Shiv Linga discovered by ASI

Shiv Linga unearthed by Archaeological Survey of India

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed a Shiv Linga or representation of the Hindu deity Shiva dating back to the 9th century at Cham temple complex in Vietnam during restoration work.

Shiv Linga unearthed by Archaeological Survey of India

Top Current Affairs 28th May 2020

Source | Hindustan Times


GS Paper I: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.



Shiv Linga discovered by ASI

Key Takeaways

  • The development underscored the “civilisational connect” between the two countries and was also a “great cultural example of India’s development partnership.”
  • The Cham Temple complex is a part of the UNESCO world heritage site of My Son in Quang Nam province of Vietnam.
  • The temples are dedicated to the worship of the god Shiva, known under various local names, the most important of which is Bhadreshvara.

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Context: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed a Shiv Linga or representation of the Hindu deity Shiva dating back to the 9th century at Cham temple complex in Vietnam during restoration work.

  • The development underscored the “civilisational connect” between the two countries and was also a “great cultural example of India’s development partnership.”

Key details about the Excavation of Shiv Linga

The Shiv Linga or the Representation of the Hindu Deity “SHIVA” has been unearthed by the Archaeological Survey of India at Cham temple complex, Vietnam.

  • The Cham Temple complex is a part of the UNESCO world heritage site of My Son in Quang Nam province of Vietnam.
  • It was built in the 9th century AD during the reign of King Indravarman II, who was also responsible for the famous Dong Duong Buddhist monastery in the same region.
  • French experts discovered the temple complex in a dilapidated condition in 1903-04.
  • During excavations at that time, French archaeologists had described the presence of a Shiv Linga in the group of temples that is currently being renovated.
  • However, due to limited excavation capabilities in those days, this Shiv Linga could not be recovered.
  • Subsequently, political disturbances and wars in Vietnam led to destruction of the temple complex.
  • The external affairs ministry created a new Development Partnership Division (DPA-IV) in January to coordinate and undertake culture and heritage conservation projects abroad.


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About My Son in Quang Nam province of Vietnam

Mỹ Sơn is a cluster of abandoned and partially ruined Hindu temples in Quảng Nam province, central Vietnam, constructed between the 4th and the 14th century by the Kings of Champa, an Indianized kingdom of the Cham people.

  • The temples are dedicated to the worship of the god Shiva, known under various local names, the most important of which is Bhadreshvara.
  • From the 4th to the 14th century AD, the valley at Mỹ Sơn was a site of religious ceremony for kings of the ruling dynasties of Champa, as well as a burial place for Cham royalty and national heroes.
  • The Mỹ Sơn temple complex is regarded one of the foremost Hindu temple complexes in Southeast Asia and is the foremost heritage site of this nature in Vietnam.
  • As of 1999, Mỹ Sơn has been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site.
  • At its 23rd meeting, UNESCO accorded Mỹ Sơn this recognition pursuant to its criterion C (II), as an example of evolution and change in culture, and pursuant to its criterion C (III), as evidence of an Asian civilization which is now extinct.
  • Most of the temples at Mỹ Sơn were made of red brick, and only one was made of stone.

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