Important Amendments to Indian Constitution | Part-7
This Article is Seventh in the series of Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Amendment to the Indian Constitution plays a crucial role for Prelims as well as Mains in UPSC Civil Services examination.
In the series of Important amendments to Indian Consitution, we are going to cover all the important amendments that are crucial from UPSC Exam point of view.
Amendments to the Indian Constitution
The procedure for the Amendment of the Indian Constitution is dealt in detail in the Article 368 in Part XX of the Indian Constitution. Following points should be kept in mind while talking about amendments to the Indian Consitution.
- An amendment of the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislature.
- The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the President of India.
- The Bill must be passed by Houses with special majority that is two-third (2/3rd) of the members of the House present and voting.
- In case of deadlock between the two houses over the bill, there is no provision of joint sitting in this regard.
- The President must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of the Parliament.
LIST OF IMPORTANT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
|61.||The Constitution (Sixty First Amendment) Act, 1989||This amendment reduced the age for voting rights from 21 to 18.|
|62.||The Constitution (Sixty Second Amendment) Act, 1989||Extend reservation for SCs and STs and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2000.|
|63.||The Constitution (Sixty Third Amendment) Act, 1990||Emergency powers applicable to State of Punjab, accorded in Article 359A as per amendment 59 repealed. and consequently removed Article 359A|
|64.||The Constitution (Sixty Fourth Amendment) Act, 1990||Article 356 amended to permit President’s rule up to three years and six months in the state of Punjab.|
|65.||The Constitution (Sixty Fifth Amendment) Act, 1990||National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes formed and its statutory powers specified in The Constitution.|
The composition of the Commission included a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and 5 other members to be appointed by the President.
|66.||The Constitution (Sixty Sixth Amendment) Act, 1990||It provided for the inclusion of new land refors Acts pased by States under Schedule 9 of the constitution.|
|67.||The Constitution (Sixty Seventh Amendment) Act, 1990||Article 356 was amended to permit President’s rule up to 4 years in the state of Punjab.|
|68.||The Constitution (Sixty Eighth Amendment) Act, 1991||Article 356 amended to permit President’s rule up to 5 years in the state of Punjab.|
|69.||The Constitution (Sixty Ninth Amendment) Act, 1991||The amendment inserted articles 239AA and 239AB to provide for a legislative assembly and council of ministers for National Capital Territory of Delhi. |
Delhi continues to be a Union Territory.
|70.||The Constitution (Seventieth Amendment) Act, 1992||It included National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry in Electoral College for Presidential election by amending Article 54 and 239AA.|
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