Daily Current Affairs: 30th January 2020: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
Context: Cabinet has approved the extension of Productivity Linked Reward Scheme for the employees/workers of the Major Port Trust and Dock Labour Board for the period beyond 2017-18.
Key Highlights of the Scheme The Scheme will annually benefit to 28,821 Major Port Trusts and Dock employees/workers and the yearly estimated outgo will be Rs.46 crore. Productivity Linked Reward will be calculated on the existing wage ceiling for calculation of Bonus at Rs. 7000/- per month. This Scheme is fostering better industrial relationship and congenial work atmosphere in the Port Sector, apart from stimulating better productivity. There is an existing scheme of Productivity Linked Reward (PLR) for the employees/workers of Major Port Trusts and Dock Labour Board, wherein Productivity Linked Reward is granted on the basis of the composite Ports Performance Index (50% weightage to All India Performance and 50% weightage to individual port performance) on yearly basis based on the settlement arrived at between Management and the Labour Federations of the Major Port Trusts.
Context: The Union Cabinet, has given its approval to the official amendments in the National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019 for amending the Homoeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973. Presently, the Bill is pending in Rajya Sabha. What is the significance of the amendments proposed? The amendments will ensure necessary regulatory reforms in the field of Homoeopathy education and will also enable transparency and accountability for protecting the interest of the general public. The Commission will promote availability of affordable healthcare services in all parts of the country. Key Highlights of the Bill The National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha on January 7, 2019. The Bill seeks to repeal the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 and provide for a medical education system which ensures : (i) Availability of adequate and high quality homoeopathic medical professionals, (ii) Adoption of the latest medical research by homoeopathic medical professionals, (iii) Periodic assessment of medical institutions, and (iv) An effective grievance redressal mechanism. Constitution of the National Commission for Homoeopathy: The Bill sets up the National Commission for Homoeopathy (NCH) which will consist of 20 members, appointed by the central government. These posts will have a maximum term of four years. The Search Committee will consist of 6 members including the Cabinet Secretary and 3 experts nominated by the central government (of which two will have experience in the homoeopathic field). Members of the NCH will include: (i) the Chairperson, (ii) the President of the Homoeopathy Education Board, (iii) the President of the Medical Assessment and Rating Board for Homoeopathy, (iv) the Director General, National Institute of Homoeopathy, (v) Advisor or Joint Secretary in-charge of Homoeopathy, Ministry of AYUSH, and (vi) four members (part-time) to be elected by the registered homoeopathic medical practitioners from amongst themselves from the prescribed regional constituencies under the Bill. Within three years of the passage of the Bill, state governments will establish State Medical Councils for Homoeopathy at the state level. Key Functions of the National Commission for Homoeopathy: The major functions of the NCH include: (i) framing policies for regulating medical institutions and homoeopathic medical professionals, (ii) assessing the requirements of healthcare related human resources and infrastructure, (iii) ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils of Homoeopathy of the regulations made under the Bill, and (iv) ensuring coordination among the autonomous boards set up under the Bill. Provision for Autonomous boards: The Bill also sets up certain autonomous boards under the supervision of the NCH. These boards are: (i) The Homoeopathy Education Board which will be responsible for formulating standards, curriculum, guidelines for setting up of medical institutions, and granting recognition to medical qualifications at the undergraduate and post graduate levels respectively, . (ii) The Medical Assessment and Rating Board for Homoeopathy which will determine the process of rating and assessment of medical institutions and have the power to levy monetary penalties on institutions which fail to maintain the minimum standards It will also grant permission for establishing a new medical institution, (iii) The Board of Ethics and Medical Registration for Homoeopathy which will maintain a National Register of all licensed homoeopathic medical practitioners, and regulate their professional conduct. Only those medical practitioners included in the Register will be allowed to practice homoeopathic medicine. Provision for the Advisory Council for Homoeopathy: Under the Bill, the central government will constitute an Advisory Council for Homoeopathy. who will be the primary platform through which the states/union territories can put forth their views and concerns before the NCH. Further, the Council will advise the NCH on measures to determine and maintain minimum standards of medical education. Provisions for Entrance examinations: There will be a uniform National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to under-graduate homoeopathy education in all medical institutions regulated by the Bill. The NCH will specify the manner of conducting common counselling for admission in all such medical institutions. The Bill proposes a common final year National Exit Test for the students graduating from medical institutions to obtain the license for practice. Further, there will be a uniform Post-Graduate National Entrance Test which will serve as the basis for admission into post-graduate courses at medical institutions. The Bill also proposes a National Teachers’ Eligibility Test for postgraduates of homoeopathy who wish to take up teaching homoeopathy as a profession. Appeal on matters related to professional and ethical misconduct: State Medical Councils will receive complaints relating to professional or ethical misconduct against a registered homoeopathic medical practitioner.
Context: The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.
Salient features of proposed amendments (i) Proposing requirement for opinion of one provider for termination of pregnancy, up to 20 weeks of gestation and introducing the requirement of opinion of two providers for termination of pregnancy of 20-24 weeks of gestation. (ii) Enhancing the upper gestation limit from 20 to 24 weeks for special categories of women which will be defined in the amendments to the MTP Rules and would include ‘vulnerable women including survivors of rape, victims of incest and other vulnerable women (like differently-abled women, Minors) etc. (iii) Upper gestation limit not to apply in cases of substantial foetal abnormalities diagnosed by Medical Board. The composition, functions and other details of Medical Board to be prescribed subsequently in Rules under the Act. (iv) Name and other particulars of a woman whose pregnancy has been terminated shall not be revealed except to a person authorised in any law for the time being in force. What is the significance of the amendments? Recently a number of petitions were received by the Courts seeking permission for aborting pregnancies at a gestational age beyond the present permissible limit on grounds of foetal abnormalities or pregnancies due to sexual violence faced by women. The proposed increase in gestational age will ensure dignity, autonomy, confidentiality and justice for women who need to terminate pregnancy. It is a step towards safety and well-being of the women and many women will be benefited by this. In order to increase access of women to safe abortion services and taking into account the advances in medical technology, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare proposed amendments after extensive consultation with various stake holders and several ministries.
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Context: ‘Operation Vanilla’ has been launched by Indian Navy to provide Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief.
The ship, INS AIRAWAT, has been given the responsibility to successfully carry out the mission. The Operation is launched following the request recieved from Madagascar. The ship will undertake Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief mission as part of ‘Operation Vanilla’ which has been launched to provide assistance to the affected population of Madagascar post devastation caused by Cyclone Diane.
Context: DoNER Minister reviews preparations for the forthcoming Madhavpur Mela of Gujarat.
Madhavpur Mela will mark the cultural integration of Gujarat with the North-East under the Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. About Madhavpur Mela The annual fair is held at Madhavpur Ghed in Porbandar district and the Mela this year will commence on 2nd April, a day after the Ram Navami festival. Madhavpur Ghed, a small but culturally significant village, is the place where, according to folklore, Lord Krishna married Rukmini, the daughter of King Bhishmaka. Madhavpur lies on the seashore, close to Porbandar. A 15th century Madhavrai temple marks the site. This event is commemorated by a cultural fair held every year, commencing on Ram Navami. A colourful chariot carrying the idol of Lord Krishna circumnavigates the village and the festivities usually continue for five days. The week-long ‘Utsav’ will see a vibrant cultural trail of art, dance, music, poetry, story-telling and folk drama from Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and other North-Eastern States with the aim to integrate the rich cultures of the two regions. About Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat Scheme “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” was announced by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 31st October, 2015 on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Subsequently, the Finance Minister announced the initiative in his Budget Speech for 2016-17.
- All States and UTs will be covered under the programme.
- There will be pairing of States/UTs at national level and these pairings will be in effect for one year, or till the next round of pairings.
- The State/UT level pairings would be utilized for state level activities.
- District level pairings would be independent of the State level pairings.
The broad objectives of the initiative are as follows:- (i) CELEBRATE the Unity in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our Country; (ii) PROMOTE the spirit of national integration through a deep and structured engagement between all Indian States and Union Territories through a year-long planned engagement between States; (iii) SHOWCASE the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either State for enabling people to understand and appreciate the diversity that is India, thus fostering a sense of common identity; (iv) ESTABLISH long-term engagements (v) CREATE an environment which promotes learning between States by sharing best practices and experiences. Engagement matrix between states and UTs
- Jammu & Kashmir
- Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh & Kerala
- Uttarakhand & Karnataka
- Haryana & Telangana
- Rajasthan & West Bengal
- Gujarat & Chhaftisgarh
- Maharashtra & Odisha
- Goa & Jharkhand
- Delhi & Sikkim & Assam
- Madhya Pradesh & Manipur & Nagaland
- Uttar Pradesh & Arunachal Pradesh & Meghalaya
- Bihar & Tripura & Mizoram
- Chandigarh & Dadra & Nagar Haveli
- Puducherry & Daman & Diu
- Lakshadweep & Andaman & Nicobar
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Context: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) launches two online national level services related to Search of Missing Persons and to Generate Vehicle NOC. The services can be accessed through ‘digitalpolicecitizenservices.gov.in’ portal or through a link in the existing ‘Digital Police Portal’. So far such services are being provided through the state citizen portals and it is the first time that these are being launched centrally. “MISSING PERSON SEARCH” : The Citizens can search for their missing kins against the national database of recovered unidentified found person/unidentified dead bodies from their homes. This will hugely benefit relatives of missing persons and save them from running around pillar to post, as all such details including photos are available in Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System and will now be accessible to citizens through this portal at their convenience. In this user friendly search, citizen may enter search criteria in the portal and the system will search it from the available national database across country and will display the result immediately with photograph and other details. “GENERATE VEHICLE NOC” : This allows citizens to ascertain the status of a vehicle before its second hand purchase, as to whether it is suspicious or clean from Police records. This search could be made against National database based on vehicle’s details; one can generate and download the relevant NOC, required by the RTO before the transfer of ownership. CCTNS Hackathon and Cyber Challenge 2020 NCRB and Cyber Peace foundation together have designed CCTNS Hackathon and Cyber Challenge 2020 with the aim to enhance skills and knowledge of law enforcement personnel at ground level. This Hackathon has been organized to offer a unique experience to the participants,to advance their skills and knowledge and to promote coordination with industry and academia. About National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), is an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). It is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India. The current Director of NCRB is Ramphal Pawar (IPS). NCRB was set-up in 1986 based on the recommendation of the Task force, 1985 and National Police Commission, 1977 by merging the Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), Inter State Criminals Data Branch of CBI and Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI.
Context: Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah today released Bureau of Police Research and Development publication “Data on Police Organizations as on 1.1.2019” in India.
The BPR&D has been publishing the “Data on Police Organizations” annually since 1986.
What are the various publications released by BPR&D?
The following important books/journals have also been published by the BPR&D, since October, 2019:- (i) Police Drill Manual (Hindi Edition) (ii) DIPTI (Directory of Indian Police Training Institutions) (iii) Address of Shri Amit Shah during Valedictory Session of 47th All Indian Police Science Congress (AIPSC) on 29th November, 2020 at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. (iv) Profile Book of BPR&D (v) News Bulletin -1st Edition (July-September, 2019) and 2nd Edition (October-December, 2019) (vi) Indian Police Journal – Special issue on “Occupational Stress and Mental Health issues among Uniformed Personnel in India” (July-September, 2019). (vii) Indian Police Journal– (October-December, 2019) About BPR&D The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), was set up on 28 August 1970 in furtherance of the objective of the Government of India for the modernisation of police forces. At present it has4 divisions–Research,Development,TrainingandCorrectional Administration. BPR&D has its headquarters located in New Delhi.
Context: The tableau of Odisha displayed the famous Rukuna Ratha Yatra of Lord Lingaraja during the Republic Day celebrations of 2020.
Lord Lingaraja is worshipped as both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu in a sixth century built temple named ‘Lingaraj Temple’ at Bhubaneswar.
Key highlights of the Yatra
(i) Rukuna Rath Yatra of Lord Lingaraj in Bhubaneswar is one of the biggest festival of the city. (ii) The Chariot Festival of Lord Lingaraja is celebrated at Bhubaneswar on the day of Ashokastami or Basanti Durga Puja.The festival takes place in the month of Chaitra (March-April) the day preceding Ramanavami. (iii) On the day of Ashokastami 3 deities i.e. Chandrasekhar – the representative of lord Lingaraja, Rukmini & Basudeva are ceremonially brought to ascend chariot. (iv) After that, the chariot is drawn to Rameswara temple and remained there for four days called Gundicha Gharand and on the fifth day the three deities start the return journey called Bahuda.
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