BUDGET 2020

UNION BUDGET 2020

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2011 CENSUS OF INDIA

The study of population is called Demography.
Population trend in India can be classified into 4 major periods:
  1. 1891-1921 : Period of stagnant population.
  2. 1921-1951 : Period of steady growth.
  3. 1951-1981 : Period of high growth.
  4. 1981-2011 : Period of declining rate.
NOTE : The year, 1921 is known as the year of Great Divide.
Image result for census
NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY
This policy outlined following objectives to be achieved:
  • To lower down the Total Fertility Rate to achieve replacement level by 2010.
  • Population stabilization by 2045.
  • Reduce Maternal Mortality Rate to below 100 per 100000 births.
  • Reduce Infant Mortality Rate to below 30 per thousand live births.
  • Making school education compulsory.
  • Promote delayed marriage of girls.
  • Promote and control communicable diseases.
Demographics
  • First synchronized census in India took place in 1881. Since 1901, it has been taking place after every decade. 
  • Census 2011 is the 15th Census, and 7th after Independence.
  • The slogan of census 2011 is "Our Census, Our Future".
  • According to the Census 2011, there are 50 million plus cities in India as compared to 35 on census 2001.
  • Cafeteria approach to family planning was adopted during Janta Party Govt. Rule in 1978.
POPULATION
(All figures based on Census 2011)
  • Total Population : 1,21,08,54,977
  • Male : 62,32,70,258
  • Females : 58,75,84, 719
  • Density : 382 per sq km
  • Adult Sex Ratio : 943
  • Child Sex Ratio : 919
Largest and the Smallest States/UTs (in population)
  • Top States : Uttar Pradesh > Maharashtra > Bihar > West Bengal > Andhra Pradesh
  • Bottom States : Sikkim > Daman and Diu > Dadra and Nagar Haveli > Andaman and Nicobar Islands > Sikkim
Effective Literacy Rate (2001-2011)
  • Persons : 64.83 % (2001) and 73 % (2011) 
  • Male : 75.26 % (2001) and 80.9% (2011)
  • Female : 53.67 % (2001) and 64.6 % (2011)
Ranks of District in 2011
  • As per Population 
    • Top Districts : Thane (Maharashtra) and North Twenty Four Paraganas ( Pashchim Banga)
    • Bottom Districts : Dibang Valley (Arunachal Pradesh) and Anjaw (Arunachal Pradesh)
  • As per Sex Ratio
    • Top Districts : Mahe, Puducherry (1176) and Almora, Uttarakhand (1142)
    • Bottom Districts : Daman, Daman & Diu (533) and Leh, Ladakh in J&K (583)
  • Sex Ratio
    • 2001 
      • Male : 532.2 mn (51.74 %)
      • Female : 496.5 mn (48.26%)
      • Adult Sex Ratio : 933
      • Child Sex Ratio : 927
    • 2011 
      • Male : 623.1 (51.51%)
      • Female : 587.4 ( 48.46%)
      • Adult Sex Ratio : 943
      • Child Sex Ratio : 919
Ranks of States/UTs (2011)
  • Literacy Rate 
    • Top 2 States : Kerela (94%) and Lakshadweep ( 91.8%)
    • Bottom 2 States : Bihar (61.8%) and Arunachal Pradesh (65.4%)
  • Population Density
    • Top 2 States : NCT of Delhi (11,320) and Chandigarh (9,258)
    • Bottom 2 States : Arunachal Pradesh (17) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (46)
  • Sex Ratio
    • Top 2 States : Kerela (1084) and Puducherry (1037)
    • Bottom 2 States : Daman & Diu (618) and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (774)
KEY POINT OF CENSUS 2011

  • Total Population of India : 1,21,08,54,977
  • Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) : 943
  • Density : 382 persons per sq. km
  • Crude Birth Rate (2009) : 22.5
  • Crude Death Rate (2009) : 7.3
  • Infant Mortality Rate (2006) : 57 per 1000 live births
  • Maternal Mortality Rate : 407 per lakh live births
  • Literacy Rate of the country : 73% (Male - 80.9% and Female - 64.6%)
  • State with highest literacy - Kerela (94%)
  • State with lowest literacy - Bihar ( 61.8%)
  • State with highest female literacy - Kerela (92.1 %)
  • State with lowest female literacy - Bihar (51.5%)
  • State having highest decadal growth - Meghalaya (27.9%)
  • State having highest Population - Uttar Pradesh (19,98,12,341)
  • State having lowest Population - Sikkim ( 6,10,577)
  • State with highest Population Density - Bihar (1106)
  • State with lowest Population Density - Arunachal Pradesh (17)
  • State having highest Sex Ratio - Kerela (1084)
  • State having lowest Sex Ratio - Haryana (879)
  • India accounts for a meagre 2.4 % of the world surface area of 135.79 million sq km.
  • India supports 17.5 % of the World Population.
  • Life Expectancy at Birth - 63.5 years, Male - 62.6 years and Female - 64.2 years.
  • First census was undertaken in 1872 State with but a systematic programme of Population Census started in 1881.
  • Highest Death Rate among states is in Odisha 98 per 1000.
  • Lowest  Death Rate among states is in Kerela 16 per 1000.
  • Decadal growth rate in Population - 17.7%
  • State having lowest population decadal growth rate - Nagaland (-0.6%)
  • Four cities having highest population in India are Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Chennai respectively.
  • Andhra Pradesh was the first state to prepare a population policy.
  • Highest SC population is in UP.
  • Lowest SC population is in Nagaland.
  • Highest ST population is in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Lowest ST population is in Punjab.
RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES
  • HINDU 
    • Population - 96.63 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 79.8%
    • Decadal Growth - 16.8%
  • MUSLIM
    • Population - 17.22 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 14.2%
    • Decadal Growth - 24.6%
  • CHRISTIAN
    • Population - 2.78 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 2.3%
    • Decadal Growth - 15.5%
  • SIKH
    • Population - 2.08 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 1.7%
    • Decadal Growth - 8.4%
  • BUDDHIST
    • Population - 0.84 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 0.7%
    • Decadal Growth - 6.1%
  • JAIN
    • Population - 0.45 crore (2011)
    • Percentage Growth - 0.4%
    • Decadal Growth - 5.4%
STATES OF INDIA
  • LARGEST INDIAN STATE : AREA-WISE
    • Rajasthan > MP > Maharashtra > UP > J&K > Gujarat > Karnataka > Andhra Pradesh > Odisha > Chattisgarh > Tamil Nadu > Telangana > Bihar > West Bengal > Arunachal Pradesh > Jharkhand > Assam > Himachal Pradesh > Uttarakhand > Punjab > Haryana > Kerela > Meghalya > Manipur > Mizoram > Nagaland > Tripura > Sikkim > Goa.
  • LARGEST UNION TERRITORIES : AREA-WISE
    • Andaman & Nicobar Islands > Delhi > Dadra & Nagar Haveli > Puducherry > Chandigarh > Daman & Diu > Lakhshadweep
  • LARGEST INDIA STATE : POPULATION-WISE
    • UP > Maharashtra > Bihar > West Bengal > MP > TN > Rajasthan > Karnataka > Gujarat > Andhra Pradesh > Odisha > Telangana > Kerela > Jharkhand > Assam > Punjab > Chhattisgarh >  Haryana > J&K > Uttarakhand > HP > Tripura > Manipur > Meghalaya > Nagaland > Goa > Arunachal Pradesh > Mizoram > Sikkim.
  • LARGEST UNION TERRITORIES : POPULATION-WISE 
    • Delhi > Puducherry > Chandigarh > Andaman & Nicobar Islands > Dadra and Nagar Haveli > Daman & Diu >  Lakshadweep

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