R&D Statistics and Indicators 2019-20
GS Paper III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
TOPIC: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Context: India’s gross expenditure in R&D has tripled between 2008 & 2018 driven mainly by Govt sector and scientific publications.
Key Highlights of R&D Statistics and Indicators 2019-20
The R&D Statistics and Indicators 2019-20 based on the national S&T survey 2018 has been brought out by the National Science and Technology Management Information (NSTMIS), Department of Science and Technology (DST).
- The report on R&D indicators for the nation is an extraordinarily important document for the evidence-based policy making and planning in higher education, R&D activities and support, intellectual property, and industrial competitiveness.
- The report captures the R&D landscape of the country through various Input-Output S&T Indicators in the form of Tables and graphs. These includes:
- Investments in national R&D;
- R&D investments by Government and Private sector;
- R&D relationship with economy (GDP);
- Enrollment of S&T personnel;
- Manpower engaged in R&D;
- Outrun of S&T personnel, papers published, patents and their international S&T comparisons.
- India’s gross expenditure in R&D has tripled between 2008 & 2018.
- India spent 0.7% of its GDP on R&D in 2017-18, while the same among other developing BRICS countries was Brazil 1.3%, Russian Federation 1.1%, China 2.1% and South Africa 0.8%.
- Extramural R&D support by central S&T agencies has increased significantly.
- DST and DBT were the two major players contributing 63% and 14%, respectively of the total extramural R&D support in the country during 2016-17.
- The number of researchers per mn populations has doubled since 2000.
- India occupies 3rd rank in terms of number of Ph. D.’s awarded in Science and Engineering (S&E) after USA (39,710 in 2016) and China (34,440 in 2015).
- India is placed 3rd among countries in scientific publication as per NSF database.
- During 2018, India was ranked at 3rd, 5th and 9th in scientific publication output as per the NSF, SCOPUS and SCI database respectively
- India is ranked at 9th position in terms of Resident Patent Filing activity in the world.
- During 2017-18 a total of 47,854 patents were filed in India. Out of which, 15,550 (32%) patents were filed by Indian residents.
- Patent applications filed in India are dominated by disciplines like Mechanical, Chemical, Computer/Electronics, and Communication.
- According to WIPO, India’s Patent Office stands at the 7th position among the top 10 Patent Filing Offices in the world
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