Daily Current Affairs: 28th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
Context: National Tribal Festival “Aadi Mahotsav” is going to be organised by Ministry of Tribal Affairs at India Expo Centre, Sector-62, Noida (UP).
Scheme of Festival: It is the celebration of the spirit of Tribal Culture, Craft, Cuisine and Commerce. Exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings fabric, jewellery and much more through 70 stalls will be done at this festival. More than 200 tribal artisans and artist belonging to different states will be participating in the festival.
Apart from above efforts, TRIBES India has signed the MoUs with Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, PayTM and GEM, a government of India portal for e-commerce of the tribal products. About Aadi Mahotsav It is a combined initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, GoI & Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED). Theme of Festival : “A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce”. Significance of the Festival Aadi Mahotsav focuses on the ‘Adi’ factor i.e., The Adivasi way of life which is guided by primal truths, eternal values and a natural simplicity. The event holds significance as it provides a platform and representation to tribal arts and culture and the crudest tribal handicrafts which touches a primal instinct in all of us.
National Film Archive of India (NFAI)
Context: National Film Archive of India (NFAI) has recently discovered 30 reels of unedited footage on Mahatma Gandhi that amounts to almost 6 hours of duration. About the Discoveries
- The reels so discovered are 35mm celluloid footages, unedited and stock shots with title cards in between.
- These are taken by several prominent film studios of the time, such as Paramount, Pathe, Warner, Universal, British Movietone, Wadia Movietone.
- The important highlight of the discovery is a rare 30 minutes footage that has visuals of a special train carrying Mahatma Gandhi’s ashes from Madras to Rameshwaram.
- The footage also has visuals of a ‘sea of humanity’ present at what looks like Marina beach in the then Madras city, pushing and struggling with each other carrying flags and banners to pay their last respects to the Mahatma.
- There is also a visual which shows Manilal Gandhi which seems to be a rare one from the collection. (Manilal Gandhi was the 2nd son of Mahatma Gandhi and also served as the editor of ‘Indian Opinion’ a Gujarati-English weekly publication, at Phoenix, Durban in South Africa).
- Another very important footage shows Mahatma’s South India tour and Harijan Yatra in January-February 1946.
- The collection has a reel that showcases Mahatma and Kasturba engaged in various activities at Sevagram Ashram in Wardha, Maharashtra.
- The collection also has various unseen visuals of VD Savarkar looking into the camera.
- An exclusive footage of Haripura Congress session with shots of Subhash Chandra Bose.
- Many major political leaders of the time including Pt Nehru, Sardar Patel, Sarojini Naidu, Maulana Azad figure prominently in the footage.
About National Film Archive of India
The National Film Archive of India was established as a media unit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in February 1964.
It is a member of the International Federation of Film Archives. Its major objective includes:
- To acquire, trace and preserve for posterity the heritage of Indian cinema;
- To classify, document data and undertake research relating to films;
- To act as a centre for the dissemination of film culture.
NFAI has its headquarters in Pune, Maharashtra with three regional offices at Bangalore, Calcutta and Thiruvananthapuram.
10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029)
Context: A 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029), focusing on sustaining the sanitation behavior change achieved under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) has been launched by The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoI.
Key Highlights of the Strategy
- This strategy has been prepared by DDWS, in consultation with State Governments and other stakeholders.
- It lays down a framework to guide local governments, policy makers, implementer and other relevant stakeholders in their planning for ODF Plus.
- This 10-year-strategy majorly focuses on the requirement for States/UTs to continue their efforts to sustain the benefits of the mission through capacity strengthening, IEC (Information, education and communication), organic waste management, plastic waste management, grey water management and black water management.
About Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014.
The Mission Coordinator for SBM is Secretary, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) and has two Sub-Missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
The major aim of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is to achieve a clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019.
To improve the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
To create motivation among communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education.
To promote cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
It also aims at developing community managed sanitation systems to focus on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
It also has the objective to create significant positive impact on gender and promote social inclusion by improving sanitation especially in marginalized communities.
‘Fire Safety in India’
Context: Fire Safety in India is the key topic of discussion on the 15th Formation Day of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
The theme of this year’s Formation Day was ‘Fire Safety’.
A total of three technical sessions were held during the event. These are:
- The First session discussed Fire Risk in India and focused on emerging issues on Fire Safety Management in the country, like Train Fires, Electric Vehicles charging stations and Fires in Warehouses. It also discussed the presentations on the issues pertaining to Forest Fires – factors and management of forest fires and their linkages with global warming and climate change.
- The Second session held discussions on various measures that could be taken to prevent and mitigate fire related events. It saw presentations on how to reduce Fire risk, especially in the urban areas.
- The Third Session involved the presentations on challenges related with Fire Fighting Institutions and on the aspects related to the need of modernization and technological upgradation of Fire Services in the country.
National Guidelines on Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction, for disaster risk reduction in the country were also released by NDMA.
Apart from above guidelines, a number of other publications were also launched including:
- Home Owner’s Guide for Earthquake and Cyclone Safe Homes
- National Landslide Risk Management Strategy
- Temporary Shelters for Disaster Affected Houses
- Pocket Book on Do’s and Don’ts
- Study Report on Gaja Cyclone 2018
- Heat Wave Threshold Estimation Study
- Earthquake Disaster Risk Index
India has became the first country in the world to come out with National Guidelines on Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction.
KAZIND – 2019
Context: Joint Military Exercise KAZIND-2019 between India and Kazakhstan will be conducted at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from 2nd to 15th October 2019.
The exercise will comprise of nearly 100 soldiers from both Indian and Kazakhstan Army.
It is the 4th edition of an annual event which is alternatively conducted in Kazakhstan and India.
The major aim of this exercise is to conduct company level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.
The previous (3rd) version of the exercise was held in Otar region, Kazakhstan.
Context: Since its inception in September 2018, Govt. of India’s Tobacco Quitline, for counselling in south Indian languages, has received more than 5 lakh calls.
The Tobacco Quitline 1800-11-2356 was started by the Union Ministry in April 2018 and is displayed on all tobacco products. This toll-free service provides counselling and strategies for quitting tobacco use.
The Tobacco Quitline is monitored by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru.
Another programme named ‘mCessation’ Programme is another Centre’s initiative to quit tobacco and is a text messaging programme for mobile phone uses. The person looking to quit tobacco can give a missed call to 011-22901701 after which, they will be sent a series of messages over several months.
According to a 2018 report published by the online journal BMJ Innovations that the ‘mCessation’ Programe in India had seen a 19% quit rate.
LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
Context: RBI has formed an internal working group to review the current liquidity management framework with a view to simplify it. Key highlights of the recommendations (i) According to the recommendations, the guiding principle for an effective liquidity management framework should be:
- The liquidity framework should be guided by the objective of maintaining the call money rate close to the policy rate.
- The framework should be consistent with the policy rate.
- The framework should not undermine the price discovery in the inter-bank money market.
(ii) The current liquidity management framework should largely continue in its present form- a corridor system with the call money rate as the target rate.
(iii) The framework should be flexible while the corridor system would normally require the system liquidity to be in a small deficit, if financial conditions warrant a situation of liquidity surplus, the framework should be adaptable.
(iv) The recommendations also includes minimization of the number of operations as an efficient goal of the framework. (v) It was also recommended that the build-up of a large deficit or surplus should be offset through appropriate durable liquidity operations.
SASTRA RAMANUJAN AWARD 2019
Context: The 2019 edition of the prize will be awarded to the mathematician Adam Harper, Assistant Professor with the University of Warwick, England to honour his several outstanding contributions to analytic and probabilistic number theory.
Sastra Ramanujan Award was instituted in the year 2005. It is awarded every year by the SASTRA University on its campus near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, on Ramanujan’s birth anniversary, December 22. It carries a citation and an award of $10,000. The age limit for the award is 32 years to commemorate the fact that Ramanujan accomplished a phenomenal body of work in this short span.