26th May 2020 Current Affairs

Top Current Affairs 26th May 2020 + PIB Summary

These are the 26th May 2020 current affairs. These current affairs are prepared from relevant sources like The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, BusinessLine.

Top Current Affairs 26th May 2020 + PIB Summary

26th May 2020 Current Affairs
26th May 2020 Current Affairs

Keeping in mind the need of UPSC IAS Exam, 26th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY compilation has been prepared. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source. These “26th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY” includes topics form  The HinduThe Indian ExpressBusiness StandardPress Information Bureau, etc.

As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic in 26th MAY 2020 CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY compilation has been handpicked for you.



DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 25th MAY 2020: THE HINDU + PIB

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ: 25th MAY 2020: THE HINDU + PIB



CoAST India Platform | A GIS-Based Dashboard

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | Indian Express



GS Paper II: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


coast india platform

Key Takeaways

  • The map matches “time and spatial data, on administrative facilities in the area, transportation and healthcare facilities of an area and summaries, on the fly, in real time of people passing by”
  • The map reflects the movement of migrant workers in their real time long journeys.
  • This platform has been developed by India Observatory, an open-source database.

Read More: National Migrant Information System (NMIS)


Context: Indian Observatory, which is basically an open source database, has developed CoAST India Platform, a GIS-enabled dashboard to trace the migrant workers during their long journey.

What you need to know about CoAST India Platform?

CoAST India is short for “Collaboration/Covid Action Support Group” is a GIS-enabled dashboard which includes an India map reflecting the movement of migrants in real time on their long journeys, often on foot, along with facilities and relief organisations on their routes.

  • The platform is a collaboration of Indian Observatory with Anand-based Forest Ecological Security (FES) which acts as its main nodal point.
  • The CoAST India Platform draws information from 55 organisations on the ground, which are mostly located in villages, and aims to make such data available so that it would enable governments and small local civil society groups to be of assistance.
  • The map matches “time and spatial data, on administrative facilities in the area, transportation and healthcare facilities of an area and summaries, on the fly, in real time of people passing by.”
  • The map is available free in 12 different languages.

Read More: Migrant Workers Coronavirus Package



Under this Platform, 4 different elements are sought to be brought together. These elements includes:

  1. Location of migrants and vulnerable people
  2. Specific needs of these migrants and vulnerable people.
  3. Location of key infrastructure on the way which can double up as a rest-centre, or quarantine space.
  4. Location of relief and rehabilitation providing NGOs and civil society organisations.

What you need to know about Indian Observatory?

India Observatory, country’s first socio, economic, ecological open source integrated Geospatial data platform was launched set up in December 2019, in GeoSmart India conference.

  • The observatory is a comprehensive information on India’s social, ecological and economic parameters on a single spatial and temporal platform designed to supplement local level decision making by village communities, Panchayats, NGOs and government Officials.
  • India Observatory has the ‘India Data Platform’ at its core, which is built on open source and brings together data on over 1600 parameters ranging from village to national level in the form of maps, graphs, tables and infographics.
  • It is freely available for civil society organizations, students, government departments and citizens.
  • It has 90% of India’s open data some from 1951 and some from 1991 till date.

Also Read: New Workplace Guidelines amid COVID-19



BALBIR SINGH DOSANJH

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | All India Radio


PRELIMS: Important Personalities



balbir singh dosanjh

Key Takeaways

  • Balbir Singh Dosanjh (1923 – 2020) was an Indian hockey player.
  • He was a three-time Olympic gold medallist, having played a key role in India’s wins in London (1948), Helsinki (1952) (as vice captain), and Melbourne (1956) (as captain) Olympics.

Read More: BUDDHA PURNIMA CELEBRATIONS | 7th MAY


Context: Balbir Singh Senior, the three-time Olympic gold medal-winning hockey legend passed away. He was 96 years old.

What you need to know about Balbir Singh Dosanjh?

  • Balbir Singh Dosanjh (1923 – 2020) was an Indian hockey player. He was often called Balbir Singh Senior to distinguish him from other Indian hockey players named Balbir Singh.
  • He was a three-time Olympic gold medallist, having played a key role in India’s wins in London (1948), Helsinki (1952) (as vice captain), and Melbourne (1956) (as captain) Olympics.
  • His Olympic record for most goals scored by an individual in an Olympic men’s hockey final remains unbeaten. Singh set this record when he scored five goals in India’s 6–1 victory over the Netherlands in the gold medal game of the 1952 Olympic Games.
  • One of the country’s greatest athletes, Balbir Senior was the only Indian among 16 legends chosen by the International Olympic Committee across modern Olympic history.
  • Singh was the first sports personality to be honoured with the Padma Shri award, in 1957.
  • Singh died at the age of 96 in Chandigarh on 25 May 2020.
  • In the year 2006 he was named the Best Sikh Hockey Player.

Also Read: Artist Jamini Roy | 133rd Birth Anniversary



SILVER FISH | News Freshwater fish from Tamil Nadu

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | The Hindu


GS Paper III: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.



silver fish

Key Takeaways

  • Encountered in a small waterbody in Velankanni, Puntius sanctusgrows to a length of 7 cm.
  • It is used both as food and as an aquarium draw.

Read More: New Plant Species in Western Ghats


Context: A new species of small freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae has came up in Velankanni in Tamil Nadu.

  • The silver-hued fish has been christened Puntius sanctus — ‘sanctus’ is Latin for holy — after the popular pilgrim town.

What you need to know about this new Silver Fish species?

  • The fish has been identified and named by Mathews Plamoottil, head of the Department of Zoology, BJM Government College, Chavara, in Kollam.
  • His research was funded by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) of the Department of Science and Technology.
  • Encountered in a small waterbody in Venlankanni, Puntius sanctus is small, it grows to a length of 7 cm. It found use both as food and as an aquarium draw, Dr. Plamoottil said.
  • The Puntius species are known locally as ‘Paral’ in Kerala and ‘Kende’ in Tamil Nadu.
  • They are purely freshwater fishes.
  • Its physical characteristics included a protractible mouth, a pair of maxillary barbels (a sensory organ near the snout), 24-25 lateral line scales and 10 pre-dorsal scales.
  • The new fish is now deposited in Government of India museum (Zoological Survey of India) at Pune.
  • It has also been registered with ZooBank of the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature, the official authority for naming animals.


Also Read: Species Named after Twitter | Troglomyces twitteri


What you need to know about International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature?

The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) was founded in 1895. Its task is to create, publish and, periodically, to revise the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

  • The Commission also considers and rules on specific cases of nomenclatural uncertainty.
  • These rulings are published as ‘Opinions’ in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.
  • The maintenance of international standards in animal nomenclature is the unique role of the Commission.
  • It is not the role of the Commission to become involved in taxonomic issues except where they have nomenclatural implications.

The Commission currently comprises 25 members from 18 countries. The work of the Commission is supported by a small Secretariat based at the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum in Singapore. The Commission operates in two main ways:

  • ICZN publishes the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature containing the rules universally accepted as governing the application of scientific names to all organisms which are treated as animals.
  • ICZN provides rulings on individual nomenclatural problems brought to its attention, in order to achieve internationally acceptable solutions and stability. These rulings are published as ‘Opinions’ in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.

Also Read: New species of fishes in Western Ghats



About ZooBank

ZooBank is the official registry of Zoological Nomenclature, according to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Currently, ZooBank accommodates the registration of four different kinds of data objects:

  • Nomenclatural Acts: Published usages of scientific names for animals, which represent nomenclatural acts as governed by the ICZN Code of Nomenclature. Most of these acts are ‘original descriptions’ of new scientific names for animals, but other acts may include emendations, lectotypifications, and other acts as governed by the ICZN Code.
  • Publications: Publications that contain Nomenclatural Acts, as defined above.
  • Authors: Anyone who is an author of one or more Publications (as defined above), or who is a contributor to ZooBank content.
  • Type Specimens: Type specimens for scientific names of animals. The registration of Type Specimens is considered provisional and is not yet fully implemented in ZooBank.

Cicadas | Species that lives Underground

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | Indian Express


GS Paper III: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.



cicadas the underground species; current affairs 26th may

Key Takeaways

  • Cicadas are insects that spend most of their lives underground and emerge from the soil mainly to mate. 
  • The insects are found in the America’s as well as New Zealand and Australia.

Read More: SILVER FISH | News Freshwater fish from Tamil Nadu


Context: A brood of periodical cicadas, noisy insects that breed underground for as long as 13-17 years are expected to emerge into some states on the east coast of the US this year.

What you need to know about Cicadas?

  • Cicadas are insects that spend most of their lives underground and emerge from the soil mainly to mate.
  • The insects are found in the America’s as well as New Zealand and Australia.
  • There will be major outbreaks of periodical cicadas in 2020 and 2021.
  • There are three species of 17-year cicadas and three species of 13-year ones.
  • The name 13 and 17 year refers to the number of years that cicada nymphs take to reach adulthood. It is not clear why their development period is so long.
  • After emerging from the ground in billions, they shed their exoskeletons or outer skins to take their winged form.
  • The lifespan of adult ones is short, about two to four weeks during which time they feed relatively little and mate.
  • This year, the grouping dubbed Brood IX will emerge after spending 17 years underground, into states including Southwest Virginia, parts of North Carolina and West Virginia.
  • There is an expectation of the emergence of over 1.5 million cicadas per acre.

Also Read: HORNETS | A RISK TO BEE INDUSTRIES


Line of Actual Control (LAC) | India-China Dispute

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | The Hindu


GS Paper II: India and its neighborhood- relations.



line of actual control; current affairs 26th may

Key Takeaways

  • The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war.
  • The border is not fully demarcated and the LAC is neither clarified nor confirmed by the two countries.

Read More: India-Nepal Border Dispute | Explained


Context: The India-China border has been witnessing tensions over the past month, with incidents reported in at least four different locations along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

What is the issue around Line of Actual Control now?

There has been construction activities by India which are not liked by the Chinese side. These construction activities were in the Galwan Valley area. The LAC was thought to be settled in this area which has not seen many incidents in the past.

What is the reason behind these disputes?

The situation of face-off occur along the Line of Actual Control in areas where India and China have overlapping claim lines.

To be kept in mind is the fact that the LAC has never been demarcated. There are different perceptions in around more than 24 spots spread across Western (Ladakh), Middle (Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand), Sikkim and Eastern (Arunachal Pradesh) sectors of the India-China Border.

So, the major reason of these faceoff situations arises when patrols encounter each other in the contested zones between the overlapping claim lines.


Also Read: Historic Travel Bubble amid COVID-19



What you need to know about the Line of Actual Control?

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war. India-China border is divided into three sectors:

  • Western Part: The LAC in the western sector falls in the union territory of Ladakh and is 1597 km long,
  • Middle Part: The middle sector of 545 km length falls in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and
  • Eastern Part: The 1346 km long eastern sector falls in the states of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

So basically, the entire Sino-Indian border (including the western LAC, the small undisputed section in the centre, and the MacMahon Line in the east) is 4,056 km (2,520 mi) long and traverses one Indian union territory – Ladakh and four Indian states: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • The main differences are in the Western and Eastern sectors. India sees China as occupying 38,000 sq km in Aksai Chin. In the east, China claims as much as 90,000 sq km, extending all across Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The middle sector is the least disputed sector, while the western sector witnesses the highest transgressions between the two sides.

Read More: New Political Map of Nepal | All you need to Know


HEAT WAVES | What You should know?

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | The Hindu


GS Paper I: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.



heat waves; current affairs 26th may

Key Takeaways

  • Many parts of coastal Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra have also observed increase in temperatures above 42°C, triggering heatwave conditions.
  • Heat waves typically occur between March and June, and in some rare cases even extend till July.


Read More: Ecologically Sensitive Areas of Western Ghats


Context: India Meteorological Department (IMD) has recently forecasted the “heatwave to severe heatwave conditions” over northwest, central and adjoining peninsular India along with heavy rain over northeast India.

  • Many parts of coastal Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra have also observed increase in temperatures above 42°C, triggering heatwave conditions.
  • The heat wave has been observed due to dry northwesterly winds prevailing over northwest and central India.

What all you need to know about Heat Waves?

A heat wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, more than the normal maximum temperature that occurs during the summer season in the North-Western and South Central parts of India.

  • Heat waves typically occur between March and June, and in some rare cases even extend till July.
  • Higher daily peak temperatures and longer, more intense heat waves are becoming increasingly frequent globally due to climate change.


What is the Criteria for Heat Waves?

  • The heat wave is considered when the maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C for Plains and at least 30°C for Hilly regions.
  • If the normal maximum temperature of a station is less than or equal to 40°C, then an increase of 5°C to 6°C from the normal temperature is considered to be heat wave condition.
  • Further, an increase of 7°C or more from the normal temperature is considered as severe heat wave condition.
  • If the normal maximum temperature of a station is more than 40°C, then an increase of 4°C to 5°C from the normal temperature is considered to be heat wave condition. Further, an increase of 6°C or more is considered as severe heat wave condition.
  • Additionally, if the actual maximum temperature remains 45°C or more irrespective of normal maximum temperature, a heat wave is declared.

What are the possible health Impacts of Heat Waves?

  • The health impacts of Heat Waves typically involve dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke.
  • It also causes heat cramps, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and sweating.
  • The extreme temperatures and resultant atmospheric conditions adversely affect people living in these regions as they cause physiological stress, sometimes resulting in death.

What you should know about India Meteorological Department (IMD)?

  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
  • It is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting and seismology.
  • IMD is headquartered in Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica. Regional offices are at Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur and Pune.
  • IMD is also one of the six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organization.
  • It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.


Modified PM Vaya Vandana Yojana

Current Affairs 26th may

Source | The Hindu Businessline


GS Paper II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.



modified PM Vyay Vandana Yojana; current affairs 26th may

Key Takeaways

  • This plan will be available for sale commencing from May 26 for 3 financial yearsup to March 31, 2023.
  • LIC is solely authorised to operate this scheme, which works as a Non-Linked, Non-Participating, Pension Scheme subsidised by the Centre.

Read More: Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)


What you need to know about modified PM Vaya Vandana Yojana (Modified-2020) Scheme?

Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) announced the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (Modified- 2020) Scheme. This plan will be available for sale commencing from May 26 for 3 financial yearsup to March 31, 2023.

  • This scheme can be purchased offline as well as online from LIC of India.
  • The Union Cabinet had earlier this month extended the PMVVY or Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana, which is a social security scheme for senior citizens.
  • LIC is solely authorised to operate this scheme, which works as a Non-Linked, Non-Participating, Pension Scheme subsidised by the Centre.
  • The policy term is of 10 years and for policies sold during the first financial year — up to March 31, 2021, the scheme will provide an assured rate of return of 7.40 per cent per annum payable monthly (which is equivalent to 7.66 per cent per annum) for the entire duration of 10 years.

Read More: Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana



Benefits Under the Scheme

  • Initially the scheme will provide an assured rate of return of 7.40 % per annum for the year 2020-21 per annum and thereafter to be reset every year.
  • Pension is payable at the end of each period, during the policy term of 10 years, as per the frequency of monthly/ quarterly/ half-yearly/ yearly as chosen by the pensioner at the time of purchase.
  • The scheme is exempted from GST.
  • On survival of the pensioner to the end of the policy term of 10 years, purchase price along with final pension installment shall be payable.
  • Loan upto 75% of Purchase Price shall be allowed after 3 policy years (to meet the liquidity needs).
  • Loan interest shall be recovered from the pension installments and loan to be recovered from claim proceeds.
  • The scheme also allows for premature exit for the treatment of any critical/ terminal illness of self or spouse. On such premature exit, 98% of the Purchase Price shall be refunded.
  • On death of the pensioner during the policy term of 10 years, the Purchase Price shall be paid to the beneficiary.
  • The ceiling of maximum pension is for a family as a whole, the family will comprise of pensioner, his/her spouse and dependants.
  • The shortfall owing to the difference between the interest guaranteed and the actual interest earned and the expenses relating to administration shall be subsidized by the Government of India and reimbursed to the Corporation.

Eligibility under the Scheme

  1. Minimum Entry Age: 60 years (completed)
  2. Maximum Entry Age: No limit
  3. Policy Term : 10 years
  4. Investment limit : Rs 15 lakh per senior citizen
  5. Minimum Pension: Rs. 1,000/- per month
    • Rs. 3,000/- per quarter
    • Rs.6,000/- per half-year
    • Rs.12,000/- per year.
  6. Maximum Pension: Rs. 12,000/- per month
    • Rs. 30,000/- per quarter
    • Rs. 60,000/- per half-year
    • Rs. 1,20,000/- per year


Also Read: Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)


Subscribe to our newsletter!


INDIATHINKERS is now on TELEGRAM as ExamGuideUpsc. Join our Channel to get the latest posts updates and other important quiz and pdf materials.



Print Friendly, PDF & Email