Daily Current Affairs: 17th February 2020: The Hindu+PIB

The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The HinduThe Indian ExpressBusiness Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.

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As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.

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    Context: The alleged mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, Hafiz Saeed has been sentenced to jail in Pakistan for five-and-a-half years on charges of terror financing. 

    BACKGROUND The FIR against Saeed and his associates was registered in July 2019 on charges of terror financing at the Counter-Terrorism Department (CTD) in Gujranwala Saeed, Abdul Ghaffar, Hafiz Masood, Ameer Hamza and Iqbal were indicted in December 2019. This is the first time that Saeed, who has a $10 million bounty on his head by the U.S. government, has been formally convicted of an offence.  The sentencing comes days ahead of a crucial meeting of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an intergovernmental organisation combating money laundering and terror financing, that has put Pakistan on its grey list. KEY DETAILS

    • This is the first time Jamaat-Ud-Dawa chief Hafiz Saeed has been convicted and charged in a terror case. However, he has been detained multiple times in the last 20 years.
    • TOTAL NUMBER OF CASES: 23 cases of terror financing were registered by Pakistan’s Counter-Terrorism Department in July last year.
    • CHARGES: 
      • Anti-Terrorism Act: Section 11-F (2): Membership, support and meeting related to a banned outfit.
      • Section 11-H to Section 11-K: Charges linked to fund raising for terrorism and money laundering.
    • EARLIER DETENTIONS: December 2001-March 2002 and August 2006- October 2006.
    • HOUSE ARRESTS: December 2008-June 2009; September 2009-October 2009 and January 2017-November 2017.

    ABOUT FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established by G-7 Summit that was held in Paris in 1989 by theMinisters of its Member jurisdictions.   OBJECTIVES: To set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.   The FATF is therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas. FUNCTIONS: The FATF monitors the progress of its members in implementing necessary measures, reviews money laundering and terrorist financing techniques and counter-measures, and promotes the adoption and implementation of appropriate measures globally.   In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse. FATF’S PLENARY: The FATF’s decision making body, the FATF Plenary, meets 3 times per year.   MEMBERSHIP: During 1991 and 1992, the FATF expanded its membership from the original 16 to 28 members. In 2000 the FATF expanded to 31 members, and has since expanded to its current 39 members Its members includes: Argentina; Australia; Austria; Belgium; Brazil; Canada; China; Denmark; European Commission; Finland; France; Germany; Greece;  Gulf Co-operation Council; Hong Kong, China; Iceland; India; Ireland; Israel;  Italy; Japan; Republic of Korea; Luxembourg; Malaysia; Mexico; Netherlands, Kingdom of New Zealand; Norway; Portugal; Russian Federation; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom and United States. Indonesia is the only Observer State. What are Black List and Grey List of the FATF? FATF has 2 types of lists;

    • Black List
    • Grey List

    Meaning of Black List:Only those countries are included in this list that FATF considers asunco-operative tax havens forterror funding. These countries are known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs).In other words;countries which are supporting terror funding and money laundering activities are placed in theBlack list. The FATF blacklist or OECD blacklist has been issued by the Financial Action Task Force since 2000 and lists countries which it judges to be non-cooperative in the global fight against money laundering and terror funding. The FATF updates the blacklist regularly, adding or deleting entries. Meaning of Grey List: Those countries which are not considered as the safe heaven for supporting terror funding and money laundering; included in this list. The inclusion in this list is not as severe as black listed. Now Grey list is a warning given to the country that it might come in Black list. If a country is unable to curb mushrooming of terror funding and money laundering; it is shifted from grey list to black list by the FATF. Whenever a country comes in the Grey list, it faces many problems like:

    • Economic sanctions from international institutions (IMF, World Bank, ADB etc.) and countries.
    • Problem in getting loans from international institutions (IMF, World Bank, ADB etc.) and countries.
    • Overall Reduction in its international trade.
    • International boycott.

    Pakistan was included in thegrey list for the first time in 2012andremained in it till 2015. On 29 June, 2018FATF Grey listed Pakistan for thesecond time.  The process began in February 2018 when FATF approved the nomination of Pakistan for monitoring under itsInternational Cooperation Review Group (ICRG)commonly known as‘grey list’. India ,USA and UK want that Pakistan should be included in the black list of FATF while China and Turkey are opposing this move. Currently Pakistan is in Grey list of FATF. Due to increasing pressure; the Pakistan is striving to comply all the 27 FATF Targets. But as on October 2019; it could manage to comply with just 5 targets out of 27. But Pakistan again saved by its all-weather friend China, currently in the FATF chair. Now the FATF has given another 4 months time to Pakistan (February 2020) to comply with all the 27 FATF targets otherwise it would be blacklisted.



    Context: Indian State of Kerala, has brought bottled water under the purview of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. 


    Bottled drinking water has come under a price cap in Kerala, with the State making it an essential commodity and fixing a ceiling of Rs 13 per litre. The current retail price is Rs 20. Government views current prices as exploitation of consumers, makes it an essential commodity. The government had also decided to make BIS standards mandatory for all brands of bottled water. This would force unauthorised manufacturers to shut shop. KEY FEATURES OF THE ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT 1955 The Essential Commodities Act is an act which was established to ensure the delivery of certain commodities or products, the supply of which if obstructed owing to hoarding or blackmarketing would affect the normal life of the people. This includes foodstuff, drugs, fuel (petroleum products) etc. The list of items under the Act include drugs, fertilisers, pulses and edible oils, and petroleum and petroleum products. The Centre can include new commodities as and when the need arises, and take them off the list once the situation improves. COVERAGE:This 1955 Act extends to whole of India. DEFINITION: The Act contains specific definition for the following: 

    • “Collector” includes an Additional Collector and such other officer, not below the rank of Sub-Divisional Officer.
    • “Food-crops” include crops of sugarcane. 
    • “Sugar”means-
      • Any form of sugar containing more than 90% of sucrose, including sugar candy;
      • Khandsari sugar or bura sugar or crushed sugar or any sugar in crystalline or powdered form; or
      • Sugar in process in vacuum pan sugar factory or raw sugar produced therein.

    WORKING: If the Centre finds that a certain commodity is in short supply and its price is spiking, it can notify stock-holding limits on it for a specified period. The States act on this notification to specify limits and take steps to ensure that these are adhered to. Anybody trading or dealing in the commodity, be it wholesalers, retailers or even importers are prevented from stockpiling it beyond a certain quantity.

    INTERFERENCE OF STATE: A State can, however, choose not to impose any restrictions. But once it does, traders have to immediately sell into the market any stocks held beyond the mandated quantity. This improves supplies and brings down prices. As not all shopkeepers and traders comply, State agencies conduct raids to get everyone to toe the line and the errant are punished. The excess stocks are auctioned or sold through fair price shops. 

    LIST OF ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES: Essential Commodities in India have been declared in section 2 of Essential Commodities Act, 1955. The essential commodities in India are as follows:

    • Cattle fodder, including oilcakes and other concentrates. 
    • Coal, including coke and other derivatives. 
    • Components parts and accessories of automobiles. 
    • Cotton and woollen textiles. 
    • Foodstuffs, including edible oilseeds and oils. 
    • Iron and Steel, including manufactured products of Iron & Steel.
    • Paper, including newsprint, paperboard and strawboard. 
    • Petroleum and Petroleum products. 
    • Raw Cotton, either ginned or unginned and cotton seed. 
    • Raw Jute. 

    The following commodities are also declared as essential through notifications: 

    • Jute textiles. 
    • Fertilizer, whether inorganic, organic or mixed. 
    • Yarn made wholly from cotton. 
    • Seeds of food crops and seeds of fruits and vegetables.
    • Seeds of cattle fodder  
    • Jute seeds.


    Context: Guwahati, which is the largest city in the Northeast Region of India, has yielded a new species of lizard – the urban bent-toed gecko.


    ABOUT THE NEW SPECIES DISCOVERED It was also the 12th recorded gecko from the Northeast. The new species of lizard, zoologically named Cyrtodactylus urbanus, is markedly different in molecular structure, blotch and colour from the Cyrtodactylus guwahatiensis, or the Guwahati bent-toed gecko, that was discovered two years ago.  

    All bent-toed geckos in Northeast India were thought to be a single species, the Cyrtodactylus khasiensis found primarily in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya.

    Though the urban bent-toed gecko falls within the khasiensis group, it differs from other members of this group in mitochondrial sequence data as well as aspects of morphology such as the number and arrangement of certain pores in males, the number of mid-ventral scales and colour pattern. The study on the urban bent-toed gecko also provided additional information on the Guwahati bent-toed gecko, the first of the two Cyrtodactylus endemic to the areas covered by the city and the 4th from Assam. NOTE: Guwahati is home to 26 species of amphibians, 57 species of reptiles, 214 species of birds and 36 species of mammals. The city provides that edge for urban biodiversity to thrive because it encompasses 18 hills, 8 reserve forests, 2 wildlife sanctuaries and a Ramsar site (wetland) besides the Brahmaputra river. PREVIOUS DISCOVERIES: In January 2020, researchers had discovered six new species of bent-toed geckos – a type of small lizard – from northeastern India, and one of them is from Assam’s capital, Guwahati. These 6 new species includes: 

    • Guwahati bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus guwahatiensis) : Found near a small hillock in the urban sprawl of Guwahati city.
    • Kaziranga bent-toed gecko: From Assam’s Kaziranga National Park.
    • Jaintia bent-toed gecko: From Jaintia hills of Meghalaya 
    • Nagaland bent-toed gecko: From Khonoma village in Nagaland
    • Abhayapuri bent-toed gecko: Currently found only in the vicinity of Abhayapuri town in Assam’s Bongaigaon district.
    • Jampui bent-toed gecko: Found only in Tripura’s Jampui Hills.

    The discovery increases the number of bent-toed geckos described from theHimalaya and north-eastern Indiato15 (nine of which have been described this year alone).Since 2017,more than 20 new speciesof bent-toed geckos have been described from Myanmar, too. 



    Context: Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, though home to more than half the number of tigers present in Kerala, may not be notified as a Tiger Reserve as it lacks public support.



    The Status of Tigers in India report released last year had estimated the tiger population of Wayanad as between 75 and 80 individuals. Periyar Tiger Reserve, the first one in Kerala, has an estimated population of 30 to 35 big cats whereas Parambikulam, the second reserve, has a population of 20 to 25 tigers. Cattle lifting by the ailing tigers and their straying into human habitations  have often triggered widespread public protests in the district. The department had to backtrack from its earlier attempts to notify the reserve following stiff public resistance. There were speculations that the notification would bring in stringent restrictions on development activities.


    • LOCATION: Kerala, India.
    • ESTABLISHED: 1973
    • EXTENT: 344.44 km2 with four ranges namely Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiat and Tholpetty.
    • BORDERS: It is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka in the northeast, and on the southeast by Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu. It is part of the Deccan Plateau.
    • FLORA: Moist deciduous forest consists of maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboos, more, while the semi-evergreen patches comprises veteria indica., lagerstroemia, lanceolata, termianalia paniculata.
    • FAUNA: Elephants, tigers, panthers, jungle cats, civet cats, monkeys, wild dogs, bisons, deer, bears, monitor lizards and a variety of snakes are seen.
      •  Apart from that, Peacocks, babblers, cuckoos, owls, woodpeckers, jungle fowls are a few of the various types of birds seen here. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the safest havens for different species of vultures like the White-rumped Vultures and the Red-headed Vultures.
      • A monitoring programme of the Forest Department for 2017-18 has found that the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS), holds the largest tiger population in the State.
    • OTHERS: Wayanad district has the largest population of Adivasi in Kerala. Scheduled tribes here include Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyans, Kurichiyas, Ooralis and Kattunaikkans. This wildlife sanctuary comes under Protect Elephant.


    Context: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is preparing to launch GISAT-1, a new earth observation satellite, in the first week of March.


    WHAT IS IT?: GEO Imaging Satellite or GISAT is a planned Indian geo-imaging satellite class for providing images quickly during disasters. Two identical satellites will provide resolution in the range of 50 m to 1.5 km. It will carry multi-spectral (visible, near infra-red and thermal), multi-resolution (50 m to 1.5 km) imaging instruments. WHAT ARE ITS ABILITIES?: GISATs will feature 5 different types of multi-spectral cameras and provide near real time pictures of large areas of the country, under cloud free conditions, at frequent intervals which is, selected field image in every 5 minutes and entire Indian landmass image every 30 minutes at 50 m spatial resolution. WHAT IS THE LAUNCH SCHEDULE?: According to an official release, GISAT-1 is planned to be launched on 5th March 2020 aboard GSLV MKII rocket. DESIGN LIFE: 7 years TYPE:Earth Observation Satellite (EO) [The satellite used or designed for Earth observation from orbit, similar to spy satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc] REGIME: Geostationary [A geostationary orbit, also referred to as a geosynchronous equatorial orbit (GEO), is a circular geosynchronous orbit 35,786 kilometres (22,236 miles) above Earth’s equator and following the direction of Earth’s rotation. Communications satellites are often placed in a geostationary orbit so that Earth-based satellite antennas (located on Earth) do not have to rotate to track them, but can be pointed permanently at the position in the sky where the satellites are located. These are launched via a temporary orbit, and placed in a slot above a particular point on the Earth’s surface. ]



    Context: The 33- year-old, ARVIND KUMAR PAI, has collected 1,200 One-rupee currency notes bearing serial numbers that match with dates of historical and important events in the country.


    KEY DETAILS ABOUT HIS COLLECTION Among his collections, he posses following notable notes apart from other that he has in his inventory: 

    • Serial number 311084 (October 31, 1984 – date of assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi).
    • Serial number 010148 ( January 01, 1848 — India’s first school for girls opened at Bhide Wada in Pune.)
    • Serial number 080457 (April 8, 1857 – Mangal Pandey was hanged).
    • Serial Number 280228 (February 28, 1928 – Discovery of Raman Effect).
    • Serial Number 121136 (November 12, 1936 — Temple entry proclamation).

    • Serial Number 261149 (November 26, 1949 — Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India).

    • Serial Number 050457 (April 05, 1957 — the first-ever elected Communist government came into power in Kerala).

    • Serial Number 250675 (25 June 1975 — Emergency declared).


    • Earlier, he entered the Limca Book of Records for having the largest collection of Re 1 notes totaling to 11,111.
    • He also entered the record books for possessing at least 3 notes signed by each of the Finance Secretories K.R.K. Menon to Ratan P. Watal. 
    • In 2015, he along with his mother Renjitha Bai, entered Limca Book of Records after he snet her an envelope with most number of stamps pasted on it (322 stamps). 
    • Again in 2015, he entered the Asia Book of Records and India Book of Records for possessing the most number of Gandhi Stamps in Asia and India respectively.


    Context: Madhya Pradesh has recorded the highest percentage of newborn  deaths of 11.5% against the total admissions to government-run Sick-Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) in the past 3 years across the country.



    • According to the National Health Mission (NHM), this rate of 11.5% in Madhya Pradesh is ominously spiralling since 2017. 
    • The country’s average for neo-natal deaths is just 7%.
    • Although admissions of neonates (under 28 days) in the State have dropped from April 2017 to December 2019 — remaining lower than West Bengal, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh — the percentage of deaths at 12.2% surpassed Bihar’s last year.
    • Meanwhile, West Bengal, where 34,344 neonatal deaths occurred in the period, the most in the country, the declining percentage of deaths from 9.2% in 2017 to 8.9% in 2019 coincided with a slump in admissions.
    • Staff crunch, low community referrals, absence of a special neonatal transport service to health centres, and the non-availability of enough units to cater to increasing institutional deliveries had contributed to the spike in the percentage of deaths.
    • The crunch is magnified as only one against the requisite five (82% shortfall) of surgeons, gynaecologists, physicians and paediatricians is available at hospitals.
    • Madhya Pradesh has also recorded an abysmal sex-ratio in admissions. Even with a sex ratio of 931 as per the 2011 census, 663 girls were admitted against 1,000 boys in the three years, against the country average of 733.
    • In Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, one in every five children admitted to a unit died in the three years — the highest death percentage of 19.9% in the State, ten times above the NHM’s mandated key performance indicator of below 2%.
    • Urban areas report a higher death percentage as they offer tertiary care, and admit several serious cases from peripheral districts.
    • The issue of under-reporting is illustrated by the NHM’s Child Health Review 2019-2020, which highlights 43 districts where government officials don’t report more than 50% of deaths of childern under 5, to falsely jack up their score.


    The National Health Mission (NHM) was launched by the government of India in 2013 subsuming the National Rural Health Mission and National Urban Health Mission. It was further extended in March 2018, to continue until March 2020. It is headed by Mission Director and monitored by National Level Monitors appointed by Government of India

    The major programmatic components include Health System Strengthening, Reproductive-Maternal- Neonatal-Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases.


    • Since the launch of the NRHM/NHM, a faster retardation has been noticed in the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and the IMR
      • As per the current rate of decline, India is expected to reach its SDG target (MMR-70, U5MR-25) earlier than its due year i.e. 2030.
    • With respect to bringing down the Malaria cases and deaths, India has emerged as the biggest success story amongst Malaria endemic countries in the World by reducing the deaths due to Malaria by 49.09% and 50.52% in 2013 respectively as compared to 2017.
    • Strengthening and further intensification of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has been done. Around 1,180 Cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification test (CBNAAT)  machines have been installed across all districts which provides rapid and accurate diagnosis for TB including drug resistant TB. 
    • Due to these intensified efforts, there is 16% rise in identification of new cases in a single year. 
    • Universal drug sensitive cases has also increased by 54%. 
    • Newer drug regimen of Bedaquiline and Delaminide and a nutrition support for all the TB patients for the duration of the treatment has been rolled throughout the country.
    • Tetanus and adult Diphtheria (Td) vaccine replaced Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccine amongst the new vaccines, under universal immunization programme in 2018 that ensure Diphtheria immunity among adults.
    • Further, Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination drive was conducted in 2018 across 17 additional States, which further covers 30.50 Crores children till March 2019.
    • According to the latest updates, all the States/UTs are covered with Rotavirus vaccine (RVV).
    • Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccine (PCV) was further expanded to MP, Haryana and the remaining districts of Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh during 2018-19. 
    • The routine and recurring incentives which are provided to ASHAs  increased from 1000 per month to 2000 per month.
    • A cover of Pradhan Mantri Jevan Jyoti Beema Yojna (a premium of Rs. 330 contributed by Gol) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Beema Yojna (a premium of Rs.12 contributed by Gol) was provided to ASHAs and ASHA Facilitators.
    • In April 2018, Anaemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Abhiyaan was launched under POSHAN Abhiyaan.
    • There has been an increment in the untied funds amount from Rs, 20,000 to Rs 50,000 for sub health Centres transformed to HWCs.
    • Also, the Home Based Care for Young Child (HBYC) programme was introduced under POSHAN Abhiyaan.
    • The scheme was approved for awarding States/UTs/Districts for achieving disease free status in TB/Leprosy/Malaria/Kala-Azar/Lymphatic-Filariasis/Cataract.  
    • Also, approval was given to the National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme that aided in the prevention, management and treatment of Hepatitis A, B, C and E.



    Context: PM Modi participates in ‘Kashi Ek Roop Anek’ event held at Deen Dayal Upadhyay Trade Facilitation Center Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.


    WHAT IS IT?:  ‘Kashi Ek Roop Anek’, is basically a cultural arts and handicrafts exhibition held in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

    ‘Kashi Ek Roop Anek’ showcased products from over 10,000 artisans from all over Uttar Pradesh. There are 23 lakh artisans and weavers that resides in Uttar Pradesh. Out of these, about 35,800 artisans and 1.5 lakh weavers stay in Varanasi alone Earlier, the Uttar Pradesh government had launched the ambitious scheme ‘One District, One Product’ (ODOP) in which one craft per district was identified. The state government has established raw material banks, testing labs, common facility centres, and facilitated direct market access to artisans and weavers and helping them improve their income. PM Modi not only inspected the stall of Handloom, Pink Meenakari, Wooden Toys, Chandauli Black Rice, Kannauj’s Perfume, Moradabad’s Metal Crafts, Agra Leather Shoes, Lucknow’s Chikankari, and Azamgarh Black Pottery under the One District One Product but also interacted with artisans and craftsman. He also distributed kits and financial assistance to artisans and craftsman from different crafts. WHAT IS ‘ONE DISTRICT, ONE PRODUCT’ SCHEME OF U.P. GOVERNMENT?

      The UP government’s One District, One Product Programme aims to encourage such indigenous and specialized products and crafts. 

      MISSION: One District One Product Programme is aimed at creating product-specific traditional industrial hubs across 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh that will promote traditional industries that are synonymous with the respective districts of the state.

      There are products in UP that are found nowhere else – like the ancient and nutritious ‘Kala namak’ rice, the rare and intriguing wheat-stalk craft, world-famous chikankari and zari-zardozi work on clothes, and the intricate and stunning horn and bone work that uses the remains of dead animals rather than live ones, a nature-friendly replacement for ivory.


      • Agra: Leather Products

      • Aligarh: Locks and Hardware

      • Ambedkar Nagar: Textile Products

      • Amethi: Moonj Products

      • Amroha: Musical Instruments

      • Auraiya: Food Processing (Desi Ghee)

      • Ayodhya: Jaggery

      • Azamgarh: Black Pottery

      • Baghpat: Home Furnishing

      • Bahraich: Wheat-Stalk Handicrafts

      • Ballia: Bindi (Tikuli)

      • Balrampur: Food Processing (Pulses)

      • Banda: Shazar Stone Craft

      • Barabanki: Textile Products

      • Bareilly: Zari-Zardozi

      • Basti: Wood Craft

      • Bhadohi: Carpet (Dari)

      • Bijnor: Wood Craft

      • Budaun: Zari-Zardozi

      • Bulandshahar: Ceramic Product

      • Chandauli: Zari-Zardozi

      • Chitrakoot: Wooden Toys

      • Deoria: Decorative Products

      • Etawah: Textile Products

      • Etah: Ankle Bells (Ghungroo), Bells and Brass Products

      • Farrukhabad: Textile Printing

      • Fatehpur: Bedsheets and Iron Fabrication Works

      • Firozabad: Glassware

      • Gautam Buddh Nagar: Readymade Garments

      • Ghazipur: Jute Wall Hanging

      • Ghaziabad: Engineering Goods

      • Gonda: Food Processing (Pulses)

      • Gorakhpur: Terracota

      • Hamirpur: Shoes

      • Hapur: Home Furnishing

      • Hardoi: Handloom

      • Hathras: Hing Asafoetida

      • Jalaun: Handmade Paper Art

      • Jaunpur: Woollen Carpets (Dari)

      • Jhansi: Soft Toys

      • Kannauj: Perfume (Attar)

      • Kanpur Dehat: Aluminum Utensils

      • Kanpur Nagar: Leather Products

      • Kasganj: Zari Zardozi

      • Kaushambi: Food Processing (Banana)

      • Kushinagar: Banana Fiber Products

      • Lakhimpur Kheri: Tribal Craft

      • Lalitpur: Zari Silk Sarees

      • Lucknow: Chikankari & Zari Zardozi

      • Maharajganj: Furniture

      • Mahoba: Gaura Stone Craft

      • Mainpuri: Tarkashi Art

      • Mathura: Sanitary Fittings

      • Mau: Powerloom Textile

      • Meerut: Sports Products

      • Mirzapur: Carpets

      • Moradabad: Metal Craft

      • Muzaffarnagar: Jaggery

      • Pilibhit: Flute

      • Pratapgarh: Aamla Products

      • Prayagraj: Moonj Products

      • Raebareli: Wood Work

      • Rampur: Applique Work along with Patch Work, Zari Patchwork

      • Saharanpur: Wood Crafting

      • Sambhal: Handicraft (Horn-Bone)

      • Sant Kabir Nagar: Brassware Craft

      • Shahjahanpur: Zari Zardozi

      • Shamli: Iron Arts

      • Shravasti: Tribal Craft

      • Siddharthnagar: Kala Namak Rice

      • Sitapur: Carpet (Dari)

      • Sonbhadra: Carpets

      • Sultanpur: Moonj Products

      • Unnao: Zari Zardozi

      • Varanasi: Banarasi Silk Saree

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