Context: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has published the annual Crime in India Report 2018.


The report was published with provisional data, as five States — West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Sikkim — did not send clarifications sought by the NCRB despite repeated reminders. Key Findings of the Report

  • As per the report, there are a total of 3,78,277 cases of crime against women which were reported in the country, up from 3,59,849 in 2017. 
  • Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 59,445 cases, followed by Maharashtra (35,497) and West Bengal (30,394). 
  • The report also found that the conviction rate in rape-related cases stood at 27.2% even though the rate of filing charge-sheets was 85.3% in such cases.
  • According to the Report, cruelty by husband or his relatives (31.9%) followed by assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (27.6%) constituted the major share of crimes against women.
  • A total of 50,74,634 cognizable crimes (including 31,32,954 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 19,41,680 Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes) were registered in 2018, showing an increase of 1.3% in registration of cases compared to 2017 (50,07,044 cases). 
  • The crime rate per lakh population, however, came down from 388.6 in 2017 to 383.5 in 2018.
  • The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes related Acts saw a decline from 6729 incidents reported in 2017 to 4816 in 2018.
  • A total of 29,017 cases of murder were registered in 2018, showing an increase of 1.3% over 2017 (28,653 cases).
  • A total of 76,851 cases of offences against public tranquillity were registered in 2018, out of which rioting, 57,828 cases, accounted for 75.2% of total such cases, the report said.
  • As many as 27,248 cases of cyber crimes were registered in 2018, up from 21796 cases in 2017.

Accidental Death and Suicides in India Report 2018

  • Accidental Death and Suicides in India 2018 report was also released by NCRB, which said that 10,349 people working in the farm sector ended their lives in 2018, accounting for 7.7 % of the total number of suicides in the country. 
  • There were 5,763 farmers/cultivators and 4,586 agricultural labourers among those who ended their lives. 
  • The total number of people who committed suicide in 2018 was 1,34,516, an increase of 3.6% from 2017 when 1,29,887 cases were reported. The highest number of suicide victims were daily wagers — 26,589, comprising 22.4% of such deaths.
  • The majority of the suicides were reported in Maharashtra (17,972) followed by Tamil Nadu (13,896)West Bengal (13,255)Madhya Pradesh (11,775) and Karnataka (11,561).
  • Many States and Union Territories have reported nil data on suicides by farmers, cultivators and farm labourers.  These includes West Bengal, BiharOdishaUttarakhandMeghalayaGoaChandigarhDaman & DiuDelhiLakshadweep and Puducherry.
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