Green India Mission

Context: A sum of Rs 343.08 crore has been released under the Green India Mission (GIM) for undertaking afforestation activities over an area of 126,916.32 hectare (ha) in 13 states, according to the Economic Survey 2019-20.



National Mission for a Green India or the commonly called Green India Mission (GIM), is one of the eight Missions outlined under India’s action plan for addressing the challenge of climate change –the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). 

GIM, launched in February 2014, is aimed at protecting, restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.

The mission has the broad objective of both increasing the forest and tree cover by  5 million ha,  as  well as increasing the quality of the existing forest and tree cover in  another 5 million ha of forest/ non-forest lands in 10 years.

It envisages a holistic view of greening and focuses on multiple ecosystem services, especially, biodiversitywaterbiomasspreserving mangroveswetlandscritical habitats etc. along with carbon sequestration as a co-benefit.

It also aims at convergence with complementary schemes and programmes for better coordination in developing forests and their fringe areas in a holistic and sustainable manner. 


Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had launched a related project in January, 1985 to cover 5 mn ha of waste land to be brought under green cover every year. However, country fell short of achieving this ambitious objective.

With the emergence of United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Indian Government’s stand on climate change has been in accordance with the Principles of Equity and the Common but Differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities as enshrined in the UNFCCC.  The current approach to climate change is fully anchored in the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Action Plan

India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was released on 30 June 2008 to outline India’s strategy to meet the challenge of Climate Change and enhance the ecological sustainability of India’s development path. The NAPCC consist of 8 missions in specific areas i.e. 

  • Solar Energy, 
  • Enhanced Energy Efficiency, 
  • Sustainable Habitat, 
  • Water, 
  • Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system, 
  • Green India, 
  • Sustainable Agriculture and 
  • Strategic knowledge for Climate Change (include assessment of the impact of climate change and actions needed to address climate change.) 

Thus the National Mission for a Green India or GIM was included as one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) and was accordingly launched on 24 February 2010

GIM was finally approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) in February 2014 with the projected cost of Rs.13,000 crores during the 12th Plan period and one year spill over in 13th Plan. This includes Rs. 2,000 crores from 12th Plan OutlayRs.400 crores from 13th Finance Commission grant, and convergence with CAMPA to the tune of Rs. 6000 crores and MGNREGS to the tune of Rs. 4000 crores.

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