National Migrant Information System (NMIS)
Source | Press Information Bureau
GS Paper II: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Context: National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has developed an online Dashboard – National Migrant Information System (NMIS) to capture the information regarding movement of migrants and facilitate the smooth movement of stranded persons across States amid COVID-19.
Also Read: Migrant Workers Coronavirus package
What you need to know about National Migrant Information System (NMIS)?
- The online portal would maintain a central repository on migrant workers and help in speedy inter-State communication/co-ordination to facilitate their smooth movement to native places.
- It has additional advantages like contact tracing, which may be useful in overall COVID-19 response work.
- The key data pertaining to the persons migrating has been standardized for uploading such as name, age, mobile no., originating and destination district, date of travel etc., which States are already collecting.
- States will be able to visualize how many people are going out from where and how many are reaching destination States.
- The mobile numbers of people can be used for contact tracing and movement monitoring during COVID-19.
- Government of India has allowed the movement of migrant workers by buses and ‘Shramik’ special trains to enable them to travel to their native places amid the issues caused by the nationwide lockdown.
PRELIMS Background Bites
About National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
- National Disaster Management Authority is an apex Body of Government of India, with a mandate to lay down policies for disaster management.
- NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India on 23 December 2005.
- NDMA is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices for coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.
- It is headed by the Prime Minister of India and can have up to nine other members. Since 2014, there have been four other members.
- There is a provision to have a Vice Chair-person if needed.
- It works closely with the National Institute of Disaster Management for capacity building.
- It is headquartered in New Delhi.
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