Important Amendments to Indian Constitution | Part-10
This Article is Tenth and Last in the series of Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Amendment to the Indian Constitution plays a crucial role for Prelims as well as Mains in UPSC Civil Services examination.
In the series of Important amendments to Indian Consitution, we are going to cover all the important amendments that are crucial from UPSC Exam point of view.
Amendments to the Indian Constitution
The procedure for the Amendment of the Indian Constitution is dealt in detail in the Article 368 in Part XX of the Indian Constitution. Following points should be kept in mind while talking about amendments to the Indian Consitution.
- An amendment of the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislature.
- The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the President of India.
- The Bill must be passed by Houses with special majority that is two-third (2/3rd) of the members of the House present and voting.
- In case of deadlock between the two houses over the bill, there is no provision of joint sitting in this regard.
- The President must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of the Parliament.
LIST OF IMPORTANT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
|91.||The Constitution (Ninety First Amendment) Act, 2003||This Act amended articles 75 and 164 and inserted article 361B to restrict the size of council of ministers to 15% of legislative members & to strengthen Anti Defection laws.|
|92.||The Constitution (Ninety Second Amendment) Act, 2003||This Act amended Schedule 8 to include Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Mathili as official languages. It thus increased the number of constitutionally recognized languages to 22.|
|93.||The Constitution (Ninety Third Amendment) Act, 2006||It provided for the provision of reservation (27%) for Other Backward Class(OBCs) in government as well as private educational institutions.|
|94.||The Constitution (Ninety Fourth Amendment) Act, 2006||It provided for the setting up of a separate 3-member National Commission for Scheduled Tribes to protect the rights of the tribal community as enshrined in the Constitution.|
|95.||The Constitution (Ninety Fifth Amendment) Act, 2010||To extend the reservation of seats for SCs and STs and Anglo-Indian in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Sixty years to Seventy years. i.e., till 25th January 2020.|
|96.||The Constitution (Ninety Sixth Amendment) Act, 2011||This amended schedule 8 to substitute “Odia” for “Oriya”|
|97.||The Constitution (Ninety Seventh Amendment) Act, 2011||The Amendment provided for the Co-operative Societies in part IXB of the constitution of India. It also amended Art 19(1) and inserted Article 43B.|
|98.||The Constitution (Ninety Eighth Amendment) Act, 2012||This Act was passed to insert Article 371J in the Constitution with an objective to empwer the Government of Karnataka to take steps to develop Hyderabad-Karnataka region.|
|99.||The Constitution (Ninety Ninth Amendment) Act, 2014||This Act provided for Insertion of new articles 124A, 124B and 124C after Article 124 of the Constitution. It also provided for the formation of a National Judicial Appointments Commission.|
|100.||The Constitution (Hundredth Amendment) Act, 2015||Amendment to the First Schedule to Constitution was made for exchange of certain enclave territories with Bangladesh and conferment of citizenship rights to residents of enclaves consequent to signing of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) Treaty between India and Bangladesh.|
|101.||The Constitution (Hundredth One Amendment) Act, 2017||(i) Addition of articles 246A, 269A, 279A. |
(ii) Deletion of Article 268A.
(iii) Amendment of articles 248, 249, 250, 268, 269, 270, 271, 286, 366, 368, Sixth Schedule, Seventh Schedule.
All above done for the Introduction of Goods & Services Tax.
|102.||The Constitution (Hundredth Two Amendment) Act, 2018||Amendement added articles 338B, 342A, and Added Clause 26C along with modification of articles 338, 366 to provide Constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes.|
|103.||The Constitution (Hundredth Three Amendment) Act, 2019||Amendment to Article 15 & 16 was made.|
A maximum of 10% Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) of citizens of classes other than the classes mentioned in clauses (4) and (5) of Article 15, i.e. Classes other than socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
Inserted Clause  under Article 15 as well as Inserted Clause  under Article 16.
|104.||The Constitution (Hundredth Four Amendment) Act, 2020||(i) Ameded Article 334 to extend the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from 70 years to 80 years. |
(ii) Removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.
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