Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana
Source | The Hindu
GS Paper II: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Context: Chhattisgarh Governnment launched the Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana, by transferring Rs 1,500 crore into the accounts of more than 18,000 farmers.
Read More: Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
What you need to know about the Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana?
The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana aims to ensure minimum income availability to farmers growing one rabi and 13 kharif season crops in the state. It is similar to the Nyuntam Aay Yojana (NYAY) that was proposed by Rahul Gandhi in the last Lok Sabha polls.
- This was the first installment of a Rs 5,750-crore scheme, meant to benefit farmers sowing 14 types of crops.
- The Scheme was launched by the Congress President Sonia Gandhi to mark the 29th death anniversary of the late Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi who was martyred in 1991.
- The Congress government has already transferred nearly Rs 40,700 crore into the accounts of farmers in form of payment against paddy procurement, loan waiver, crop insurance claim, irrigation tax waver and bonus.
- The government had promised a sum of Rs 2,500 per quintal to the paddy farmer last year, which was Rs 1,300 more than the central government’s price.
- Further, as part of the scheme, an exchange grant of Rs 13,000 per acre will be provided for sugarcane farming and Rs 10,000 per acre for paddy farming.
- The assistance shall be provided in a proportionate manner from Kharif 2019 season, depending on the quantity acquired through the cooperative society.
- Under this scheme, 18, 34, 834 farmers will be provided Rs 1,500 crore as the first installment for paddy crop.
- Similarly, for sugarcane crop, payment of maximum Rs 355 per quintal will be made depending on the quantity of sugarcane purchased by the cooperative mill in the crushing year 2019-20.
Few Points you need to remember about Chhattisgarh from Prelims perspective
Being a resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced as well as a large contributor of coal.
Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India. The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning 10 Chhattisgarhi and 6 Gondi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh.
- Bordering States: Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the south, and Odisha in the southeast.
- State Animal: Van Bhainsa, or wild Asian buffalo.
- State Bird: Pahari Myna, or Hill Myna.
- State Tree: Sal (Sarai) found in Bastar division.
- Deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests cover roughly 44% of the state.
- The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. The other main rivers are Hasdeo (a tributary of Mahanadi), Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and Shivnath.
- In ancient times, this region was known as Dakshina Kosala.
- This area also finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata.
- One of the earliest statues of Vishnu has been excavated from Shunga period site at Malhar.
- The Bastar region of Chhattisgarh was invaded by Rajendra Chola I and Kulothunga Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.
- Chhattisgarh was under Maratha rule (Bhonsales of Nagpur) from 1741 to 1845 AD.
- It came under British rule from 1845 to 1947 as the Chhattisgarh Division of the Central Provinces.
- The area constituting the new state merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 and remained a part of that state for 44 years.
Geography and Economy
- Chhattisgarh State is ranked as the 17th-largest tea-producing state in India.
- Agriculture is counted as the chief economic occupation of the state.
- The main crops are rice, maize, kodo-kutki and other small millets and pulses (tuar and kulthi); oilseeds, such as groundnuts (peanuts), soybeans and sunflowers, are also grown.
- Chhattisgarh is also called the “rice bowl of central India”.
- Chhattisgarh is rich in minerals. It produces 50% of the country’s total cement production.
- It has the highest output of coal in the country with second-highest reserves.
- It is third in iron ore production and first in tin production.
- Limestone, dolomite and bauxite are abundant.
- It is the only tin ore-producing state in India.
- Other commercially extracted minerals include corandum, garnet, quartz, marble, alexandrite and diamonds.
- The major exports products include steel, handicrafts, handlooms, blended yarn, food and agri-products, iron, aluminium, cement, minerals, and engineering products.
- With the exception of the hilly states of the north-east, Chhattisgarh has one of highest shares of Scheduled Tribe (ST) populations within a state, accounting for about 10% of the STs in India. Scheduled Tribes make up 30.62% of the population.
- According to the 2011 census, 93.25% of Chhattisgarh’s population practised Hinduism, while 2.02% followed Islam, 1.92% followed Christianity.
- The official languages of the state are Chhattisgarhi and Hindi.
- Chhattisgarh has a high female-male sex ratio (991) ranking at the fifth position among other states of India.
- Chhattisgarh is known for “Kosa silk” and “lost wax art”.
- Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Chaitra, Kaksar, Saila, Khamb-swang, Bhatra Naat, Rahas, Raai, Maao-Pata and Soowa are the several indigenous dance styles of Chhattisgarh.
- India’s first man-made jungle safari is also situated in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh.
Subscribe to our newsletter!
INDIATHINKERS is now on TELEGRAM as ExamGuideUpsc. Join our Channel to get the latest posts updates and other important quiz and pdf materials.