20th Webinar Series – Dekho Apna Desh
Source | Press Information Bureau
GS Paper I: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Context: The 20th session of the Dekho Apna Desh webinar series on 16th May 2020 titled “Uttarakhand Simply Heaven” highlighted the potential of tourism in Uttarakhand.
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Key Highlights of the 20th Webinar Series of Dekho Apna Desh
- Potentially the two regions namely Kedar Khand (Garhwal Region) and Manu Khand (Kumaon Region) were focused during the webinar.
- The webinar also touched upon the popular destination like Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Hemkhund Sahib and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Valley of Flowers.
- Uttarakhand’s Adventure Tourism Potential such as river rafting at Rishikesh and Pittoragarh, winter sports and skiing in Auli, Paragliding at Tehri Dam and Kaushani, innumerable options for trekking available such as Chopta and Pindari Glacier and India’s highest bungee jumping facility in Rishikesh were highlighted by the presenters.
- The session also presented options for experiencing the best of nature by paying a visit to the oldest national park of the country- Jim Corbett National Park, Rajaji Tiger Reserve and UNESCO site of Nanda Devi National Park-exploring the rich diversity of floral and fauna of Himalayan Region.
- The Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series sessions are conducted with active support of National e-Governance Division (NeGD) of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY).
Read More: 15th Webinar Series of Dekho Apna Desh
PRELIMS Background Bites
What you should know about Uttarakhand?
- Uttarakhand formerly known as Uttaranchal, is also often referred to as the “Devabhumi” due to numerous Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state.
- BORDERING STATES AND COUNTRIES: It borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.
- The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts.
- The winter capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city of the state, which is a rail head.
- On 4 March 2020, Gairsain, a town in Chamoli District, was declared the summer capital of the state.
- The High Court of the state is located in Nainital.
- Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times.
- The region formed a part of the Uttarakuru Kingdom during the Vedic age of Ancient India.
- Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region.
- In 1816, most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli.
- On 24 September 1998, the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council passed the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, which began the process of forming a new state.
- Uttarakhand is also well known for the mass agitation of the 1970s that led to the formation of the Chipko environmental movement and other social movements.
- Gaura Devi was the main activist who started this movement other participants were Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Sunderlal Bahuguna, and Ghanshyam Raturi, the popular Chipko poet.
- Two years later the Parliament of India passed the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 and thus, on 9 November 2000, Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India.
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- Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri.
- The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent.
- National parks in Uttarakhand include the Jim Corbett National Park (the oldest national park of India) in Nainital and Pauri Garhwal District, and Valley of Flowers National Park & Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, which together are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Rajaji National Park in Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal District and Govind Pashu Vihar National Park & Gangotri National Park in Uttarkashi District are some other protected areas in the state.
- In June 2013 several days of extremely heavy rain caused devastating floods in the region, resulting in more than 5000 people missing and presumed dead.
Read More: 18th Webinar Series – Dekho Apna Desh
- The state is the 20th most populous state of the country having 0.83% of the population on 1.63% of the land.
- The population density of the state is 189 people per square kilometre having a 2001–2011 decadal growth rate of 18.81%.
- The gender ratio is 963 females per 1000 males.
- Uttarakhand has the highest percentage of Brahmins of any state in India, with approx 20% of the population being Brahmin.
- The official language of Uttarakhand is Hindi.
- Additionally, the classical language Sanskrit has been declared a second official language.
- The other major regional languages of Uttarakhand are Garhwali (23%), Kumaoni (20%), and Jaunsari (1.3%).
ART AND CULTURE
- Pahari painting is a form of painting that flourished in the region between the 17th and 19th century.
- Mola Ram started the Garhwal Branch of the Kangra school of painting.
- Indian independence activists and social-environmental activists: Gaura Devi, Govind Ballabh Pant, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Deep Joshi, Kalu Singh Mahara, Mukandi Lal, Shri Dev Suman, Sunderlal Bahuguna and Vandana Shiva are also from Uttarakhand.
- Langvir Nritya is a dance form for males that resembles gymnastic movements.
- Other well-known dances include Hurka Baul, Jhora-Chanchri, Chhapeli, Thadya, Jhumaila, Pandav, Chauphula, and Chholiya.
- Popular types of folk songs include Mangal, Basanti, Khuder and Chhopati.
- One of the major Hindu pilgrimages, Haridwar Kumbh Mela, takes place in Uttarakhand.
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- The Uttarakhand state is the second fastest growing state in India.
- Agriculture is one of the most significant sectors of the economy of Uttarakhand. Other key industries include tourism and hydropower.
- During 2005–2006, the state successfully developed three Integrated Industrial Estates (IIEs) at Haridwar, Pantnagar, and Sitarganj.
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