Geographical Indication Tag for two more Products
GS Paper I: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Context: Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar painting and Telangana’s Telia Rumal were given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry headquartered in Chennai.
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About Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar Painting and Telangana’s Telia Rumal
Sohrai Khovar Paintings of Jharkhand
The Sohrai Khovar painting is a traditional and ritualistic mural art being practised by local tribal women during local harvest and marriage seasons using local, naturally available soils of different colours in the area of Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.
- The Sohrai Khovar painting is primarily being practised only in the district of Hazaribagh. However, in recent years, for promotional purposes, it has been seen in other parts of Jharkhand.
- Traditionally painted on the walls of mud houses, they are now seen on other surfaces, too.
- The style features a profusion of lines, dots, animal figures and plants, often representing religious iconography.
- In recent years, the walls of important public places in Jharkhand, such as the Birsa Munda Airport in Ranchi, and the Hazaribagh and Tatanagar Railway Stations, among others, have been decorated with Sohrai-Khovar paintings.
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Telia Rumal of Telangana
Telia Rumal cloth involves intricate handmade work with cotton loom displaying a variety of designs and motifs in three particular colours — red, black and white.
- Telia Rumal is a method for the oil treatment of yarn.
- It originated from Pochampalli in Telangana.
- It is an art of Ikat tradition using natural vegetable dyes.
- Some noted designers like Gajams are popular for Telia Rumal designs.
- Telia Rumal can only be created using the traditional handloom process and not by any other mechanical means as otherwise, the very quality of the Rumal would be lost.
- During the Nizam’s dynasty, Puttapaka, a small, backward village of the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh had about 20 families engaged in handloom weaving, who were patronised by rich Muslim families and the Nizam rulers.
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PRELIMS Background Bites
What is a Geographical Indication?
- GI Tag is an indication or symbol to recognize the origin of a product.
- GI Tag is used to ensure good quality of agricultural, natural, or manufactured goods.
- The manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory for which the GI is issued.
What are the benefits of receiving a geographical indication tag?
- It prevents duplication of the tagged products so in another way it provides legal protection to Geographical Indications in India.
- The good quality of the products opens the international door for the producers.
- Increases the revenue of the producers and employment in the region.
Who is an authorised user of the GI tag?
- A producer of goods can apply for registration of GI Tag. If GI tag is issued to him then he/she is called the authorised user of the GI tag. No other individual/area can use this tag.
Who can apply for the registration of the GI tag?
- Any individual producer, the association of persons, organisation, or authority established by or under the law can apply to get GI tag. However, the application should be written in the proper format along with prescribed fee.
Is registration received once is valid for a lifetime?
- No, The registration of a geographical indication is valid only for a period of 10 years although it can be renewed from time to time for a further period of 10 years each.
Can a registered geographical indication be assigned or transferred to somebody else?
- No. A geographical indication is a public property of a particular area or state. It shall not be assigned or transferred, pledged, mortgaged to others.
- If the authorised user of GI tag dies, his right transfers on his successor in title.
Can a registered authorised user be removed from the register?
- Yes. The GI tag issuing authority or the Registrar of Geographical Indications can remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register.
- The registration can also be cancelled (if found guilty) on the application of an aggrieved person.
How a Geographical indication tag is regulated in India?
- India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003.
- GIs have been defined under Article 22 (1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement as:
- “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.”
SOME GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION IN INDIA IN 2019-20
- Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India, in 2004–2005.
- Various products from different states received GI tags in 2019 which includes Jeeraphool from Chhattisgarh, Himachali Kala Zeera, Kandhamal Haldi from Odisha, etc. the complete list of geographical indications tagged products for 2019-2020 is given below:
|Kodaikanal Malai Poondu||Agricultural||Tamil Nadu|
|Palani Panchamirtham||Food Stuff||Tamil Nadu|
|Gulbarga Tur Dal||Agricultural||Karnataka|
|Tirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila)||Agricultural||Kerala|
|Idu Mishmi Textiles||Handicraft||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Dindigul Locks||Manufactured||Tamil Nadu|
|Kandangi Saree||Handicraft||Tamil Nadu|
|Srivilliputtur Palkova||Food Stuff||Tamil Nadu|
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