GOA STATEHOOD DAY

Statehood Day of Goa Celebrated

Goa is basically an Indian state which is located on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan.

Statehood Day of Goa Celebrated

Top Current Affairs 1st June 2020

Source | Press Information Bureau


GS Paper I: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.



GOA STATEHOOD DAY

Key Takeaways

  • Goa is basically an Indian state which is located on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan.
  • Goa has two World Heritage Sites: Bom Jesus Basilica and Churches and convents of Old Goa.
  • On 19 December 1961, Operation Vijay was launched by the Indian Army which ultimately resulted in the annexation of Goa.
  • On 30 May 1987, this combined union territory was split, and Goa was made India’s 25th state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory.

Read More: Statehood Day of Sikkim Celebrated


Context: Recently, the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people of Goa on the occasion of their Statehood Day of Goa.

What you need to know about Goa and its Statehood Day?

FEW ONE-LINER FACTS ABOUT GOA

Goa is basically an Indian state which is located on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan. It is geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.

CAPITAL: Panaji

LARGEST CITY: Vasco da Gama

BORDERING AREAS: It is surrounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast.

  • It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth-smallest by population.
  • Goa has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states which is two and a half times that of the country.
  • It was ranked the best-placed state by the 11th Finance Commission for its infrastructure
  • It was also ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.
  • Currently, there are 16 planned SEZs in Goa. However, the government of the state has recently decided to not allow any more Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in Goa after strong opposition to them by political parties and the powerful Goa Catholic Church.
  • The state is second in India after Kerala to achieve a 100% automatic telephone system with a solid network of telephone exchanges.


Also Read: 16th Webinar Series of Dekho Apna Desh Titled “Goa- Crucible of Culture”


  • Goa is also one of the few states in India to achieve 100% rural electrification.
  • Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 62.17% of the population living in urban areas.
  • It is also the state with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes at 0.04%.
  • Konkani is spoken as a native language by about 66.11% of the people in the state and is sole official language of Goa.
  • According to the 2011 census, Goa has 66.1% Hindu, 25.1% Christian, 8.3% Muslim and 0.1% Sikh.
  • Goa stands 6th in the Top 10 Nightlife cities in the world in National Geographic Travel.
  • Patnem beach in Palolem stood third in CNN Travel’s Top 20 Beaches in Asia.
  • Goa has two World Heritage Sites:
    1. Bom Jesus Basilica
    2. Churches and convents of Old Goa.
  • The Gomant Vibhushan Award, the highest civilian honour of the State of Goa.
  • Traditional Goan art forms are Dekhnni, Fugdi, Corridinho, Mando, Dulpod and Fado.
  • Goa, along with West Bengal and Kerala is the locus of football in India.


Also Read: Geographical Indication Tag for two more Products


HISTORY OF GOA

Relation to Ancient World

  • Rock art engravings found in Goa exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India.
  • Rock art engravings (petroglyphs) are present on laterite platforms and granite boulders in Usgalimal near the west flowing Kushavati river and in Kajur.
  • Evidence of Palaeolithic life is visible at various places in Goa including Dabolim, Adkon, Shigao, Fatorpa, Arli, Maulinguinim, Diwar, Sanguem, Pilerne, and Aquem-Margaon.

Relation to Medieval World

  • Goa was part of the Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha, during 3rd century B.C.
  • Buddhist monks laid the foundation of Buddhism in Goa.
  • Goa was ruled by the Bhojas of Goa, between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD.
  • It was also ruled by Chutus of Karwar, as feudatories of the Satavahanas of Kolhapur during the 2nd century B.C. to 2nd century A.D.)
  • Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate in 1312.
  • By 1370, it was surrendered to Harihara I of Vijayanagar Empire.

Relation to Portuguese

  • In 1510, the ruling Bijapur sultan Yusuf Adil Shah was defeated by the Portuguese with the help of a local ally, Timayya.
  • They set up a permanent settlement in Velha Goa. In 1843 the Portuguese moved the capital to Panaji from Velha Goa.
  • This was the beginning of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa that would last for four and a half centuries, until its annexation in 1961.

Annexation of Goa

  • India requested that Portuguese territories on the Indian subcontinent be ceded to India after Indian independence in 1947. However, the Portugal refused to negotiate.
  • On 19 December 1961, Operation Vijay was launched by the Indian Army which ultimately resulted in the annexation of Goa, and of Daman and Diu islands into the Indian union.
  • Initially, Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was organised as a centrally administered union territory of India.
  • On 30 May 1987, this combined union territory was split, and Goa was made India’s 25th state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory.

Also Read: 21st Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series | Key Highlights


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