Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy | Birth Anniversary

The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, paid homage to Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy | Birth Anniversary

Source | Press Information Bureau


GS Paper I: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

Context: The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, paid homage to Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy


Who is Neelam Sanjiva Reddy?

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (19 May 1913 – 1 June 1996) was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982. He was also the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a two-time Speaker of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister—before becoming the youngest-ever Indian president.

  • As president, Reddy worked with Prime Ministers Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi.
  • Reddy was succeeded by Giani Zail Singh in 1982.

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Role in the Indian independence movement

  • Reddy joined the Indian struggle for independence from the British Raj following Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to Anantapur in July 1929 and dropped out of college in 1931.
  • He was closely associated with the Youth League and participated in a student satyagraha.
  • In 1938, Reddy was elected Secretary of the Andhra Pradesh Provincial Congress Committee, an office he held for ten years.
  • During the Quit India Movement, he was imprisoned and was mostly in jail between 1940 and 1945.
  • Released in March 1942, he was arrested again in August and sent to the Amraoti jail where he served time with activists T Prakasam, S. Satyamurti, K Kamaraj and V V Giri till 1945.
  • Reddy served thrice as President of the Indian National Congress at its Bangalore, Bhavnagar and Patna sessions during 1960 to 1962.

Commemoration

  • The Postal Department of India released a commemorative stamp and special cover in honour of Reddy on the occasion of his birth centenary.
  • In Hyderabad, there is the Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy College of Education.

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