Neelam Sanjiva Reddy | Birth Anniversary
Source | Press Information Bureau
GS Paper I: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
Context: The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, paid homage to Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Who is Neelam Sanjiva Reddy?
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (19 May 1913 – 1 June 1996) was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982. He was also the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a two-time Speaker of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister—before becoming the youngest-ever Indian president.
- As president, Reddy worked with Prime Ministers Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi.
- Reddy was succeeded by Giani Zail Singh in 1982.
Role in the Indian independence movement
- Reddy joined the Indian struggle for independence from the British Raj following Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to Anantapur in July 1929 and dropped out of college in 1931.
- He was closely associated with the Youth League and participated in a student satyagraha.
- In 1938, Reddy was elected Secretary of the Andhra Pradesh Provincial Congress Committee, an office he held for ten years.
- During the Quit India Movement, he was imprisoned and was mostly in jail between 1940 and 1945.
- Released in March 1942, he was arrested again in August and sent to the Amraoti jail where he served time with activists T Prakasam, S. Satyamurti, K Kamaraj and V V Giri till 1945.
- Reddy served thrice as President of the Indian National Congress at its Bangalore, Bhavnagar and Patna sessions during 1960 to 1962.
- The Postal Department of India released a commemorative stamp and special cover in honour of Reddy on the occasion of his birth centenary.
- In Hyderabad, there is the Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy College of Education.
Also Read: Sikkim Statehood Day Celebrated
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