Last updated on April 1, 2020
PRADHAN MANTRI KRISHI SINCHAYEE YOJANA (PMKSY)
Context: Approximately 42.15 lakh ha (Drip 22.81 lakh ha & Sprinkler 19.34 lakh ha) has been covered under PMKSY-PDMC since 2015-16 till date.
ABOUT PM KRISHI SINCHAYEE YOJANA Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is basically a national mission to improve farm productivity and ensure better utilization of the resources in the country. With an outlay of Rs.50,000 crores for a period of 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20) is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level. The Government provides financial assistance @ 55% for small and marginal farmers and @ 45% for other farmers for installation of Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation systems. OBJECTIVE: The major objective of PMKSY is to achieve:
- Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level;
- Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation;
- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water;
- Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop);
- Enhance recharge of aquifers;
- Introduce sustainable water conservation practices.
PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR);
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR);
- On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
The scheme is implemented by Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development. The programme is supervised and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) constituted under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog oversees the programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter ministerial coordination, monitoring & performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc. PMKSY is to be implemented in an area development approach allowing the states to draw their irrigation development plans based on district/blocks plans with a horizon of 5 to 7 years. States can take up projects based on the District/State Irrigation Plan. All the States and Union Territories including North Eastern States are covered under the programme. WHAT ARE THE VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF PMKSY? The Scheme has following as its key components:
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) by MoWR,RD &GR: Focuses on faster completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.
- PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani) by MoWR,RD &GR
- Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and ground water).
- Creating and rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.) etc. at feasible locations.
- PMKSY (Per Drop More Crop): This components covers the following perspective of the scheme:
- Programme management, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring etc.
- Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain – guns in the farm (Jal Sinchan);
- Topping up of input cost particularly under civil construction beyond permissible limit (40%), under MGNREGS for activities like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps, distribution system etc.
- Construction of micro irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells which are not supported under AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS as per block/district irrigation plan.
- Secondary storage structures at tail end of canal system to store water when available in abundance (rainy season) or from perennial sources like streams for use during dry periods through effective on – farm water management;
- Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pumpsets including water carriage pipes, underground piping system.
- Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of available water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement (Jal sarankchan);
- Information Communication Technology (ICT) interventions through NeGP to be made use in the field of water use efficiency, precision irrigation technologies, on farm water management, crop alignment etc. and also to do intensive monitoring of the Scheme.
- PMKSY (Watershed Development)
- Effective management of runoff water and improved soil & moisture conservation activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rain water harvesting, in – situ moisture conservation and other allied activities o n watershed basis.
- Converging with MGNREGS for creation of water source to full potential in identified backward rainfed blocks including renovation of traditional water bodies.
Follow us on:
Join us on Telegram: http://t.me/ExamGuideUpsc