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GENDER PARITY INDEX (GPI)


Context: As per the Minister of Human Resources and Development has said that various steps have been taken to bring gender parity in School Education; GPI increased from 0.92 in 2014-15 to 1.0 in 2018-19 for Higher Education.


GENDER PARITY INDEX (GPI)


KEY DETAILS ABOUT THE INDEX

The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is a socioeconomic index usually designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females. 

This index is released by UNESCO

In its simplest form, it is calculated as the quotient of the number of females by the number of males enrolled in a given stage of education (primary, secondary, etc.). 

If GPI = 1, then there is an equality between males and females

If GPI < 1 Then it is an indication that gender parity favors males.

If GPI > 1 than one indicates gender parity that favors females


It is to be kept in mind that the closer  a GPI is to one, the closer a country is to achieving equality of access between males and females. It is used by international organizationsparticularly in measuring the progress of developing countries. 

UNESCO describes attempts to eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education and emphasizes the plight of girls in unequal access in third world countries. However, the GPI ignores the gender disparity that benefits first-world women in tertiary education.  

The World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report 2016 allows users to look at and compare country GPI data, calculate your own country's gender parity, and explore global patterns.


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