Important Amendments to Indian Constitution | Part-9
This Article is Ninth in the series of Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Amendment to the Indian Constitution plays a crucial role for Prelims as well as Mains in UPSC Civil Services examination.
In the series of Important amendments to Indian Consitution, we are going to cover all the important amendments that are crucial from UPSC Exam point of view.
Amendments to the Indian Constitution
The procedure for the Amendment of the Indian Constitution is dealt in detail in the Article 368 in Part XX of the Indian Constitution. Following points should be kept in mind while talking about amendments to the Indian Consitution.
- An amendment of the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislature.
- The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the President of India.
- The Bill must be passed by Houses with special majority that is two-third (2/3rd) of the members of the House present and voting.
- In case of deadlock between the two houses over the bill, there is no provision of joint sitting in this regard.
- The President must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of the Parliament.
LIST OF IMPORTANT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
|81.||The Constitution (Eighty First Amendment) Act, 2000||It provided for the protection of SCs and STs reservation in filling backlog of vacancies. It made amendments to the Article 16 of the Indian Constitution.|
|82.||The Constitution (Eighty Second Amendment) Act, 2000||This amendment permit relaxation of qualifying marks and other criteria in reservation in promotion for SCs and STs candidates in connection with affairs of the Union or of a State.|
|83.||The Constitution (Eighty Third Amendment) Act, 2000||Amendment was made to Article 243M of the Constitution that exempted Arunachal Pradesh from reservation for Scheduled Castes in Panchayati Raj institutions.|
|84.||The Constitution (Eighty Fourth Amendment) Act, 2001||This Amendment extended the usage of 1971 national census population figures for statewise distribution of parliamentary seats. It amended the provisions related to Article 82 and 170(3).|
|85.||The Constitution (Eighty Fifth Amendment) Act, 2001||This was a technical amendment to protect Consequential seniority in case of promotions of SCs and STs Employees.|
|86.||The Constitution (Eighty Sixth Amendment) Act, 2002||Compulsary and Free education is the fundamental right for all the children of 6-14 years of age. This Act deals with insertion of a new Article 21A after Article 21.|
In other words, it provided Right to Education until the age of 14 and Early childhood care until the age of 6.
|87.||The Constitution (Eighty Seventh Amendment) Act, 2003||This amendment to the Constitution extended the usage of 2001 national census population figures for statewise distribution of parliamentary seats.|
In other words, the 2001 Census was made the basis for the delimitation of constituencies of the LS and SLA.
|88.||The Constitution (Eighty Eighth Amendment) Act, 2003||It extended statutory cover for levy and utilisation of Service Tax.|
|89.||The Constitution (Eighty Ninth Amendment) Act, 2003||This amended article 338 and inserted Inserted article 338A. As an effect, The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was bifurcated into The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.|
|90.||The Constitution (Ninetieth Amendment) Act, 2003||The Act amended Article 332 which provided for Reservation in Assam Assembly relating to Bodoland Territory Area.|
Subscribe to our newsletter!
INDIATHINKERS is now on TELEGRAM as ExamGuideUpsc. Join our Channel to get the latest posts updates and other important quiz and pdf materials.