VEER SAVARKAR

VEER SAVARKAR | 137th BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi paid tributes to Veer Savarkar commonly known as the 'Swatantryaveer Savarkar' in Marathi language, on his 137th Birth Anniversary.

VEER SAVARKAR | 137th BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

Top Current Affairs 29th May 2020

Source| Press Information Bureau


GS Paper I: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.



VEER SAVARKAR

Key takeaways

  • Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966), commonly known as ‘Swatantryaveer Savarkar’ in Marathi language, was an Indian independence activist and politician.
  • He was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • Serving as the president of the Hindu Mahasabha political party, Savarkar endorsed the idea of India as a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu Nation).

Read More: Neelam Sanjiva Reddy | Birth Anniversary


Context: The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi paid tributes to Veer Savarkar commonly known as the ‘Swatantryaveer Savarkar’ in Marathi language, on his 137th Birth Anniversary.

What you need to know about Veer Savarkar?

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966), commonly known as ‘Swatantryaveer Savarkar’ in Marathi language, was an Indian independence activist and politician who formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva.

  • He was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • As a response to the Muslim League, Savarkar joined the Hindu Mahasabha and popularized the term Hindutva (Hinduness), previously coined by Chandranath Basu, to create a collective “Hindu” identity as an essence of Bharat (India).
  • Savarkar was an atheist and also a pragmatic practitioner of Hindu philosophy.
  • One of the books he published called The Indian War of Independence about the Indian rebellion of 1857 was banned by the British authorities.
  • Serving as the president of the Hindu Mahasabha political party, Savarkar endorsed the idea of India as a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu Nation).
  • In 1948, Savarkar was charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi; however, he was acquitted by the court for lack of evidence.
  • Under Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha openly opposed the call for the Quit India Movement and boycotted it officially.
  • He defined Hindus as being neither Aryan nor Dravidian but as “People who live as children of a common motherland, adoring a common holyland.”
  • He wrote 38 books in English and Marathi, consisting in many essays, two novels called Moplah Rebellion and the Transportation, poetry and plays, the best-known of his books being his historical study The Indian war of independence, 1857 and his pamphlet Hindutva: Who Is a Hindu?.


Read More: Gopal Krishna Gokhale | Birth Anniversary Celebrated


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