Latest Articles

Top Ad [post page]

Sign Up for Email Updates

CURRENT AFFAIRSNOVEMBER 2019

Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019: The Hindu+PIB


Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019: The Hindu+PIB

The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.


download pdf

As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.






Navigation In Indian Constellation (NavIC)


Context:  India’s regional navigation satellite system, NavIC is soon to be commercialized by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and its older commercial arm Antrix Corporation Ltd.


IRNSS, INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019


Recent Developments in this regard

The oldest commercial arm of ISRO, the Antrix Corporation Ltd. recently floated two separate tenders to identify industries that can develop dedicated NavIC-based hardware and systems. Besides the Antrix tenders, two other recent developments have paved the way for taking NavIC closer to end users.

In mid-October, ISRO announced that Qualcomm Technologies Inc., which is a leading producer of semiconductor chips, had developed and tested NavIC-friendly chipsets across its user bases and that it would add NavIC to them.


NavIC was also certified by the 3GPP (The 3rd Generation Partnership Project), a global body for coordinating mobile telephony standards. The specifications will be available in March 2020 and would be adopted as a national standard. 

About NavIC

NavIC or Navigation in Indian Constellation is the operational name given to the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).

It is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services.

NavIC is basically the Indian system of 7 satellites that is aimed at telling business and individual users where they are, or how their products and services are moving. 


The indigenous positioning or location based service (LBS) works just like the established and popular U.S. Global Positioning System or GPS, but within a 1,500-km radius over the sub-continent.

Its applications include:

  • Terrestrial, Aerial and Marine Navigation.
  • Disaster Management.
  • Vehicle tracking and fleet management.
  • Integration with mobile phones.
  • Precise Timing.
  • Mapping and Geodetic data capture.
  • Terrestrial navigation aid for hikers and travellers.
  • Visual and voice navigation for drivers.
Details of Satellites in NavIC: 
  • IRNSS-1A: Geosynchronous Satellite launched in July 2013 via PSLV-XL-C22; failed in orbit due to failure of Atomic Clocks.
  • IRNSS-1B: Geosynchronous Satellite launched in April 2014 via PSLV-XL-C24 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1C: Geostationary Satellite launched in October 2014 via PSLV-XL-C26 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1D: Geosynchronous Satellite launched in March 2015 via PSLV-XL-C27 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1E: Geosynchronous Satellite launched in January 2016 via PSLV-XL-C31 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1F: Geostationary Satellite launched in March 2016 via PSLV-XL-C32 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1G: Geostationary Satellite launched in April 2016 via PSLV-XL-C33 and is currently operational.
  • IRNSS-1H: Launched in August 2017 via PSLV-XL-C39; it failed as the payload fairing failed to separate and satellite could not reach the desired orbit. It was meant to replace defunct IRNSS-1A.
  • IRNSS-1I: Geosynchronous Satellite launched in April 2018 via PSLV-XL-C41 and is currently operational.
About other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)
  • BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS): BeiDou, or BDS, is a regional GNSS owned and operated by the People's Republic of China. China is currently expanding the system to provide global coverage with 35 satellites by 2020. BDS was previously called Compass.
  • Galileo: Galileo is a global GNSS owned and operated by the European Union. The EU declared the start of Galileo Initial Services in 2016 and plans to complete the system of 24+ satellites by 2020.
  • GLONASS (Globalnaya Navigazionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema, or Global Navigation Satellite System): GLONASS is a global GNSS owned and operated by the Russian Federation. The fully operational system consists of 24+ satellites.
  • Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS): QZSS is a regional GNSS owned by the Government of Japan and operated by QZS System Service Inc. (QSS). QZSS complements GPS to improve coverage in East Asia and Oceania. Japan plans to have an operational constellation of 4 satellites by 2018 and expand it to 7 satellites for autonomous capability by 2023.
  • Global Positioning System (GPS): The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally NAVSTAR GPS, is a satellite-based radio-navigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force. It consists a constellation of a total of 33 satellites with 31 satellites in orbit.


SUEZ CANAL


Context: Recently Suez Canal has completed its 150 years of formation in 2019.


SUEZ CANAL, INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019

The Suez Canal which was opened in 1869 as a vital shortcut for military and commercial shipping, but 150 years later vessels have other options available for traversing the seas other than the venerable Mediterranean-Red Sea shipping lane.

About the Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is basically a sea-level waterway located in Egypt, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. It extends from the northern terminus of Port Said to the southern terminus of Port Tewfik at the city of Suez.

The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Egypt.

Under the Convention of Constantinople, it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag".


The canal holds a strategic importance as it offers watercraft a more direct route between the North Atlantic and northern Indian oceans via the Mediterranean and Red seas, thus avoiding the South Atlantic and southern Indian oceans.

Background

It was constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869, and was officially opened on 17 November 1869.

The United Kingdom and France owned the canal until July 1956, when the President of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser, nationalized it - an event which led to the Suez Crisis of October-November 1956.


Egypt opened a major expansion of the canal in August 2015, deepening the main waterway and providing ships with a parallel 22-mile channel. The expansion allows two-way traffic along part of the route for the first time and the passage of larger vessels.




GLYPHOSATE


Context: German pharma company Bayer is facing thousands of lawsuits over its GLYPHOSATE-based herbicides for their alleged cancer risks.

Background

The herbicides produced are based on a compound called glyphosate. First developed in 1970, glyphosate is scientifically N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine under the IUPAC system of nomenclature.


GLYPHOSATE,  INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019

The chemical is generally applied to the leaves of plants to kill weeds. It is widely used in India, too. This weedkiller in India goes by various brand names, including Roundup, Glycel, and Brake.

It was in 2015, when the Word Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) published a study that found glyphosate is “probably carcinogenic to humans”. Activists have been campaigning against glyphosate-based products.


In August 2018, a jury in California said that Monsanto (the company which Bayer acquired in 2018), should have warned of the alleged cancer risks. Bayer, however, has said it has strong support from US farmers who want the company to keep the product. 

What are the key damages caused by Glyphosate to humans?

Short-term exposure to glyphosate isn’t something that is need to worry much about. But, it’s long-term risk may be a concern. Following are the possible damages that glyphosate can cause to humans:
  • Some studies suggest glyphosate may be linked to cancer.
  • It can cause damage to Kidney and Liver
  • Glyphosate may cause problems with your endocrine system that can be linked to developmental and reproductive issues
  • Pregnant women and children may have higher risks because children and developing fetuses may be more susceptible to carcinogens.

VIGYANIKA


Context: Vigyanika – an International Science Literature Festival –is planned to be held during the 5th India International Science Festival (IISF) beginning in Kolkata on November 5, 2019.

What is it?

Vigyanika will showcase science communication efforts and concepts through an interesting mix of media including drama, poetry, panel discussions and paper presentations.


VIGYANIKA,  INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019

The Vigyanika  will also include a science book fair displaying scientific publications from more than 30 reputed publishers.

It is being coordinated by the CSIR-National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (CSIR-NISCAIR), Vigyan Prasar, and Vigyan Bharati.


It will see nearly 75 eminent science communicators, authors, researchers and science journalists from India, USA, UK, South Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam and Nepal addressing more than 200 delegates from across the country.

About India International Science Festival 2019

India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 is an annual event organised jointly by science and technology related Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and Vijnana Bharati (Vibha). 

Vigyan Prasar is the nodal agency to coordinate the IISF 2019.

This is the fifth edition since its inception in 2015

Theme 2019:  RISEN India – Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation.





5th Global Exhibition on Services (GES)


Context: The curtain raiser of 5th Global Exhibition on Services (GES) is planned to be launched by the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry & Railways, Piyush Goyal, in New Delhi on 5th November 2019. 


GES 2019,  INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019


About GES 2019

GES 2019 proposes to focus on Services sector excellence to expand its global footprint and provide an ideal platform for showcasing services sector opportunities to Indian as well as Global counterparts. 

Four editions of GES have already been held. The event is organised by Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry in partnership with Services Export Promotion Council (SEPC) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

The objective is to give focused attention to the following 12 identified Champion Services Sectors for promoting their development and realizing their potential:

1. Accounting & Finance

2. Media & Entertainment

3. IT & ITES

4. Health & Wellness

5. Infra & Construction

6. Legal

7. Transport & Logistics

8. Banking, Financial & Insurance

9. Communications

10. Tourism & Hospitality

11. Education


12. Environment

GES 2019 will host focused knowledge sessions on key Champion Services Sectors and will cater to many B2B, B2G and B2C meetings. Key highlights of GES 2019 include: 
  • Focus on increasing ‘trade in services’.
  • Showcasing 12 Champion Services Sectors.
  • Over 500 participants from 100 countries.
  • Knowledge Sessions focussed on Champion Services Sectors.
  • States/Theme Pavilions.
  • Huge participation of overseas delegates.
  • Overseas delegations led by industry leaders.
  • Release of Report on Services Sectors.
  • Avenues for partnerships through B2B, B2G, G2G meetings.
  • Studio Talks.
  • Display of Culture & Cuisine.
  • Food Festivals, Cultural Evenings, Networking Dinners

The ‘India Services’ brand was created by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry to represent the services sector of India. The services sector having overtaken agriculture and manufacturing in terms of growth and size is a key driver of global trade and a very valuable source of employment.


ICEDASH and ATITHI


Context: Two new IT initiatives – ICEDASH and ATITHI – for improved monitoring and pace of Customs clearance of imported goods and facilitating arriving international passengers by electronic filing of Customs baggage and currency declarations was recently launched by the Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs.


ICEDASH AND ATITHI,  INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019

Both ICEDASH and ATITHI would be key drivers for further improvement especially as they reduce interface and increase transparency of Customs functioning.

About the initiatives

ICEDASH: ICEDASH is an Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) monitoring dashboard of the Indian Customs to help public see the daily Customs clearance times of import cargo at various ports and airports. 

With the help of ICEDASH, Indian Customs has taken a lead globally to provide an effective tool that helps the businesses compare clearance times across ports and plan their logistics accordingly. 

This dashboard has been developed by CBIC in collaboration with NIC

ICEDASH can be accessed through the CBIC website.


ATITHI: With the help of ATITHI, CBIC has introduced an easy to use mobile app for international travelers to file the Customs declaration in advance. Passengers can make use of this app to file declaration of dutiable items and currency with the Indian Customs even before boarding the flight to India.  ATITHI is available on both, iOS and Android.

ATITHI would in particular create a tech savvy image of India Customs and would encourage tourism and business travel to India.

ATITHI app will facilitate hassle free and faster clearance by Customs at the airports and enhance the experience of international tourists and other visitors at our airports. 





Vigyan Samagam


Context: India’s first-ever global Mega-Science exhibition, ‘Vigyan Samagam’, was inaugurated at the Science City in Kolkata on 5th November 2019.

This multi-venue Science Exhibition, after its successful journey in Mumbai and Bengaluru, is now open for public in Kolkata


VIGYAN SAMAGAM, ICEDASH AND ATITHI,  INDIATHINKERS Daily Current Affairs: 5th November 2019

Vigyan Samagam will be in Kolkata till December 31, 2019.

The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Department of Science and Technology (DST), the funding agencies of these projects and the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, who are venue partners and having expertise in design and hosting such exhibitions, have joined hands to organize this prestigious Science Exhibition.

Vigyan Samagam exhibition will traverse its visitors through the world from micro to macro, unveiling the efforts of the international community in understanding the Universe. 

From discovery of the Higgs particle to that of gravitational waves from merger of neutron stars and black holes, these projects throw light on crucial questions related to the origin of the Universe and its evolution through its various stages. 

The Exhibition will highlight India’s contribution to the world’s science, technology and innovation, and researches in the areas of high energy physics, nuclear physics, astronomy and astrophysics, nuclear energy etc. 

After Kolkata, Vigyan Samagam will commence its final leg in New Delhi. It will be put up at the National Science Centre from 21st January, 2020 and will close on 20th March, 2020

Thereafter it will remain as a permanent exhibition at New Delhi and will be taken care-off by National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture.



SkillsBuild platform


Context: SkillsBuild Platform has been launched by the Directorate General of Training (DGT), under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in collaboration with IBM.


SkillsBuild, INDIATHINKERS

Key Highlights

As part of the programme, a two-year advanced diploma in IT, networking and cloud computing, co-created and designed by IBM, will be offered at the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) & National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs).

The platform will be extended to train ITI & NSTI faculty on building skills in Artificial Intelligence (AI). SkillsBuild offers digital learning content from IBM and partners such as CodeDoor, Coorpacademy and Skillsoft.

The digital platform will also provide a personal assessment of the cognitive capabilities and personality via MyInnerGenius to the students. They will then learn foundational knowledge about digital technologies, as well as professional skills such as resume-writing, problem solving and communication. Students will also receive recommendations on role-based education for specific jobs that include technical and professional learning.

This initiative is part of IBM’s global commitment to create a job-ready workforce and to build the next generation of skills needed for new collar careers. 

The platform is deployed with the support of leading NGOs like Unnati and Edunet Foundation. IBM Volunteers along with the NGOs will offer students personalised coaching and experiential learning opportunities.

IBM joined hands with Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in early 2018 to launch a first-of-its kind "New Collar Curriculum". Post the successful completion of the course, in September 2019, 19 students were offered a 5 month paid internship at IBM.



READ MORE
4th November 2019 Current Affairs
3rd November 2019 Current Affairs

No comments:

Post a Comment

Bottom Ad [Post Page]