EASE OF LIVING INDEX (EoLI); MUNICIPAL PERFORMANCE INDEX (MPI)
Context: Two Assessment Frameworks, viz. Ease of LivingIndex (EoLI) and Municipal Performance Index (MPI) 2019 have been launched by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in order to assess quality of life of citizens in 100 Smart Cities and 14 other Million Plus Cities.
Municipal Performance Index 2019: With the help of this Index, the Ministry will assess the performance of municipalities based on 5 enablers namely Service, Finance, Planning, Technology and Governance.These 5 enablers have been further divided into 20 sectors which will be evaluated across 100 indicators. This will help Municipalities in better planning and management, filling the gaps in city administration, and improving the liveability of cities for its citizens. Ease of Living Index 2019: The Ease of Living Index is aimed at providing a holistic view of Indian cities – beginning from the services provided by local bodies, the effectiveness of the administration, the outcomes generated through these services in terms of the liveability within cities and, finally, the citizen perception of these outcomes. The key objectives of the Ease of Living Index are four-folds, viz.
- To generate information to guide evidence-based policy making;
- To catalyse action to achieve broader developmental outcomes including the Sustainable Development Goals;
- Assess and compare the outcomes achieved from various urban policies and schemes;
- To obtain the perception of citizens about their view of the services provided by the city administration.
EoLI 2019 will facilitate the assessment of ease of living of citizens across three pillars :
- Quality of Life;
- Economic Ability;
These three pillars are further divided into 14 categories across 50 indicators. It is for the first time that a Citizen Perception Survey is being conducted on behalf of the Ministry, as part of the Ease of Living Index Assessment. The Survey carries 30% of the marks of the Ease of Living Index.