Tigers and Tourism | 22nd Webinar Series
Source | Press Information Bureau
GS Paper III: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Context: 22nd edition of Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series was recently organized by the Ministry of Tourism. This time the webinar was titled ‘Tigers and Tourism’.
- The session was presented by Mr. Sandesh Kadur, an eminent wildlife conservation photographer and filmmaker, National Geographic Fellow, winner of BAFTA in photography and an EMMY nominee for outstanding cinematography.
Also Read: PROJECT TIGER 1973 | EXPLAINED
What you need to know about Tiger population in India?
70% of world’s tiger population is found in diverse habitats of India with about 15 species of big cats presently existing in 50 reserves spread across the country. India with 50 tiger reserves in 18 states has over 80% of the global tiger population which stands at 3,159.
- According to the latest tiger estimation report of 2018, India now has as many as 2,967 tigers in the wild, with more than half of them in Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
- The range for the total tiger population in the wild is 2,603-3,346. The population has increased by nearly 33% since the last census in 2014 when the total estimate was 2,226.
- The count has decreased drastically from 46 to 19 in Chhattisgarh.
- In Odisha, it has been on a continual decline over the years and now stands at 28.
- According to official records, the 24% mortality among tigers is due to poaching.
- Madhya Pradesh showed the highest increase of 218 tigers, reaching an estimated 526, followed by Karnataka with 524.
- The numbers have also increased in Uttarakhand (442), Maharashtra (312) and Tamil Nadu (264).
- The tiger bearing habitats were divided into five landscape regions
- Shivalik-Gangetic plains,
- Central India and the Eastern Ghats,
- Western Ghats,
- North Eastern Hills and Brahmaputra Flood Plains
- The Sundarbans.
- No tigers were found in Buxa (West Bengal), Dampa (Mizoram) and Palamau (Jharkhand).
- As per the government records, the total numbers have been increasing at a rate of 6% every year i.e., from 1,411 in 2006 to 2,226 in 2014.
- India along with 12 other tiger range countries had committed to doubling the population of tigers in their respective countries by 2022, as part of the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) programme Tx2.
Read More: REPORT ON STATUS OF TIGER
- Tigers are globally listed as “Endangered” on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.
- The Malayan and Sumatran sub-species are listed as “Critically Endangered.”
- Tiger has been protected under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) since 1 July 1975 which means commercial international trade in tiger is prohibited.
- At the Tiger Summit held in St Petersburg, Russia in November 2010, the 13 tiger range countries adopted a Global Tiger Recovery Program.
List of Tiger Range Countries?
The 13 Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) are Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam. The 13 TRC who are CITES member states recently held a conference in Russia and jointly vowed to double the estimated number of tigers left in the wild (3200).
Read More: 20th Webinar Series – Dekho Apna Desh
What is Tx2 programme of World Wildlife Foundation?
An ambitious and visionary species conservation goal was set by the governments of the 13 tiger range countries: to double the number of wild tigers by 2022 – the next Chinese year of the tiger. This is the Tx2 goal.
6,000+ wild tigers is the global goal set at the Tiger Summit and the goal WWF is dedicated to.
What has been the success so far?
- Wild tiger numbers have increased for the first time globally! As of April 2016, there are now estimated to be 3890 tigers in the wild. The increase in numbers is a result of new areas being included in national surveys, improved survey techniques as well as growth in the population from conservation efforts.
- India, Russia, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh have all carried out comprehensive national tiger surveys, giving a clear picture of their wild tiger populations – a crucial step towards Tx2.
- Exciting camera trap footage from 2014, along with long term studies, have shown that tigers are returning to Northeast China. China is currently undertaking its first national tiger survey.
- Nepal became the first country in the world to achieve Zero Poaching. 2013 saw a full year of zero poaching of not only tigers, but rhinos and elephants too.
- The country hosted the Towards Zero Poaching Symposium, bringing together delegates from the 13 tiger countries as well as experts from local and international NGO’s and partners to share best practice knowledge in the effort to combat the escalating illegal wildlife trade.
- Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) has been developed and two sites have become accredited; Chitwan National Park in Nepal and Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve in Russia.
- The Ranger Federation of Asia (RFA) was founded in 2013 as a way to connect and improve the working standards of the frontline staff who protect Asia’s wildlife
Also Read: 18th Webinar Series – Dekho Apna Desh
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