COVID 19: NEARLY 1 BILLION PEOPLE CONFINED TO HOME

COVID 19: NEARLY 1
BILLION PEOPLE CONFINED TO HOME

COVID 19: NEARLY 1 BILLION PEOPLE CONFINED TO HOME
SOURCE: THE HINDU

TABLE OF CONTENTS

    A total of approximately one billion people worldwide
    were confined to their homes after the death toll crosses the 11,000 mark as on
    21st March 2020. Following this, United States has rolled out lockdown measures
    which are already in place in areas across Europe.

    How this virus has affected lives?

    This pandemic has completely shattered lives across the
    globe, restricting movement of the individual, shutting schools and colleges
    and forcing a huge number of people to work from home. This virus death toll
    has passed the 11,000 mark with 4,000 alone in worst-hit Italy where the daily
    number of fatalities has shot up relentlessly over the past week (approximately
    800 on 21st March 2020). According to an official record, an estimated 900
    million people are now confined to their homes in approximately 35 countries
    across the globe which also includes 600 million who are hemmed in by the
    obligatory government lockdown orders.

    What is the situation across the globe?

    Italy reported its worst single day death toll on 21st March
    with approximately 793 deaths in a single day taking its total death toll to
    4,825 despite its effort to stem the spread. This nation of 60 million now
    accounts for 36% of the world’s COVID-19 deaths and its death rate of 8.6%
    among confirmed infections is significantly higher than that in most other
    countries.
    France, Italy, Spain and other European countries have
    ordered people to stay at their homes, threatening them with fines in some
    cases.
    Consequently, Bavaria became the first region in Germany to
    order a lock-down. Britain also announced restrictions to pubs, restaurants and
    theatres to shut down immediately. 
    In case of United States, its largest State California –
    with over 1,000 cases and 19 deaths – has also announced for its citizen to
    stay at home. California has been followed by New York State, which has
    reported 7,000 cases and 39 deaths.


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    What is the scenario in India?(As of 22nd March 2020)

    According to the data provided by the Indian Council of
    Medical Research (ICMR), India now has a total of 360 positive
    coronavirus
     cases and a seven people have died from
    the disease. A total of 16,999 samples from 16,109
    individuals 
    have been tested for COVID-19 as of 10:00 am on March
    22. 
    Further, India reported two deaths 
    today from the highly contagious virus – one each in Maharashtra and Bihar 
    taking the tally to seven, as per state authorities. 
    Maharashtra, which has maximum
    cases 
    in the country, witnessed the death of a 63-year-old
    COVID19 patient
     with a chronic history of diabetes, high blood
    pressure and ischemic heart disease. In Bihar, a 38-year-old,
    who passed away due to kidney failure, had been tested positive for
    the virus.
    69-year-old man, who had tested positive for
    COVID-19, passed away in Gujarat’s Surat on 22nd March. It is the first
    death in the state 
    due to the virus and 7th death reported
    in the nation. 
    To check the spread of the coronavirus, the country is
    observing a ‘Janta Curfew’, from 7 am to 9 pm on Prime
    Minister Modi’s
     appeal. The chief ministers of Punjab and Haryana have
    ordered statewide lockdowns till March 31 to
    curb the spread of the virus which has infected over 2 lakh globally.
    In India, 23 people who were tested positive have been
    discharged after treatment, as per Health Ministry figures. 
    As part of the effort to curb the virus, a series of
    steps has been taken by the centre as well as the respective state governments.
    These are as follows:
    • Karnataka government
      has ordered that all public transport will remain cancelled in the state
      on 23rd March as well. All AC bus services will stay suspended till 31
      March. After the Janta curfew concludes at 9 pm, Section
      144 
      will be imposed in the state from 9 pm till midnight. 
    • Centre
      on Sunday asked state governments to impose a complete lockdown in 75
      districts 
      across the country that have reported COVID-19 cases
      and casualties, and suspended all train services, including Metro
      and sub-urban services
      , to contain the infection. Some of the
      prominent cities included in the list are – MumbaiNagpurPuneEast
      Delhi
      North DelhiNorth West Delhi, North East
      Delhi, South Delhi, West Delhi, Ahmedabad, Gurugram, Bangalore, Chennai,
      Hyderabad, Kolkata. 
      Only essential services will operate in
      these 75 districts and state governments have been asked
      to expand the list depending on their assessment of the situation.
    • 15 Uttar
      Pradesh
       districts, including Lucknow to be under
      lockdown till 25 March as announced by the Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi
      Adityanath. These 15 districts includes: Agra, Lucknow, Gautam
      Budh Nagar, Ghaziabad, Moradabad, Varanasi, Lakhimpur Khiri, Bareilly,
      Azamgarh, Kanpur, Meerut, Prayagraj, Aligharh, Gorakhpur 
      and Saharanpur.
    • Delhi
      Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Sunday announced
      that Delhi will be under complete lockdown from
      23rd March 6 am till midnight of 31 March. During the lockdown, no
      public transport 
      will operate and Delhi’s borders will be sealed
      but the essential services related to health, food, water
      and power supply will continue. Dairiesgrocery shopschemists and petrol pumps will
      remain open and persons associated with essential services will be allowed
      to go to their destinations 
      during the lockdown.
    • Telangana
      chief minister K Chandrasekhar Rao
       has
      declared a lockdown till 31 March in the state, under
      the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 as a precautionary
      measure.
    • Haryana
      chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar 
      has announced
      that a lockdown has been imposed in seven districts of
      the state till 31 March.
    • The Goa
      government
       extended Janata curfew in the state
      till 25 March in view of the novel coronavirus outbreak.
    • Bihar will
      enforce lockdown in all district headquarters, municipal towns and block
      headquarters till 31 March, according to the Chief Minister
      Nitish Kumar, adding that all essential services will continue in the
      state.
    • All
      types of commercial vehicles, including buses and tempos,
      will remain off the roads in Assam till 24th
      March
       announced The All Assam Motor Transport Association
      (AAMTA)
    • Moving
      towards a complete lockdown, the Andhra Pradesh government announced
      the closure of inter-state borders for transport till
      March 31
       and asked people to step out of their homes only
      for essential needs.
    • The Jammu
      and Kashmir administration 
      on ordered the shutdown of all
      establishments except those providing essential services and commodities
      across the Union Territory till 31 March.
    • Himachal
      Pradesh’s Kangra district 
      locked down
      indefinitely.

    What is the concern now?

    According to the World Health Organization, even
    if the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions are the hardest
    hit by the virus, the young people are also equally vulnerable. This is not the
    kind of virus which can be tackled with lockdown measures alone. There stands
    our “social responsibility” to step forward and inform the
    authorities if we are infected and not simply put lives of our fellow citizens
    at risk.
    More related articles:

    COVID-19: MASKS AND SANITISERS
    NOW ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES

    INDIA’S VULNERABILITY TO
    COVID-19 (CORONAVIRUS)


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