BLUE REVOLUTION THROUGH CSS
Context: The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying since 2015-16 has been implementing Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries with a total central outlay of Rs.3000 crore for development of fisheries.
The CSS is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories to supplement their efforts by providing financial assistance for development of fisheries sector in the country. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has eight fisheries research institutes and thirty three research centres which are located at different strategic location. The Institutes and research centres of ICAR are located in the States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Assam and have been extending their services to different stakeholders of the country. Under the CSS, financial assistance is also provided to ICAR Institutes for various fisheries related activities like technology upgradation, fish disease surveillance and control programme, propagation of fisreries technologies and fish culture activities.
WHAT IS BLUE REVOLUTION?
Blue Revolution, the Neel Kranti Mission has the vision to achieve economic prosperity of the country and the fishers and fish farmers as well as contribute towards food and nutritional security through full potential utilization of water resources for fisheries development in a sustainable manner, keeping in view the bio-security and environmental concerns.
Key Objectives of the Revolution
- Fully tap the total fish potential of the country both in the inland and the marine sector and triple the production by 2020.
- Transform the fisheries sector as a modern industry with special focus on new technologies and processes.
- Double the income of the fishers and fish farmers with special focus on increasing productivity and better marketing post-harvest infrastructure including e-commerce and other technologies and global best innovations.
- Ensure inclusive participation of the fishers and fish farmers in the income enhancement.
- Triple the export earnings by 2020 with focus on benefits flow to the fishers and fish farmers including through institutional mechanisms in the cooperative, producer companies and other structures.
- Enhance food and nutritional security of the country.
The restructured Plan Scheme on Blue Revolution – Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries has been approved at a total central outlay of Rs 3000 crore for implementation during a period of 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries has restructured the scheme by merging all the ongoing schemes under an umbrella of Blue Revolution. The Blue Revolution scheme has the following components:
- National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities
- Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Operations
- Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector
- Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector
- Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions
- National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen
Central Financial Assistance
Broad patterns of Central funding for new projects under four components viz
(a) National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities,
(b) Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture,
(c) Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post- Harvest Operations and
(d) National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen are as below:
- 50% of the project/unit cost for general States, leaving the rest to State agencies/organisations, corporations, federations, boards, Fishers cooperatives, private entrepreneurs, individual beneficiaries.
- 80% of the project/unit cost for North-Eastern/Hilly States leaving the rest to State agencies/Organizations, Cooperatives, individual beneficiaries etc.
- 100% for projects directly implemented by the Government of India through its institutes/organisations and Union Territories.
In case of projects under the remaining three components scheme, there shall be implementation with 100% central funding. These three components include:
(i) Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector,
(ii) Institutional Arrangement for the Fisheries Sector and
(iii) Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based interventions.
Apart from above, individual beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and cooperatives/collectives of the Union Territories shall also be provided Central financial assistance at par and equal to such beneficiaries in General States.
The scheme would be implemented through the following agencies:
- Central Government, Central Government Institutes/Agencies, NFDB, ICAR Institutes etc.
- State Governments and Union Territories
- State Government Agencies, Organisations, Corporations, Federations, Boards, Panchayats and Local Urban Bodies
- Fishers Cooperatives/Registered Fishers Bodies
- Individual beneficiaries/fishers, Entrepreneurs, Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) Groups, Women and their Co-operatives, SHG’s and Fish Farmers and miscellaneous Fishermen Bodies.
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