Hydroxychloroquine and Frontline Workers
Source | The Hindu
GS Paper III: Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
- Hydroxychloroquine is an anti-malarial drug that is also used to treat other auto immune diseases.
- Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used to prevent and treat malaria in areas where malaria remains sensitive to chloroquine.
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Context: After some promising results on the efficacy of prophylactic use of Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) against COVID-19 infection, the Central government has expanded the use of the medicine as prophylaxis to healthcare and other frontline workers deployed in non-COVID and COVID area.
The Ministry has noted that studies on the prophylaxis of the SARS-CoV-2 infection at the ICMR has found there is a significant dose-response relationship between the number of prophylactic doses taken and frequency of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in symptomatic healthcare workers tested for infection.
What you need to know about Hydroxychloroquine?
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used to prevent and treat malaria in areas where malaria remains sensitive to chloroquine.
HCQ is being studied to prevent and treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). High quality evidence of benefit for such use is currently lacking, with concerns of potential harms from side effects.
Common side effects may include vomiting, headache, changes in vision, and muscle weakness. Severe side effects may include allergic reactions, vision problems, and heart problems.
It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system.
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