Sample Registration System Bulletin
GS Paper II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Context: Registrar General of India recently released its Sample Registration System Bulletin based on data collected for 2018.
“Madhya Pradesh has the worst infant mortality rate of 48 per one thousand in the country while Nagaland has the best at 4 per one thousand.“
The SRS is a demographic survey for providing reliable annual estimates of infant mortality rate, birth rate, death rate and other fertility and mortality indicators at the national and sub-national levels.
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What are the key findings of the Sample Registration System Bulletin?
- The national birth rate in 2018 stood at 20 per one thousand of the population.
- Bihar has the highest birth rate at 26.2.
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands is at the bottom with a birth rate of 11.2.
- At an all-India level, the birth rate is higher in rural areas (21.6) compared to urban areas (16.7).
- The national death rate in 2018 stood at 6.2 per one thousand of the population.
- Chhattisgarh has the highest death rate at 8.
- Delhi has a rate of 3.3, indicating better healthcare facilities.
- At an all-India level, the death rate is higher in rural areas (6.7) compared to urban areas (5.1).
Infant mortality rate (IMR)
- The national IMR in 2018 stood at 32 per one thousand of the population.
- The IMR at an all-India level has declined from 50 to 32 in the last decade.
- Madhya Pradesh has the worst infant mortality rate of 48 per one thousand in the country while Nagaland has the best at 4 per one thousand.
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PRELIMS Background Bites
What is Sample Registration Bulletin (SRS)?
- In the late 1960s, the Government of India initiated the Sample Registration System (SRS).
- SRS aims to provide reliable estimates of birth and death rates for the States and also at All India level.
- At present, the Sample Registration System (SRS) provides reliable annual data on fertility and mortality at the state and national levels for rural and urban areas separately.
- In this survey, the sample units, villages in rural areas and urban blocks in urban areas are replaced once in ten years.
- The data largely reflects past trends as far as the position of states is concerned with marginal improvements at national level on health indices.
- Initiated on a pilot basis by the Registrar General of India in a few states in 1964-65, it became fully operational during 1969-70.
About Registrar General of India
Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, founded in 1961 by Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs, for arranging, conducting and analysing the results of the demographic surveys of India including Census of India and Linguistic Survey of India.
- The position of Registrar is usually held by a civil servant holding the rank of Joint Secretary.
- RGCCI (population survey and language survey) as well as ASI (archaeology), AnSI (Anthropological Survey of India), BSI (botany), FSI (forests), FiSI (fisheries), GSI (geology), IIEE (ecology), NIO (oceanography), SI (cartography) and ZSI (zoology) are key national survey organisations of India.
- The first census of India was conducted in the 1870s and attempted to collect data across as much of the country as was feasible.
- The first of the decennial censuses took place in 1881.
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