World Red Cross Day
Context: World Red Cross Day is marked across the globe every year on May 8, to observe the principles of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
The day also marks the appreciation for the volunteers who always step to help those in need.
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What you should know about World Red Cross Day?
This date i.e., 8th May, marks the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant, who was born on 8 May 1828. He was the founder of International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the recipient of the first Nobel Peace Prize.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering. The movement’s parts are:
- The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC): It is a private humanitarian institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland, in particular by Henry Dunant and Gustave Moynier.
- The ICRC was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on three occasions (in 1917, 1944 and 1963).
- The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC): It was founded in 1919 and today it coordinates activities between the 190 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies within the Movement.
- The International Federation Secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland.
- In 1963, the Federation (then known as the League of Red Cross Societies) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the ICRC.
- National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: It exist in nearly every country in the world. Currently 190 National Societies are recognized by the ICRC and admitted as full members of the Federation.
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PRELIMS Background Bites
INDIAN RED CROSS SOCIETY
The Indian Red Cross is a voluntary humanitarian organization having a network of over 700 branches throughout the country, providing relief in times of disasters/emergencies and promotes health & care of the vulnerable people and communities.
- It is a leading member of the largest independent humanitarian organization in the world, the International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement.
- The Mission of the Indian Red Cross is to inspire, encourage and initiate at all times all forms of humanitarian activities so that human suffering can be minimized and even prevented and thus contribute to creating more congenial climate for peace.
THE SEVEN FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPALS OF RED CROSS
- HUMANITY: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement endeavors, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found.
- IMPARTIALITY: It makes no discrimination as to nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions.
- NEUTRALITY: The Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature, in orders to enjoy the confidence of all.
- INDEPENDENCE: The Movement is independent in nature and functioning.
- VOLUNTARY SERVICE: It is voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.
- UNITY: There can be only one Red Cross Or Red Crescent in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.
- UNIVERSALITY: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.
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