NAGPUR ORANGE : AGRICULTURE EXPORT POLICY (AEP)
Context: First consignment of Nagpur orange was flagged off to Dubai on 13th February 2020 from Vashi, Navi Mumbai.
KEY DETAILS ABOUT NAGPUR ORANGE
Nagpur mandarin is one of the best mandarins in the world. Production of this fruit crop in central and western part of India is increasing every year. Mrig crop (monsoon blossom), which matures in February – March, has great potential for export since arrivals of mandarin fruit in international market are less during this period.
Approximately, 40 lakh hectare land is under orange cultivation in Nagpur District and major orange growing pockets are Warud, Katol, Saoner, Kalameshwar and Narkhed in Nagpur and Amravati districts. In the whole region only one variety Nagpur Mandarin is grown.
IMPLEMENTATION: For the implementation of the Agriculture Export Policy, (AEP) Nagpur District is being developed as a cluster for Nagpur Orange by APEDA. The APEDA officer in Mumbai has been nominated as a nodal officer for implementation of AEP and cluster development of Nagpur orange.
ABOUT AGRICULTURE EXPORT POLICY
The Agriculture Export Policy is framed with a focus on agriculture export oriented production, export promotion, better farmer realization and synchronization within policies and programmes of Government of India.
VISION: To harness the export potential of Indian agriculture, through suitable policy instruments, to make India global power in agriculture and raise farmers income.
OBJECTIVES: Following are the key objectives of this policy:
- Double agricultural exports from present ~US$ 30+ Billion to ~US$ 60+ Billion by 2022 and reach US$ 100 Billion in the next few years thereafter, with a stable trade policy regime.
- Diversify the export basket, destinations and boost high value and value-added agricultural exports including a focus on perishables.
- Promote novel, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional Agri products exports.
- Provide an institutional mechanism to pursue market access, tackling barriers and deal with sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues.
- Enable farmers to get the benefit of export opportunities in the overseas market.
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WHAT IS THE NEED OF SUCH AN EXPORT POLICY?
- The policy can help address challenges to exporting agricultural products from India like low farm productivity, poor infrastructure, global price volatility to market access.
- India’s share in global exports of agriculture products was merely 2.2 % in 2016.
- Given that the majority of India’s exports are low value, semi-processed and marketed in bulk,India has remained at the lower end of the global agriculture export value chain.
- The share of India’s high value and value-added agriculture produce in its agri-export basket is less than 15% compared to 25% in the US and 49% in China.
- Due to lack of uniformity in quality, standardization and its inability to curtail losses across the value chain, India is unable to export its vast horticultural produce.
- The vision of doubling farmers income by 2022 will require a series of interventions to improve production and productivity along with economizing the cost of production.
- This would also require India to augment its exports to the global market. Hence, it is necessary to have an agriculture export policy in place.
- Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is an apex body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, responsible for the export promotion of agricultural products.
- It was created under APEDA Act, 1985, to promote exports of agricultural and processed food products.
- Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC) is its predecessor and it has its headquarters in New Delhi.
- Pawan Kumar Borthakur is the present Chairman of APEDA.