Daily Current Affairs: 7th September 2019: The HINDU+PIB

6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue

Context: 6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue is planned to be held between 7th to 9th September 2019.

6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue

The Dialogue is going to comprise round table meetings of Joint Working Groups (JWG) on Infrastructure, High-Tech, Energy, Pharmaceuticals, Resource Conservation, and Policy coordination followed by technical site visits and closed door G2G meetings.

Background 

SED has since then served as an effective mechanism for boosting the bilateral practical cooperation since December 2010, when the then Chinese President Wen Jiabao visited India. The SED was set up between erstwhile Planning Commission and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). Under the aegis of the SED, senior representatives from both sides come together for enabling ease of doing business and facilitating bilateral trade and investment flows. At the 2nd Strategic Economic Dialogue which took place in November 2012  at New Delhi, constitution of 5 standing Joint Working Groups (JWGs) on Policy Coordination, Infrastructure, Environment, Energy, and High Technology was decided under the SED. Further, 6th Joint Working Group on Pharmaceuticals has also been constituted after the 5th SED.

Structure of Strategic Economic Dialogue

SED Mechanism is going to be headed this year by NITI Aayog (earlier Planning Commission) on the Indian side and National Development and Reforms Commission (NDRC) on the Chinese side.

About 5th Strategic Economic Dialogue

The 5th SED was held in Beijing on April 14 2018 right before the informal Wuhan Summit between the leaders of the two countries. Pointing towards the immense potential of bilateral cooperation in the Pharma sector, the Indian side made a representation to constitute a Joint Working Group on Pharmaceuticals in order to progressively address market access and related issues under the SED umbrella. The JWG on Pharmaceuticals has since been constituted and its first Meeting was held in May at Beijing this year.

28th Indo–Thai CORPAT

Context: The 28th edition of India-Thailand Coordinated Patrol (Indo-Thai CORPAT) between the Indian Navy (IN) and the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) is being conducted from 05 – 15 September 2019.

28th Indo–Thai CORPAT

SHIPS INVOLVED: Indian Naval (IN) Ship Kesari and His Majesty’s Thailand Ship (HTMS) Kraburi in addition to Maritime Patrol Aircraft from both the navies are participating in the Exercise. Since 2003, Indian Navy ships and aircraft of Andaman and Nicobar Command have been participating in the biannually held Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) with the Royal Thai Navy (RTN). The major objectives of the exercise are to ensure effective implementation of United Nations Conventions on Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS) which specify regulations which provides for:

  • Protection and conservation of natural resources.
  • Conservation of marine environment.
  • Prevention and suppression of illegal, unregulated fishing activity/ drug trafficking/ piracy.
  • Exchange of information in prevention of smuggling, illegal immigration and conduct of Search and Rescue operations at sea.

The 28th cycle of Indo-Thai CORPAT will further boost strong bilateral ties and maritime cooperation between India and Thailand.

Mega Food Park

Context: Union Minister inaugurates First Mega Food Park in Lakkampally district of Telangana state.

Mega Food Park

The Mega Food Park will involve an additional investment of about Rs. 250 crore in 22 food processing units in the park and generate a turnover of about Rs. 14000 crore. It will also provide direct and indirect employment to 50,000 youth and will be benefiting about 1 lakh farmers. It shall also facilitate doubling of farmer’s income by 2022 which has always been the primary agenda of Govt in the field of agriculture.

About the Scheme

The Mega Food Park Scheme aims to provide a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers so as to ensure maximizing value addition, minimizing wastage, increasing farmers income and creating employment opportunities specifically in the rural sector. The Mega Food Park Scheme works on a “Cluster based Approach.”  These parks typically consist of supply chain infrastructure including collection centers, central processing centers, cold chain, primary processing center and around 25-30 fully developed plots for entrepreneurs to set up food processing units. The Mega Food Park project is implemented by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) which is a Body Corporate registered under the Companies Act.

Pattern of Assistance under Mega Food Park Scheme

A capital grant at the rate of:

  • At a rate of 50% of the eligible project cost (The eligible project cost is defined as total project cost but excluding cost of land, pre-operative expenses and margin money for working capital)  in general areas. 
  • At the rate of 75% of eligible project cost in difficult and hilly areas i.e. North East Region including Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and ITDP notified areas of the States subject to a maximum of Rs. 50 crore per project.

Program Management Agency (PMA) is appointed by the Ministry to provide management, capacity building, coordination and monitoring support. A separate amount, to the extent of 5%of the overall grants available, is earmarked for meeting the cost of the above and also other promotional activities by the Ministry.

The process of Release of Grant

The grant-in-aid under the scheme is released in 4 different installments of 30%, 30%, 20% and 20%, as per the following schedule:

  • First Installment after ensuring expenditure of at least 10% of the eligible project cost on the project components;
  • Second installment after proportionate expenditure by SPV from term loan and equity equivalent to the grant amount released as first installment;
  • Third installment after proportionate expenditure by SPV from term loan and equity equivalent to the grant amount released as second installment;
  • Fourth and final installment is subject to successful completion of project and commencement of operations after ensuring expenditure of 100% envisaged contribution of SPV which will include term loan and equity on the approved project components.

There are 16 Mega Food Parks that are currently operational. These are:

  • Srini Mega Food Park, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh.
  • Godavari Mega Aqua Park, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh.
  • North East Mega Food Park, Nalbari, Assam.
  • Gujarat Agro Mega Food Park, Surat, Gujarat.
  • Cremica mega Food park, Una, Himachal Pradesh.
  • Integrated Mega Food Park, Tumkur, Karnataka.
  • Indus Mega Food Park, Khargoan, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Paithan Mega Food Park, Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
  • Satara Mega Food Park, Satara, Maharashtra.
  • MITS Mega Food Park, Rayagada, Odisha.
  • International Mega Food Park, Fazilka, Punjab.
  • Greentech Mega Food park, Ajmer, rajasthan.
  • Patanjali Food and Herbal Park, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.
  • Himalayan Mega Food Park, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand.
  • Jangipur Bengal Mega Food Park, Murshidabad, West Bengal.
  • Tripura Mega Food Park, West Tripura, Tripura.

CRANIOPAGUS TWINS

Context:  The rarest of the rare surgery or otherwise known as the “AIIMS Delhi Jagga and Balia craniopagus surgery” was sucessfully performed recently. The twins separated through the surgery belongs to Odisha.

CRANIOPAGUS TWINS

This surgery holds importance as it is the India’s only successfully surgery for craniopagus twins. This was the first successful craniopagus conjoined twin separation surgery from India wherein both the children had survived.

What are Craniopagus Twins?

Craniopagus twins are conjoined twins that are fused at the cranium (Part of Skull). This condition occurs in about 10–20 babies in every million births. Worldwide only 10-15 children have survived after surgical separation of this condition in the last 50 years. Among this small group, craniopagus twinning, represents the rarest of congenital abnormalities, accounting for 2–6% of all conjoined twins. These twins are genetically identical and always have the same sex. In craniopagus twins, the union may occur on any portion of the cranium, but does not include either the face. In such twins, the thorax and abdomen are separate and each twin has its own umbilicus and umbilical cord. According to a study, relatively very few craniopagus twins have survived the perinatal period approx 40% of conjoined twins are stillborn and an additional 33% die within the immediate perinatal period, usually from organ abnormalities and failure.

GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD

Context: National Green Tribunal has asked the Centre to prepare a plan for the protection of Great Indian Bustard following the high mortality rate of the bird.

GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD

About the Great Indian Bustard

The Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is a bustard that is found on the Indian subcontinent. It is a large bird with a horizontal body and long bare legs, which gives it an ostrich like appearance, and is among the heaviest of the flying birds.  It is the State Bird of RAJASTHAN.

Conservation Status of Great Indian Bustard

The bird is listed under the following:

  • Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972. 
  • CMS Convention.
  • Appendix I of CITES.
  • Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List and the National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016). 

It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. In 2011, this species was uplisted from Endangered to Critically Endangered by Birdlife International. The bird is found in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Desert National Park, near Jaisalmer and coastal grasslands of the Abdasa and Mandvi talukas of Kutch District of Gujarat support some populations of this species.

QUICK FEEDS

National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis

PM Modi will be launching National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis on 11 September 2019 in Mathura. National Artificial Insemination Programme is also planned to be launched on same day.

  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of Rs.12,652 crore from 2019 to 2024.
  • Its major aim is to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.

‘Superbugs: The End of Antibiotics?’

It is an exhibition that has been organised by National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) in collaboration with Science Museum, Group, London, Wellcome (UK) and which is supported by ICMR at the National Science Centre, New Delhi. The exhibition is comprised of 3 major sections i.e., Microscopic, Human and Global.

  • The Microscopic Section explores the hidden world of bacteria, whether it is about their size or characteristics, evolution of superbugs or history of antibiotics.
  • Human Section presents the several stories, specifically from India, of how people are approaching to combat the challenge of antibacterial resistance
  • The third, `global’, section, put forwards the efforts that are being taken at the global level to deal with these superbugs. This section depicts how researchers are crossing continents in search of new antibiotics and how a global community is coming together to tackle them on an large scale.

Swachhata Awards

Indian Railways has been awarded for the best ministry for implementation of Swachhata action plan for 2018-19 by the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CST) Mumbai was also presented the best Swachh iconic Place award under the Swachh Bharat Mission initiative. The 3 best stations as per Cleanliness Ranking Survey for 2018 i.e. Jodhpur, Jaipur & Tirupati.

LINE OF CREDIT to Russia

Recently, India has extended a line of Credit of $1 billion to Russia for the development of Russian Far East. This was the first time India has extended such credit to a developing country which so far was only extended to the least developing nations. The importance of Line of Credit is explained in the following infographic.

LINE OF CREDIT to Russia

Robert Mugabe

The Strongman of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, who was the first Prime Minister and later the President of Independent Zimbabwe, has died at the age of 95 years. He was the oldest head of the State in the world and the only leader Zimbabweans had known since independence in 1980. Mugabe was conferred as an African liberation hero and champion of racial reconciliation when he first came to power in a nation divided by nearly a century of white colonial rule.

Robert Mugabe

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6th September 2019 Current Affairs

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