Daily Current Affairs: 27th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
National Tourism Awards 2017-18
Context: The National Tourism Awards 2017-18 are planned to be presented on World Tourism Day with a total of total of 76 Awards under various categories to be presented this year.
India has been chosen as the host country for the World Tourism Day Celebration 2019 by the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). A total number of 82 international delegates are also participating in the World Tourism Day Celebration. Theme for 2019: ‘Tourism and Jobs: A better future for all’ Objectives of World Tourism Day: The main purpose of World Tourism Day (WTD) is to promote awareness among the global community about the importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value. The event seeks to address the worldwide challenges outlined in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and highlighted the contribution that can be made by the tourism sector. The awards are presented annually by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India to State Governments / UTs, classified and heritage hotels, approved travel agents, tour operators, tourist transport operators, individuals and other private organizations.
Indigenous Fuel Cell System
Context: First of its kind indigenous Fuel cell system has been been launched on the occasion of CSIR Foundation Day.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed the first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System in collaboration with Indian industries under India’s flagship program named “New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)” Following industries and CSIR’s labs are involved:
- CSIR’s 3 Laboratories [CSIR-NCL, Pune; CSIR-NPL, New Delhi & CSIR-CECRI, Karaikudi (Chennai Center)]
- 2 Indian industries i.e., M/s Thermax Limited, Pune and M/s Reliance Industries Limited, Mumbai.
About the Fuel Cell System This is a 5 kW fuel cell system which generates power in an eco-friendly manner using methanol / bio-methane, releasing heat and water as by-products for further use. This fuel cell system amounts to more than 70% efficiency, which on the other hand may not be possible by other energy sources. These indigenously developed Fuel Cells are based on High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology and is most suitable for distributed stationary power applications (for small offices, commercial units, data centers etc.; where highly reliable power is essential with simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning). Significance of the System This system is supposed to meet the requirement of a efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations and strategic applications and is believed to replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce dependence of India on crude oil.
‘Singapore India Hackathon 2019’
Context: The second edition of joint hackathon with Singapore, the ‘Singapore India Hackathon 2019’ is going to be hosted by India at IIT Madras.
This is the first-of-its-kind joint International hackathon between India and any other country with an aim of promoting engagement and collaboration of student community in India with the rest of the world. It has also planned to develop innovative and out-of-the-box solutions for some of the problems which are difficult to deal and is faced by our societies. This 2nd edition of Singapore India Hackathon 2019 will be flagged by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), MHRD’s Innovation Cell (MIC), All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in collaboration with Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore and NTUitive Pte Ltd at IIT Madras, Chennai. Theme for 2nd Edition: The hackathon is focused on 3 major themes this year. These are:
- ‘Good Health and well-being’
- ‘Quality Education’
- ‘Affordable and Clean Energy’
This year the Hackathon will be having 20 teams and it will be for the first time that each participating team would include3 students from India and3 students from Singapore. The 1st edition of the Singapore India Hackathon was held at NTU, Singapore in November, 2018. It was based on the theme ‘Smart Campus’. Prize distribution: The prize will be awarded as follows:
- First Prize: $10,000
- Second Prize: $8,000
- Third Prize: $6,000
- Fourth Prize: $4,000
- Prize of Encouragement: For a total of 6 more teams with $2,000 per team.
International Conference-Cum-Buyer Seller Meet
Context: An International Conference-cum-Buyer Seller Meet is recently held in AGARTALA. The conference has been organized by Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, GoI, in cooperation with govt. of Tripura. Sellers from these 8 countries are involved in the Conference-Cum-Buyer Seller Meet: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia, UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait and Greece. 30 exporters and representatives from Indian states of Tripura, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh also participated. It is to be noted that the Tripura has some very specific commodities like pineapple, ginger, turmeric among horticultural produce and aromatic rice, corn and some oil-seeds among the agricultural produce. About APEDA The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the GoI under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act which was passed by the Parliament in December, 1985. The Authority replaced the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC). Export promotion and development of the following food products are monitored by APEDA includes:
- Fruits, Vegetables and their Products.
- Meat and Meat Products.
- Poultry and Poultry Products.
- Dairy Products.
- Confectionery, Biscuits and Bakery Products.
- Honey, Jaggery and Sugar Products.
- Cocoa and its products, chocolates of all kinds.
- Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverages.
- Cereal and Cereal Products.
- Groundnuts, Peanuts and Walnuts.
- Pickles, Papads and Chutneys.
- Guar Gum.
- Floriculture and Floriculture Products.
- Herbal and Medicinal Plants.
It is also responsible for the import monitoring of sugar.
3rd India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2019
Context: The Third Edition of India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2019 has been launched recently in New Delhi.
Theme 2019: ‘Universal Basic Income for Farmers’
Organized by: Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW), GoI.
The Department is organizing the 3rd edition of India Agricultural Outlook Forum during September 26-27, 2019 in New Delhi.
The Forum has progressively emerged out as a critical platform to discuss the national and international agricultural outlook and to focus on the latest emerging issues of national as well as global importance.
The main focus of this year’s forum would be on the Universal Basic Income (UBI) for Farmers and other major challenges and opportunities before the agricultural sector which includes the ways to manage excess production, price forecasting, artificial intelligence, water management, input markets, insurance, among others.
Background of the Forum ‘India Agricultural Outlook Forum’ has been organized by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW), GoI since 2017. The First Edition of the Agricultural Outlook Forum was organized in August 2017 in association with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This forum discussion was mainly focused on:
- Farm revenue and sustainability;
- Role of innovative technology;
- Use of Big Data in agriculture; and
- Strengthening of crop estimation systems.
The 2nd India Agricultural Outlook Forum was held inSeptember 2018 on focusing on long-term demand and supply projections of agricultural commodities for India prepared byNITI AayogandGlobal Agriculture Outlook (preparedby Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)). The major issues addressed in 2nd edition of the Forum, include:
- Regulatory issues in agriculture,
- Need for innovative farm technology and management,
- Challenges in water management and agricultural insurance,
- Crop residue management,
- Agricultural trade.
“Voluntary Code of Ethics”
Context: As agreed on behalf of its members, the Internet & Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) will observe the “Voluntary Code of Ethics” during all the future elections which also includes the ongoing General Elections to the Haryana & Maharashtra legislative assemblies.
IAMAI and social media platforms Facebook, Whatsapp, Twitter, Google, Sharechat and TikTok had presented and observed this “Voluntary Code of Ethics” during the 17th Lok Sabha General Election in 2019.
Key Highlights of the “Voluntary Code of Ethics”
- According to the Code, social media platforms will voluntarily organize the information, education and communication campaigns in order to create awareness including electoral laws and other related instructions.
- A high priority dedicated grievance redressal channel have been created by the Social Media platforms for taking action on the cases reported by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
- A notification mechanism has been built by the Social Media Platforms and ECI with the help of which ECI can notify the relevant platforms regarding the potential violations of Section 126 of the Representation of People Act, 1951 and other electoral laws.
- Pre-certification for all political advertisements on the platforms must be ensured by the respective platforms from the Media Certification and Monitoring Committees as per the directions of Supreme Court.
- The platforms which are participating in advertisement are committed to facilitate transparency in paid political advertisements, including utilising their pre-existing labels/disclosure technology for such advertisements.
Kalam Centre for Science and Technology An MoU has been signed between Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), Ministry of Defence and Central University of Jammu (CUJ) for the establishment of Kalam Centre for S&T. The major objective of the MoU is to undertake multidisciplinary directed basic and applied research and technology development in the identified research verticals namely; Computational System Security and Sensors. It is to be noted that Central University of Jammu is a Central Government funded University, which was established under Central Universities Act 2009. CARICOM group of countries Caribbean Community (CARICOM), formerly (1973–2001) known as the Caribbean Community and Commons Market, is an organization of Caribbean countries and dependencies which were originally established as the Caribbean Community and Commons Market in 1973 by the Treaty of Chaguaramas. The permanent secretariat of CARICOM has its headquarters in Georgetown, Guyana. Members: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. Associate Members: Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. Observer Countries: Aruba, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela New Snake species named after Shiv Sena Chief’s Son This new species of snake has been discovered in the Western Ghats in Maharashtra and is named after Tejas Thackeray, who is the younger son of Shiv Sena son Uddav Thackeray.
The species was named after him due to the fact that he spotted the species named Boiga thackerayi, during his research in 2015. The species falls in the category commonly called cat snakes and belong to the genus Boiga. 21/BORISOV This is the first observed interstellar comet and the second observed interstellar object after Oumuamua, which has been officially detected in our solar system. Named 2I/Borisav, in which ‘I’ stands for ‘Interstellar’, and ‘2’ for being the second interstelar object discovered, after ‘Oumuamua’, detected in October 2017. The name Borisov honours the Crimean amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov who is the discoverer of this interstellar entity. The comet has a diameter between 2 to 1 kilometers and is currently on his way towards the Sun. It will be atperihelion (closest approach) on December 8 at a distance of 300 million Kilometers i.e., about twice the average distance of Earth from the Sun.