Important Amendments to Indian Constitution | Part-6
This Article is Sixth in the series of Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Amendment to the Indian Constitution plays a crucial role for Prelims as well as Mains in UPSC Civil Services examination.
In the series of Important amendments to Indian Consitution, we are going to cover all the important amendments that are crucial from UPSC Exam point of view.
Amendments to the Indian Constitution
The procedure for the Amendment of the Indian Constitution is dealt in detail in the Article 368 in Part XX of the Indian Constitution. Following points should be kept in mind while talking about amendments to the Indian Consitution.
- An amendment of the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislature.
- The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the President of India.
- The Bill must be passed by Houses with special majority that is two-third (2/3rd) of the members of the House present and voting.
- In case of deadlock between the two houses over the bill, there is no provision of joint sitting in this regard.
- The President must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of the Parliament.
LIST OF IMPORTANT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
|51.||The Constitution (Fifty First Amendment) Act, 1984||Article 330 has been amended by this Act for providing reservation of seats for Scheduled tribes in Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in parliament.|
Article 332 has been amended to provide similar reservation in the Legislative Assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya to meet the aspirations of local tribal population.
|52.||The Constitution (Fifty Second Amendment) Act, 1985||It amends the Constitution to provide that a Member of Parliament or a SL who defects or is expelled from the party which set him up as a candidate in the election or if an independent member of the House joins a political party after expiry of 6 months from the date on which he takes seat in the House shall be disqualified to remain a member of the House.|
The Act also make suitable provisions with respect to splits in and merger of political parties.
|53.||The Constitution (Fifty Third Amendment) Act, 1986||It elevates the UT of Mizoram to the status of a State.|
|54.||The Constitution (Fifty Fourth Amendment) Act, 1986||It increases the salaries of the SC and HC judges as follows: |
(i) Chief Justice of India : Rs 10,000 per month (Present Rs 2,80,000)
(ii) Judges of SC : Rs 9,000 per month (Present Rs 2,50,000)
(i) Chief Justice of High Court : Rs 9,000 per month (Present Rs 2,50,000)
(ii) Judges of HC : Rs 8,000 per month (Present Rs 2,25,000)
This Act amended Part ‘D’ of the 2nd Schedule to Indian Constitution to give effect to the above increase in the salaries of judges and to make an enabling provision in Article 125 and 221 to provide for changes in the salaries of the judges in future by Parliament by law.
|55.||The Constitution (Fifty Fifth Amendment) Act, 1986||The formation of Arunachal Pradesh took place with special powers given to the Governor. It also provided for a 30-member State Assembly.|
|56.||The Constitution (Fifty Sixth Amendment) Act, 1987||Goa was made a full fledged State with a provision for a State Assembly but Daman & Diu stayed as UT.|
|57.||The Constitution (Fifty Seventh Amendment) Act, 1987||It provided reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes of Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh, in the Lok Sabha and in the State Assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya.|
|58.||The Constitution (Fifty Eighth Amendment) Act, 1987||An authorative text of the Constitution in Hindi was provided to the people of India by the President.|
|59.||The Constitution (Fifty Ninth Amendment) Act, 1988|
This amended Article 365(5) of Constitution to provide for declaration of emergency may remain in operation up to 3 years and also authorised the Government to proclaim emergency in Punjab on grounds of ‘Internal Disturbance’.
The amendment made in Art 352 thus provided that the emergency with respect to Punjab shall operate only in that State.
|60.||The Constitution (Sixtieth Amendment) Act, 1988||This was passed to increse the ceiling of Taxes on professionals, trades, callings and employment from Rs 250 per annum to Rs. 2500 per annum.|
Subscribe to our newsletter!
INDIATHINKERS is now on TELEGRAM as ExamGuideUpsc. Join our Channel to get the latest posts updates and other important quiz and pdf materials.