Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed | Birth Anniversary Celebrated
GS Paper I: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
Context: President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind pays Homage to Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, President of India on his birth anniversary.
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Who was Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed?
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (13 May 1905 – 11 February 1977) was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the fifth President of India from 1974 to 1977 and also the 2nd President of India to die in office. [First being Dr. Zakir Husain who died on 3 May 1969, the first Indian President to die in office.]
- In 1925, he met Jawaharlal Nehru in England.
- He joined the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the Indian Freedom Movement.
- In 1942 he was arrested during the Quit India Movement and sentenced to 3.5 years’ imprisonment.
- He was a member of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee from 1936-74
- He was also a member of All India Congress Committee (AICC) from 1947 to 1974.
- He remained the Minister of Finance, Revenue and labour in 1948 Gopinath Bordoloi Ministry.
- He was chosen for the presidency by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1974, and on 20 August 1974, he became the second Muslim to be elected President of India.
- He is known to have issued the proclamation of emergency.
- He used his constitutional authority as head of state to allow him to rule by decree once the Emergency in India was proclaimed in 1975.
PRELIMS Background Bites
PRESIDENT UNDER INDIAN CONSTITUTION
- The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
- The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.
- Although the Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the help of the Council of Ministers.
- The president is bound by the constitution to act on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution.
- Article 52-62, Article 72 and Articles 352-360 are some of the Articles of Indian Constitution which deals with the President.
READ MORE | RAJA RAVI VARMA – BIRTH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED
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