The U.S. State Department has approved two potential missile deals with India, for an estimated $92 million and $63 million.

Context: As per the Indo-US Missile deal, the U.S. State Department has approved two potential missile deals with India, for an estimated $92 million and $63 million.


Key Highlights about Indo-US Missile Deal

  • The first deal, for which Boeing is the contractor, is for 10 AGM-84L Harpoon Block II air-launched missiles and related equipment. These missiles can be fitted onto Boeing’s P-8I (Poseidon-Eight India) maritime patrol aircraft.
  • The second deal, for $63 million and principally contracted with Raytheon Integrated Defense System, is for
    • 16 MK 54 All Up Round Lightweight Torpedoes (LWT);
    • 3 MK 54 Exercise Torpedoes (MK 54 LWT Kit procurement required); and
    • 2 Recoverable Exercise Torpedoes (REXTORP).
  • There are no known offset agreements for both deals and any offset agreement will be defined in negotiations between India and the contractors.
  • While the Harpoon missiles will be manufactured by Boeing, the torpedoes would be supplied by Raytheon.
  • The proposed sale, it said, will improve India’s capability to meet current and future threat from enemy weapon system.
  • The MK 54 Lightweight Torpedo will provide the capability to conduct anti-submarine warfare missions.

India’s Military relation with United States

  • The U.S. has four “foundational” agreements that it signs with its defence partners. The Pentagon describes the agreements as “routine instruments that the U.S. uses to promote military cooperation with partner-nations”.
  • These agreements are not prerequisites for bilateral defence co-operation, but would make it simpler and more cost-effective to carry out activities such as refueling aircraft or ships in each other’s countries and providing disaster relief.

General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA)

  • The first of the four agreements, the General Security Of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA), was signed by India and the U.S. in 2002.
  • The agreement enables the sharing of military intelligence between the two countries and requires each country to protect the others’ classified information.

Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA)

  • The second agreement, the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), was signed by the two countries on 29 August 2016.
  • The LEMOA permits the military of either country to use the others’ bases for re-supplying or carrying out repairs.
  • The agreement does not make the provision of logistical support binding on either country, and requires individual clearance for each request.

Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA)

  • The third agreement, Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) was signed during the inaugural 2+2 dialogue in September 2018.
  • It is an India-specific variant of Communications and Information Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) that enables the two countries to share secure communication and exchange information on approved equipment during bilateral and multinational training exercises and operations.

Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA)

  • The fourth agreement, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) has not yet been signed.
  • It permits the exchange of unclassified and controlled unclassified geospatial products, topographical, nautical, and aeronautical data, products and services between India and the US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA).
  • Defence Minister Manohar Parikkar stated at the signing of the LEMOA that India would eventually sign the remaining agreements
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