27th May 2020 Current Affairs

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020 + PIB Summary

These are the 27th May 2020 current affairs. These current affairs are prepared from relevant sources like The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, BusinessLine.

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020 + PIB Summary

27th May 2020 Current Affairs
27th May 2020 Current Affairs

Keeping in mind the need of UPSC IAS Exam, 27th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY compilation has been prepared. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source. These “27th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY” includes topics form  The HinduThe Indian ExpressBusiness StandardPress Information Bureau, etc.

As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic in 27th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY compilation has been handpicked for you.



DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 26th MAY 2020: THE HINDU + PIB

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ: 26th MAY 2020: THE HINDU + PIB



VAMS SafeGuard | World’s 1st Contactless Visitor Management Software

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | News


GS Paper III: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.



VAMS SAFEGUARD

Key Takeaways

  • With the help of AI (Artificial Intelligence),the software enables entry of visitors, who are only complying to all coronavirus (COVID) protection measures.
  • It scans and records one person at a time from a distance of 18″ in less than 3-5 seconds.

Read More: CoAST India Platform | A GIS-Based Dashboard


Context: VAMS (Visitor Authentication & Management Systems) Global, a Mumbai based startup offering specialized solutions for Corporates & Commercial Buildings, has developed world’s 1st contactless Visitor Management Software called ‘VAMS SafeGuard’.

  • The software checks body temperature, scans faces with mask compliance & monitors social distancing on the premise.
  • It scans and records one person at a time from a distance of 18 inches in less than 3-5 seconds.

What you need to know about VAMS SafeGuard?

  • With the help of AI (Artificial Intelligence),the software enables entry of visitors, who are only complying to all coronavirus (COVID) protection measures.
  • The embedded face & palm recognition sensors equipped in the software provide 100 % hands-free user authentication for various uses including time and attendance, access control, visitor management, event management, contractor module along with others.
  • In addition, it has also tasked with monitoring visitors, contractors, pre appointments, Aarogya Setu Declaration, customised questionnaire for visitors for traceability and emergency notification in order to ensure the compliance of social distancing.

What are the benefits associated with VAMS SafeGuard?

  • The software can be deployed in pharmaceuticals, hospitality, manufacturing, transportation and logistics, educational institutions, commercial and residential buildings.


Read More: UMANG Application | 7 services of IMD on UMANG


What you need to know about VAMS Global?

Vams Global is a leading a Mumbai based startup offering specialized solutions for Corporates & Commercial Buildings. Pioneering the Visitor Authentication process, Vams Global also offers specialized solutions for Residential Buildings & Townships.

  • Its CEO is Nikhil Kothary.


“FAITH” Trials by Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | The Hindu


GS Paper III: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.



FAITH TRIALS

Key Takeaways

  • The new combination clinical trial will be called FAITH – (FA vipiravir plus Um I fenovir (efficacy and safety) Trial in Indian Hospital setting.
  • Both the Favipiravir and Umifenovir inhibited virus infection in vitro and have shown efficacy in COVID-19 trials.

Read More: Hydroxychloroquine and Frontline Workers


Context: Keeping an eye on the rising number of COVID-19 patients in India, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd. will conduct ‘FAITH’ trials to test combined efficacy of two antiviral drugs — Favipiravir and Umifenovir — as potential COVID-19 treatment strategy.

What you should know about this ‘FAITH TRIALS’?

  • The new combination clinical trial will be called FAITH – (FA vipiravir plus Um I fenovir (efficacy and safety) Trial in Indian Hospital setting.
  • The two antiviral drugs have different mechanisms of action, and their combination may demonstrate improved treatment efficacy by effectively tackling high viral loads in patients during early stages of the disease.
  • As many as 158 hospitalised patients of moderate COVID-19 infection will be enrolled in the combination study and randomised in two groups.
  • Both the Favipiravir and Umifenovir inhibited virus infection in vitro and have shown efficacy in COVID-19 trials.
  • The current study will examine whether early administration of a combination of Favipiravir and Umifenovir enhances anti-viral efficacy on COVID-19 patients.
  • Hence, a combined use of Favipiravir and Umifenovir acting on different mechanisms offers a comprehensive antiviral cover on pre-entry and post-entry life-cycle of the SARS-COV-2 virus.


Read More: Clinical trials (PHASE-3) on Favipiravir for COVID-19


Details about Favipiravir and Umifenovir

FAVIPIRAVIR

  • Favipiravir, sold under the brand name Avigan, is an antiviral medication used to treat influenza in Japan. It is also being studied to treat a number of other viral infections.
  • It is being developed and manufactured by Toyama Chemical (Fujifilm group) and was approved for medical use in Japan in 2014.
  • In 2016, Fujifilm licensend API for it to Zhejiang Hisun Pharmaceutical Co. of China.
  • It became a generic drug in 2019.
  • In February 2020, favipiravir was being studied in China for experimental treatment of the emergent COVID-19.
  • The drug has been approved for use in clinical trials of coronavirus disease 2019 in China.
  • In March 2020, Italy approved the drug for experimental use against COVID-19 and has begun conducting trials in three regions most affected by the disease.

UMIFENOVIR

  • Umifenovir sold under brand name Arbidol is an antiviral treatment for influenza infection used in Russia and China.
  • The drug is manufactured by Pharmstandard.
  • It is not approved by the US FDA for the treatment or prevention of influenza.
  • The drug is claimed to inhibit viral entry into target cells and stimulate the immune response.
  • Interest in the drug has been renewed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Also Read: Adenovirus COVID-19 vaccine (Ad5-nCoV)


Spiral Galaxy NGC 3895 | NASA releases Image

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | Times of India


GS Paper III: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.



spiral galaxy

Key Takeaways

  • The Hubble Space Telescope released the image under the title “One Large Stellar Latte To Go”.
  • The galaxy, located at a distance of over 161 million light-years, is a part of Ursa Major.
  • The galaxy has a diameter of approximately 45,000 light-years.

Read More: Earth’s Magnetic Field Weakening | Explained


Context: NASA’s Hubble telescope released an image of a spiral galaxy, NGC 3895, that, in colour and shape, resembles a coffee made by a barista.

What you need to know about Spiral Galaxy NGC 3895?

  • The galaxy’s existence was known earlier as well and it has been captured by the telescope in the past as well. However, the current image is trending online for its aesthetic beauty.
  • The Hubble Space Telescope released the image under the title “One Large Stellar Latte To Go”.
  • The galaxy, located at a distance of over 161 million light-years, is a part of Ursa Major.
  • It was discovered by German-born British astronomer William Herschel on March 18, 1790.
  • The galaxy has a diameter of approximately 45,000 light-years.

Few Points to remember about Spiral Galaxy

  • Most spiral galaxies consist of a flat, rotating disk containing stars, gas and dust, and a central concentration of stars known as the bulge.
  • These are often surrounded by a much fainter halo of stars, many of which reside in globular clusters.
  • Together with irregular galaxies, spiral galaxies make up approximately 60% of galaxies in today’s universe.
  • They are mostly found in low-density regions and are rare in the centers of galaxy clusters.


Also Read: Solar Minimum and its Effects on Earth


About Hubble Space Telescope

  • The Hubble Space Telescope is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
  • The Hubble telescope was built by the United States space agency NASA with contributions from the European Space Agency.
  • Hubble is the only telescope designed to be maintained in space by astronauts. Five Space Shuttle missions have repaired, upgraded, and replaced systems on the telescope, including all five of the main instruments.
  • It was not the first space telescope but it is one of the largest and most versatile, well known both as a vital research tool and as a public relations boon for astronomy.
  • One successor to the Hubble telescope is the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) which is scheduled to be launched in March 2021.
  • The Hubble telescope is named after astronomer Edwin Hubble and is one of NASA’s Great Observatories, along with the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope.
  • Hubble features a 2.4-meter (7.9 ft) mirror, and its four main instruments observe in the ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • The telescope was still operating as of April 24, 2020, its 30th anniversary, and could last until 2030–2040.

Also Read: HR 6819 Closest Black Hole to Earth | Know the Details



China’s First Mars Mission – TIANWEN-1

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | Indian Express


GS Paper III: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.



China's First Mars Mission

Key Takeaways

  • This is China’s First Mars Mission which is planned to be launched in July 2020.
  • Named after the ancient Chinese poem ‘Questions to Heaven’, the Tianwen-1, an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover will search the Martian surface for water, ice, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere, among completing other objectives.

Read Now: LONG MARCH 5B ROCKET LAUNCHED BY CHINA


Context: China has planned to launch its first Mars mission, the ‘Tianwen-1’, in July, which is expected to land on the Red Planet’s surface in the first quarter of 2021.

What you should know about China’s First Mars Mission – Tianwen-1?

  • Tianwen-1 is an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover which will search the Martian surface for water, ice, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere, among completing other objectives.
  • The name “Tianwen”, which means Heavenly Questions or Questions to Heaven, comes from the long poem of the same name written by Qu Yuan (about 340-278 BC), one of the greatest poets of ancient China.
  • The Tianwen-1 mission will lift off on a Long March 5 rocket. The success of the mission will make China the third country to achieve a Mars landing after the USSR and the United States.
  • The Chinese mission is expected to take off in late July, around the same time when NASA is launching its own Mars mission– the ambitious ‘Perseverance’ which aims to collect Martian samples and bring them back to Earth in a two-part campaign.
  • This Chinese mission will be the first to place a ground-penetrating radar on the Martian surface, which will be able to study local geology, as well as rock, ice, and dirt distribution. Two candidate landing sites have been identified, one of them being Utopia Planitia.
  • China’s previous ‘Yinghuo-1’ Mars mission, which had launched on a Russian spacecraft, had failed after it could not leave the Earth’s orbit and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean in 2012.

Also Read: Arktika-M satellite to be launched by Russia




Read More: SUPERCAM: MARS 2020


About the Previous Mars Missions

  • It was in 1971 when USSR became the first country to carry out a Mars landing– its ‘Mars 3’ lander being able to transmit data for 20 seconds from the Martian surface before failing.
    • The country made its second and Mars landing two years later in 1973.
  • The second country to reach Mars’s surface, the US, holds the record for the most number of Mars landings.
    • Since 1976, it has achieved 8 successful Mars landings, the latest being the ‘InSight’ in 2019 (launched in 2018).
  • India and the European Space Agency have been able to place their spacecraft in Mars’s orbit.
    • India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or ‘Mangalyaan’ was able to do so in September 2014, almost a year after its launch from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh.

Also Read: DEMO-2 MISSION OF NASA & SPACE-X



Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA)

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | The Hindu


GS Paper III: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.



Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA)

Key Takeaways

  • The experiment was done to identify high energy particles using NASA’s Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a balloon that can carry delicate electronic antennas above the frozen wastes of Antarctica.
  • The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) is the first NASA observatory for neutrinos of any kind.

Read More: Ionospheric Electron Density


Context: Researchers using NASA’s ANITA have succeeded in finding “a fountain of high-energy particles erupting from the ice” in Antarctica which according to the researchers could be proof of a parallel universe.

What are the new findings?

  • According to a recent experiment, the team of NASA researchers found high energy particles which seemed to come up out of Earth.
  • The experiment was done to identify high energy particles using NASA’s Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a balloon that can carry delicate electronic antennas above the frozen wastes of Antarctica.
  • The high-energy particles detected by device can only come “down” from space. However, the particles detected by ANITA seem to be travelling up.
  • This indicates that the particles are travelling back in time suggesting the existence of a parallel universe that travels back in time.
  • According to the report, the only way for a particle to behave this way is if it had changed its nature before entering the Earth and then changed back again.

Also Read: DOUBLE ASTEROID REDIRECTION TEST (DART)



What you should know about Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA)?

The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) is the first NASA observatory for neutrinos of any kind. Neutrinos are of great interest to astrophysicist as they are the only particle that can reach earth unattenuated at all energies.

The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) experiment has been designed to study ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic neutrinos by detecting the radio pulses emitted by their interactions with the Antarctic ice sheet.

This is to be accomplished using an array of radio antennas suspended from a helium balloon flying at a height of about 37,000 meters.

  • The neutrinos, with energies on the order of 1018 eV, produce radio pulses in the ice because of the Askaryan effect.
    • Askaryan effect is the phenomenon whereby a particle traveling faster than the phase velocity of light in a dense dielectric (such as salt, ice or the lunar regolith) produces a shower of secondary charged particles which contain a charge anisotropy (property of substances to exhibit variations in physical properties along different molecular axes) and thus emits a cone of coherent radiation in the radio or microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

As of January 2020, ANITA has made four flights and detected numerous cosmic rays coming from the sky within the field of view of the experiment.

At present, America, Australia and China have astronomical observatories in Antarctica. The US was among the pioneers to begin astronomical observations from an observatory at its Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station. Now, it has three 10-meter South Pole Telescope (SPT) telescopes.


Read More: Blazars : First Systematic Study Conducted



COVID-19 may become Endemic Disease – WHO

Top Current Affairs 27th May 2020

Source | Indian Express


GS Paper II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.



COVID-19 may become endemic

Key Takeaways

  • WHO had earlier characterized the rapid spread of Covid-19 across the world has been as Pandemic.
  • Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has predicted that novel coronavirus (COVID-19) could become endemic to the world.

Read More: Kangra Tea Lowers Coronavirus Activity


Context: Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has predicted that novel coronavirus (COVID-19) could become endemic to the world.

  • WHO had earlier characterized the rapid spread of Covid-19 across the world has been as Pandemic.
  • Although India has made great efforts in containing the spread of the virus, the probability of its conversion into the category of endemic would be a great vulnerability.

What is an Endemic Disease?

A disease is called endemic when the presence or usual prevalence of its infectious agent is constant within a given geographical area or population group. When the cases begin to rise, it is classified as an epidemic. If this epidemic has been recorded in several countries and areas, it is called a pandemic.

  • Some examples of endemics include chicken pox and malaria, where there are a predictable number of cases every year in certain parts of the world.
  • As per World Health Organization, the novel coronavirus or COVID-19 may become just another endemic virus in communities, and may never go away.

Read More: Hydroxychloroquine and Frontline Workers



What you should know about “R0” figure and the Spread of the Disease?

  • The mathematical figure “R0”(pronounced “R-naught”) indicates how fast an infection is spreading.
  • It is called the basic reproduction number and indicates the average number of people who will contract the virus from a person who has already been infected, in a population that does not have immunity for the said disease.
  • For R0=1, the disease is said to be endemic.
  • For R0>1, it implies that the cases are increasing and that the disease will eventually become an epidemic.

What happens when a Disease Becomes Endemic?

When epidemics become endemic, they become “increasingly tolerated” and the responsibility of protecting against it shifts from the government to the individual. This means, rather than government agencies actively engaging in tracking and identifying cases, the individuals themselves will be responsible for managing risk from the disease and seeking care.

  • Also, the sociopolitical response to the disease may change, with investment in the disease becoming institutionalized along with the disease-inducing behavioural changes in people.

What are the different types of Endemic Diseases?

  • Holoendemic Diseases: This kind of endemic disease affects mostly children.
    • This infection is highly prevalent in the early years of life.
    • The adult population do not show traces of diseases as much as children do.
    • Malaria is a type of holoendemic disease.
  • Hyperendemic Diseases: These types of endemic diseases are constantly present at a high rate and are found among all age groups equally.
    • African Sleeping Sickness and Chicken Pox are categorized under hyperendemic diseases.

Also Read: WHO Executive Board | 147th Session



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