Daily Current Affairs: 4th February 2020: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
Table of Contents
Context: A total of three national level competitions have been organized under ‘Khelo India’ so far.
About Khelo India Programme
Prior to the launch of Khelo India, there were three separate schemes which were responsible for the sports promotion and development in India. These were:
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan: Infrastructure in rural areas and encouraging sports through competitions.
- Urban Infrastructure Scheme: Development of Infrastructure in urban areas.
- National Sports Talent Search: Identifying sports talent.
Later, these three programme were merged into a single central sector scheme ‘Khelo India: National Programme for Development of Sports’ from the financial year 2016-17. The program is run under the aegis of Union Ministry of Youth & Sports. The Khelo India Scheme aims at promoting culture of sports as well as attaining excellence in sports. The scheme in its present form was started in October, 2017 for a period of 3 years with a financial outlay of Rs. 1428.09 crore. So far Rs. 1358.31 crore has been spent and Rs. 69.78 crore is presently available for the remaining period of third and last year of the Scheme. The revised Khelo India Scheme beyond the financial year 2019-20 is under preparation. Society for Economic Development and Environmental Management (SEDEM) has been appointed for 3rd party assessment of Khelo India Scheme. At Present, 2747 athletesare benefiting underKhelo India Schemeof which 1335 are benefiting from residential training facilities. Major Achievements of Khelo India Scheme
- 133 new sports infrastructure projects approved in 27 States / Union Territories at a total sanctioned cost of Rs. 826 crore.
- The 1st Khelo India School Games (KISG) 2018 were successfully conducted from 31st January to 8th February 2018 in New Delhi with participation of 3507 athletes.
- The 2nd edition of Games, i.e. ‘Khelo India Youth Games Maharashtra, 2019’ were successfully conducted in Pune from 9th January to 20th January, 2019 with participation of 5925 athletes.
- Under Talent Search & Development, 2437 sporting talents across 20 sports disciplines have been selected.
- A total of 99 Academies (SAI, State Government/Central Government and Private) have been accredited for the training of the Khelo India athletes (KIAs).
- Khelo India Mobile Application was successfully launched to enable the general public to get information and ease of access to the various aspects of the game (HOW TO PLAY), available playfields across India (WHERE TO PLAY) or mapping the fitness parameters of the young school going population of the country.
- First National level Training of Trainer Programme(TOTs) for Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Teachers was held and 198 Physical Education Teachers trained are Certified as Master Trainers. Total 30 Regional/State Level TOTs have been conducted where a total number of 1547 Certified Regional Trainers were trained.
- Under Physical Fitness of School Going Children component, 1168 Schools and 23,947 Assessors are Registered.
- A support of Rs. 3 crore had been given to Boxing Federation of India to conduct The International Boxing Association (AIBA) World Women Boxing Championship 2018 held at New Delhi from 15th to 24th November, 2018.
- 2,124 trainees are covered under 18 State Level Khelo India Centres of Sports Authority of India.
- Rs.23.05 crore was sanctioned for conducing sporting activities in 13 States during 2018-19 under the Khelo India vertical ‘Sports for Peace and Development’.
Context: Union Minister of Women & Child Development and Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani gave away the Pradhan Mantri Matru VandanaYojana (PMMVY) awards to States, Union Territories and Districts for best performance.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE AWARDS The awards were given in the following two categories: (i) Best performance since inception of the Scheme. (ii) Best performance by States/ UTs during theMatru Vandana Saptah (MVS)held from2nd to 8th December 2019. (The theme of the Saptah was “towards building a healthy nation – Surakshit Janani, ViksitDharini” ) For best performance since the inception of the Scheme, following States/UTs has been awarded in their respective categories:
- States/ UTs having population of more than 1 crore: Madhya Pradesh (1st), Andhra Pradesh (2nd) and Haryana (3rd).
- States/ UTs having population of less than 1 crore: Dadra & Nagar Haveli (1st), Himachal Pradesh (2nd) and Chandigarh (3rd).
- District level awards for States/ UTs with population of more than 1 crore: Indore, Madhya Pradesh (1st), Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh (2nd) and South Salmara Mankachar in Assam (3rd).
- District level awards for States/ UTs with population of less than 1 crore: Serchhip in Mizoram (1st), Una in Himachal Pradesh (2nd) and Puducherry (3rd).
For best performance by States/ UTs during the Matru Vandana Saptah (MVS) held from 2nd to 8th December 2019, following States/UTs has been awarded in their respective categories:
- States/ UTs having population of more than 1 crore: Andhra Pradesh (1st), Maharashtra (2nd) and Madhya Pradesh (3rd).
- States/ UTs having population of less than 1 crore: Dadra & Nagar Haveli (1st), Sikkim (2nd) and Manipur (3rd).
About PRADHAN MANTRI MATRU VANDANA YOJANA The PMMVY is a maternity benefit programme which is being implemented in all districts of the country from 01.01.2017. Under this programme, a cash incentive of Rs. 5000 is provided directly to the bank/ post office account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) for the first living child of the family subject to fulfilling specific conditions relating to maternal and child health. The Cash incentive ofRs 5000 is to be provided inthree instalments i.e.
- First instalment of Rs 1000/- on early registration of pregnancy at the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) / approved Health facility as may be identified by the respective administering State / UT.
- Second instalment of Rs 2000/- after six months of pregnancy on receiving at least one ante-natal check-up (ANC).
- Third instalment of Rs 2000/– after child birth is registered and the child has received the first cycle of BCG, OPV, DPT and Hepatitis – B, or its equivalent/ substitute.
The eligible beneficiaries would receive the incentive given under the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) for Institutional delivery and the incentive received under JSY would be accounted towards maternity benefits so that on an average a woman gets Rs 6000 / – . PMMVY is implemented using the platform of Anganwadi Services Scheme of Umbrella ICDS under the WCD Ministry in respect of States/ UTs implementing scheme through Women and Child Development Department/ Social Welfare Department and through health system in respect of States/ UTs where scheme is implemented by Health and Family Welfare Department. PMMVY is implemented through a centrally deployed web based MIS software application and the focal point of implementation is Anganwadi Centre (AWC) and ASHA/ANM. Target Beneficiaries under the Scheme
- All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding those who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
- All eligible PW&LM who have their pregnancy on or after 01.01.2017 for first child in family.
- Case of Miscarriage/Still Birth:
- A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits under the scheme only once. In case of miscarriage/still birth, the beneficiary would be eligible to claim the remaining installment(s) in event of any future pregnancy.
- Thus, after receiving the 1st instalment, if the beneficiary has a miscarriage, she would only be eligible for receiving 2nd and 3rd instalment in event of future pregnancy subject to fulfilment of eligibility criterion and conditionalities of the scheme.
- Similarly, if the beneficiary has a miscarriage or still birth after receiving 1 st and 2nd instalments, she would only be eligible for receiving 3rd instalment in event of future pregnancy subject to fulfilment of eligibility criterion and conditionalities of the scheme.
- Case of Infant Mortality: A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits under the scheme only once. That is, in case of infant mortality, she will not be eligible for claiming benefits under the scheme, if she has already received all the instalments of the maternity benefit under PMMVY earlier.
- Pregnant and Lactating AWWs/ AWHs/ ASHA may also avail the benefits under the PMMVY subject to fulfilment of scheme conditionalities.
Context: The ‘INCREDIBLE INDIA 2.0’ Campaign was the winner of the Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) Gold Award 2019.
PATA awards this year attracted 197 entries from 78 Organizations and individuals worldwide. The PATA grand awards are presented to outstanding entries in four principal categories:
- Education and Training;
- Heritage and Culture.
India won the award in ‘Marketing – Primary Government Destination’ category.
ABOUT INCREDIBLE INDIA 2.0
The Ministry of Tourism has launched the ‘Incredible India 2.0’ campaign in the Country in September 2017, which marks a shift from generic promotions undertaken across the world to market specific promotional plans and content creation. The campaign focuses on digital and social media and the promotion of Niche tourism products, including yoga, wellness, luxury, cuisine, wildlife etc. It focuses on transformative experiences brought alive through unique storytelling in the format of autobiographies of travellers, with the tagline ‘Find the Incredible you’. ABOUT PACIFIC ASIA TRAVEL ASSOCIATION (PATA) Founded in 1951, the Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a not-for profit association that is internationally acclaimed for acting as a catalyst for the responsible development of travel and tourism to, from and within the Asia Pacific region. On behalf of its members, PATA’s strategic direction is to:
- Build business for members.
- Provide valuable insights, forecasts and analysis help members make better business decisions.
- To take a lead position on travel industry issues that need to be addressed.
As the premier travel and tourism industry association in the Asia Pacific region, the Association endorses the UN Global Code of Ethics for Tourism and supports the work of the World Committee on Tourism Ethics, encouraging its members to also do the same.
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Context: The Ministry of Tourism, under the Swadesh Darshan scheme is developing thematic circuits in the country in planned and prioritized manner.
Under the scheme fifteen thematic circuits have been identified for development. These includes: North-East Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Heritage Circuit, Sufi Circuit and Tirthankara Circuit. The projects under the scheme are identified for development in consultation with the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations and are sanctioned subject to the following conditions: (i) Availability of funds; (ii) Submission of suitable Detailed Project Reports; (iii) Adherence to scheme guidelines; (iv) Utilization of funds released earlier. What are the various steps taken by the Ministry of Tourism for development of tourism in the country?
- Launched the Swadesh Darshan and PRASHAD Schemes for development of tourism infrastructure in the country.
- Identified 17 Iconic Sites in the country for development by seeking convergence with other Central Ministries/Departments/State Governments /Urban Local Bodies.
- Launched the “Adopt a Heritage-Apni Dharohar Apni Pehchan” Project for development and maintenance of tourist amenities at heritage sites/monuments and other tourist sites.
- Development and promotion of ‘Niche Tourism’ products to attract tourist with specific interest and to ensure repeat visits for the unique products in which India has a comparative advantage.
- Launched 24×7 toll free Multi-Lingual Tourist Helpline.
- Incredible India 2.0 Campaign: Promoted India as a holistic tourism destination including its various tourism sites and products.
- Facility of e-Visa for 5 sub-categories i.e. e-Tourist visa, e-Business visa, e-Medical visa, e-Medical Attendant visa and e-Conference visa for nationals of 170 countries. E-Visa has been further liberalized and the visa fee has been substantially reduced.
- Launched Incredible India Tourist Facilitator Programme on an online digital platform to provide basic, advanced and refresher courses for tourist facilitators.
- New mountain peaks have been opened for Mountaineering/Trekking to give boost to adventure tourism in the country.
- Lowering of GST on hotels rooms with tariffs of Rs 1,001 to Rs 7,500/night to 12% and for Rs 7,501 & above to 18% to increase India’s competitiveness as a tourism destination.
About Swadesh Darshan Scheme The Scheme has been launched by the Tourism Ministry to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country. These tourist circuits will be developed on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner. Key features of Swadesh Darshan Scheme includes:
- 100% centrally funded for the project components undertaken for public funding.
- To leverage the voluntary funding available for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives of Central Public Sector Undertakings and corporate sector.
- Funding of individual project will vary from state to state and will be finalised on the basis of detailed project reports prepared by PMC (Programme Management Consultant) which will be a national level consultant to be appointed by the Mission Directorate.
- A National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted with Minister in charge of M/O Tourism as Chairman, to steer the mission objectives and vision of the scheme.
- A Mission Directorate headed by the Member Secretary, NSC as a nodal officer who will help in identification of projects in consultation with the States/ UTs governments and other stake holders.
Context: Under the Swachh Bharat Mission the Tourism Ministryhas identified 180 Tourist sites for organizing Swachhta Action Plan (SAP) activities during the year 2019-20 to create Swachhta Awareness amongst the tourists, students of schools / colleges and stakeholders across the country.
As per information received from Archaeological Survey of India, in the State of Uttar Pradesh, there are 13 monuments that have been identified as Adarsh Monuments for providing tourist facilities which are as follows: 1. Taj Mahal, Agra 2. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra 3. Agra Fort, Agra 4. Itmad-ud-Duala, Agra 5. Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra, Agra 6. Rani Jhansi’s Palace, Jhansi 7. Residency, Lucknow 8. Kalinjar Fort, Banda 9. Ancient Buddhist Remains and site, Sravasti 10. Site, Stupa and Monastery of the Sakyas, Piparva, Siddharthnagar 11. Lal Khan Tomb, Rajghat, Varanasi 12. Ancient Buddhist Remains and site, Kushinagar 13. Ancient Buddhist Remains, Sarnath, Varanasi. ABOUT SWACHHTA ACTION PLAN Swachhta Action Plan (SAP) was formally launched on 1st April 2017 with the active participation of 72 Ministries and Departments. During 1st year of implementation (FY 2017-18), Ministries and Departments implemented multiple innovative ideas along with making fi nancial contribution of over 18000 crore rupees. Swachhta Action Plan is a milestone initiative in mainstreaming Swachhta elements across all sectors of the Government in an elaborate, accountable, and sustained manner to realize the Swachh Bharat of Prime Minister’s vision. A separate portal has been created to track and monitor the progress of the Ministries and Departments as per their commitment.The concept behind theSAP portal can be seen as adding atransparent,time-bound, dynamicandInter-ministry dimension towards realizing a Swachh Bharat. Acting on Prime Minister’s this vision, the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti being the nodal Department coordinated with all Ministries/Departments to finalize and collate their Swachhta Action Plans (SAP).
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Context: ‘Santusht’ – Implementation Monitoring Cell (IMC) has been constituted in the Office of Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour and Employment in January 2020.
ABOUT THE PORTAL The objective of ‘Santusht’ is to promote transparency, accountability, effective delivery of public services and implementation of policies, schemes of Ministry of Labour and Employment at grassroot level through constant monitoring. For public grievances, Centralized Public Grievance Redresal and Monitoring System (CPGRAM) portal is already functional. Besides, written grievances as received from stakeholders are also disposed by the Ministry. Further, online portal under ‘Santusht’ for public grievances has not been started so far. ABOUT CPGRAM PORTAL Centralized Public Grievance Redress And Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) is an online web-enabled system over NICNET developed by NIC, in association with Directorate of Public Grievances (DPG) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) with an objective of speedy redress and effective. What are the grievances which are not taken up by the Department? The grievances which includes:
- Subjudice cases or any matter concerning judgment given by any court.
- Personal and family disputes.
- RTI matters
- Anything that impacts upon territorial integrity of the country or friendly relations with other countries.
Time limit for the redress of the grievances: Sixty (60) days. In case of delay an interim reply with reasons for delay is required to be given. Role of DARPG The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances is the chief policy making, monitoring and coordinating Department for public grievances arising from the work of Ministries/Departments/Organizations of the Government of India. The grievances received in the department are forwarded to the Ministries/Departments concerned. Redressal of grievances is done by respective Ministries/Departments in a decentralized manner. The Department periodically reviews the status of redressal of public grievances under CPGRAMS of Ministries/Departments for speedy disposal of grievances / complaints.
Context: Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) and DG, ICAR, Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra and Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD), Shri Atul Chaturvedi released the Live attenuated Classical Swine Fever Vaccine (IVRI-CSF-BS) Technology.
The Technology has been developed by ICAR -Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar. ABOUT THE VACCINE Classical Swine Fever Vaccine is safe, potent, does not revert to virulence and provide protective immunity from day 14 of the vaccination till 24 months studied so far. The vaccine has been tested on around 500 pigs at multiple locations. The new vaccine is ready for release and commercial production will be completed in less than a year. The vaccine would be the best choice for use in the CSF Control Programme (CSF-CP) already launched by Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD) (CSF-CP). The vaccine virus has very high titre and lakhs of doses can be produced very easily in cell culture and country’s requirement can be easily fulfilled using this new vaccine. Due to very high titre of vaccine virus, this vaccine would be the most economical CSF vaccine costing around less than Rs 2/- per dose as against Rs 15-25/- of lapinized CSF vaccine and Rs.30/dose (approx) for an imported Korean vaccine being used in the country. Besides, the new vaccine gives immunity for two years as compared to 3 to 6 months protection under the vaccines currently being used. The new vaccine will be part of the Government’s One Health Initiative and result in huge savings as it will nip the spread of the virus at animal stage so that it does not pass on to the human population. WHAT ABOUT THE PREVIOUS VACCINES? A lapinized CSF vaccine (Weybridge strain, UK) is being used in India since 1964 for controlling the disease.The vaccine is produced by sacrificing large numbers of rabbits for each batch. In order to do away sacrificing of rabbits and increase the productivity, IVRI had earlier developed a cell culture CSF vaccine by adapting the lapinized vaccine virus in cell culture. The technology has been transferred to M/s Indian Immunologicals, Hyderabad and Government of Punjab during 2016 and 2018, respectively. ABOUT CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER (CSF) Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera is a highly contagious disease of swine. CSF is one of the most important diseases of pigs causing high mortality with annual loss of approx. Rs.4.299 billion.The infectious agent responsible is avirus CSFV(previously called hog cholera virus) of thegenus Pestivirus in the family Flaviviridae. The incubation period of CSF ranges from 2 to 14 days, but clinical signs may not be apparent until after 2 to 3 weeks. Preventive state regulations usually assume 21 days as the outside limit of the incubation period. Animals with an acute infection can survive 2 to 3 months before their eventual death.
Context: A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed by Central Food Technological Research Institute, CSIR−CFTRI, Mysuru with Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) to set up a Liaison Office in Guwahati, Assam today to provide technical support to the food industries in the North East region.
What is Liaison Office? The Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) defines “Liaison Office” as a “place of business to act as a channel of communication between the Principal place of business or Head Office by whatever name called and entities in India but which does not undertake any commercial / trading / industrial activity, directly or indirectly, and maintains itself out of inward remittances received from abroad through normal banking channel.”
- A Liaison Office is in the nature of a representative office set up primarily to explore and understand the business and investment climate.
- A Liaison Office isnot permittedto undertake any commercial / trading / industrial activity, directly or indirectly, and is required to maintain itself out of inward remittances received from parent company through normal banking channels.
- Its role is limited to collecting information about possible market opportunities and providing information about the company and its products to prospective Indian customers.
- The Liaison Office is permitted to undertake following activities only:
- Representing the parent Company in India;
- Promoting export/ import from/ to India;
- Promoting technical / financial collaborations between the parent companies and companies in India
BACKGROUND APEDA has undertaken many promotional activities recently to bring the North East states of India on to the export map. In 2019 five international buyer seller meets were organised by APEDA in Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim to showcase the potential of agriculture/ horticulture and processed food products including organic produce to open the export window from the North Eastern States. APEDA has also organised specific outreach programmes and training on export process for the stakeholders from the North East region. Recently, it organised an exposure visit to Maharashtra, considered as one of the major export hubs, to acquaint the exporters and state officials from Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland on export oriented farming, pack house and modern food processing units. About Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985. The Authority replaced the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC). APEDA is mandated with the responsibility of export promotion and development of the following scheduled products:
- Fruits, Vegetables and their Products.
- Meat and Meat Products.
- Poultry and Poultry Products.
- Dairy Products.
- Confectionery, Biscuits and Bakery Products.
- Honey, Jaggery and Sugar Products.
- Cocoa and its products, chocolates of all kinds.
- Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverages.
- Cereal and Cereal Products.
- Groundnuts, Peanuts and Walnuts.
- Pickles, Papads and Chutneys.
- Guar Gum.
- Floriculture and Floriculture Products.
- Herbal and Medicinal Plants.
APEDA has its head office in New Delhi with regional offices in Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Guwahati.
About Central Food Technological Research Institute, CSIR−CFTRI Central Food Technological Research Institute, CSIR−CFTRI, Mysuru, (a constituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi) is a pioneering Institute working in the area of Food Science and Technology and Human Resource Development started during 1950. It was opened on 21 October 1950 in Mysore, Karnataka. It also has its resource centers in Hyderabad, Lucknow and Mumbai. Over the years, it has brought out many innovative products and processes into the market in tune with the state-of-the-art R&D practices of the Institute and the changing lifestyle of the consumers. Some of these efforts include development of infant foods products, instant ready-mixes, parboiling of paddy, cultivation of spirulina, health and wellness food products. Societal interventions have been the hallmark of CSIR-CFTRI and large number of farmers have been empowered on affordable and sustainable methods for value addition to agri-commodities contributing to the rural economy. It has been in the forefront for generating quality human resource for the development of food industry.
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