Important Amendments to Indian Constitution | Part-3
This Article is Third in the series of Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Amendment to the Indian Constitution plays a crucial role for Prelims as well as Mains in UPSC Civil Services examination.
In the series of Important amendments to Indian Consitution, we are going to cover all the important amendments that are crucial from UPSC Exam point of view.
Amendments to the Indian Constitution
The procedure for the Amendment of the Indian Constitution is dealt in detail in the Article 368 in Part XX of the Indian Constitution. Following points should be kept in mind while talking about amendments to the Indian Consitution.
- An amendment of the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislature.
- The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the President of India.
- The Bill must be passed by Houses with special majority that is two-third (2/3rd) of the members of the House present and voting.
- In case of deadlock between the two houses over the bill, there is no provision of joint sitting in this regard.
- The President must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of the Parliament.
LIST OF IMPORTANT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION PART-3
|21.||The Constitution (Twenty First Amendment) Act, 1967||Sindhi Language was included in the Eight Schedule of Indian Constitution by this amendment.|
|22.||The Constitution (Twenty Second Amendment) Act, 1969||This Act was enacted to facilitate the formation of new autonomous state of Meghalaya within state of Assam.|
|23.||The Constitution (Twenty Third Amendment) Act, 1969||Article 334 was amended so as to extend the safeguards in respect of reservation of seats in Parliament and State Legislatures for SC and STs as well as Anglo-Indians for a further period of 10 years.|
|24.||The Constitution (Twenty Fourth Amendment) Act, 1971||This was passed in context of a situation that emerged with the verdict in Golakhnath’s case by Supreme Court. Accordingly, this act amended Article 13 and Article 368 to remove all doubts regarding power of Parliament to amend the Constitution including the Fundamental Rights.|
|25.||The Constitution (Twenty Fifth Amendment) Act, 1971||This amendment further amended Article 31 in the wake of Bank Nationalisation case. The word “amount” was substituted in place of “compensation” in the light of the judicial interpretation of the word “compensation” meaning “adequate compensation”.|
|26.||The Constitution (Twenty Sixth Amendment) Act, 1971||The Privy and the privileges of the former rulers of Indian States were abolished. It was passed as a result of Supreme Court decision in Madhav Rao’s case.|
|27.||The Constitution (Twenty Seventh Amendment) Act, 1971||(i) It was passsed to provide for certain matters necessitated by the reorganization of north-eastern states.|
(ii) A new Article 239B was inserted which enabled the promulgation of Ordinances by Administors of certain UTs.
|28.||The Constitution (Twenty Eighth Amendment) Act, 1972||It was enacted to abolish special privileges of the memebers of the Indian Civil Services in matters of leave, pension and rights as regard to disciplinary matters.|
|29.||The Constitution (Twenty Ninth Amendment) Act, 1972||The Ninth Schedule to the Indian Constitution was amended to include there in two Kerala Acts on land reforms.|
|30.||The Constitution (Thirteeth Amendment) Act, 1972||It curtailed the appeals to the Supreme court and provided that only such appeals can be brought which involves a substantial question of law. This valuation aspect of Rs 20,000 for appeals in civil cases to the Supreme Court were abolished.|
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