Last updated on April 1, 2020
Daily Current Affairs: 26th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
Context: Centralised Public Grievances Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) reforms in Department of Posts has been recently launched.
The latest version of CPGRAMS will help in reduction in grievance disposal time and improved quality of grievance redressal. Apart from CPGRAMS reforms, various other initiatives such as amendment in Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 was also mentioned during the launch. The Government has also amended Rule 54 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 by a notification dated 20th September, 2019. As per the amended Rule, the family of a Government servant, who dies within 7 years of joining service, will also be eligible for family pension at enhanced rate of 50% of last pay drawn, for a period of 10 years. The decision to amend Rule 54 will benefit the people of the country, specially CAPFs with young deaths. What is CPGRAMS? Centralized Public Grievance Redress And Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) is an online web-enabled system over National Informatics Network (NICNET) developed by NIC, in association with Directorate of Public Grievances (DPG) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG). It is the platform which is based on web technology primarily aiming to enable submission of grievances by the aggrieved citizens from anywhere and anytime (24×7) basis to Ministries/Departments/Organisations who scrutinize and take action for speedy and favorable redress of these grievances. Tracking grievances is also facilitated on this portal through the system generated unique registration number. There are a number of issues which are not taken up for redressal:
- Subjudice cases or any matter concerning judgment given by any court.
- Personal and family disputes.
- RTI matters.
- Anything that impacts upon territorial integrity of the country or friendly relations with other countries.
NATIONAL WATER MISSION AWARDS- 2019
Context: Union Minister for Jal Shakti Shri Gajendra Singh Sekhawat recently presented the National Water Mission Awards 2019.
Background ‘National Water Mission Awards’ has been instituted by the National Water Mission, Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti to recognize excellence in water conservation, efficient water use and sustainable water management practices. These awards has 5 goals and 39 strategies which are prescribed in the Mission Document. One of the strategies of National Water Mission under Goal IV is to incentivize the organization/ companies through awards for water conservation and efficient use of water. Hence, the NWM has initiated the ‘National Water Mission Awards’ to recognize excellence in water conservation, efficient water use and sustainable water management practices. These awards are presented in 10 categories defined under five goals of NWM. These categories are as follow:
- Comprehensive Water Data Base in Public Domain.
- Assessment of the impact of Climate Change on Water Resources.
- Promotion of citizen and state action for water conservation, augmentation and focused attention to vulnerable areas including over-exploited area.
- Increasing Water use efficiency by 20% (Local Individuals/Farmers/Citizens)
- Increasing Water use efficiency by 20% (Water Users Associations/ Self Help Groups/ Resident Welfare Associations).
- Increasing Water use efficiency by 20% (Public Agencies –ULBs/Cities, Govt Organisations).
- Increasing Water use efficiency by 20% (Industries/Corporate).
- Increasing Water use efficiency by 20% (Small and Medium Enterprises).
- Promotion of basin level integrated water resources management.
The prize money for the awards is:
- First – Rs. 2 lakh;
- Second – Rs. 1.5 lakh;
- Third – Rs. 1 lakh.
12th Meeting of National Institute of Technology, Science Education and Research (NITSER)
Context: 12th Meeting of National Institute of Technology, Science Education and Research (NITSER) in New Delhi was chaired by Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’.
The meeting was attended by Directors of the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur and Chairpersons of Board of Governors of these Institutes. During the meeting, the report of the ‘NIT Think Tank’ Committee was elaborately discussed to improve upon rankings of the NITs & IIEST. Key decisions taken during the meeting: Following are the important decisions that were taken in the Council meeting :-
- To launch the recruitment drive to fill up approximately 2200 faculty positions by December, 2019.
- To provide in-principal approval for implementation of Tenure Track System for Faculty Recruitment after further examination of the issues highlighted by few of the Institutes.
- To ensure sustainable development of Institutes in Thrust Areas like :
- Earthquake resistant structures;
- Mapping of available ground water;
- Artificial intelligence;
- Research in ethics in technology;
- Research in artificial intelligence and robotics for humanities;
- Developing technologies for recycling of waste for useful applications;
- Cyber security for sustained efforts & focus;
- Climate disaster resilience, urban risk reduction;
- Resilience in socio ecological systems;
- Blockchain technology in conventional and non-conventional communication media;
- Digital manufacturing and IIOT;
- Solar thermal
- The recommendations of the Oversight committee regarding anomalies in the recruitment rules of faculty were also accepted.
- Council also decided to accept tuition fee waiver to SC/ST/PH M.Tech. student in NITs & IIEST where such fee waiver is not available to SC/ST/PH M.Tech. students.
‘Sardar Patel National Unity Award’
Context: It is the highest civilian award in the field of contribution to the unity and integrity of India, instituted by Government of India in the name of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. This Award seeks to recognize notable and inspiring contributions in the field of national unity and integrity and to reinforce the value of a strong and united India. It will be announced on the occasion of the National Unity Day, i.e. the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel on 31st October.
The Award will be conferred by the President by a Sanad under his hand and seal and presented by him in a presentation ceremony along with the Padma award presentation ceremony held in Rashtrapati Bhawan. Prime Minister will constitute an Award Committee, which would include:
- Cabinet Secretary;
- Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister;
- Secretary to the President;
- Home Secretary as Members; and
- Three-four eminent persons selected by the Prime Minister.
There would be no monetary grant or cash award attached to this Award. Also, not more than three Awards would be given in a year. Further, it would not be conferred posthumously (except for very rare and highly deserving cases). The Nominations would be invited every year. All citizens, without distinction of religion, race caste, gender, place of birth, age or occupation, and any institution/organization would be eligible for the Award. Any Indian national or institution or organization based in India would be able to nominate an individual for consideration for this Award. Further, individuals may also nominate themselves. State Governments, UT Administrations and Ministries of Government of India may also send nominations.
National Level Seminar cum Exhibition and Demonstration on Anti-Drone Technology
Context: National Level Seminar cum Exhibition on Anti-Drone Technology is planned to be organized by Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D), under the Ministry of Home Affairs on September 26, 2019.
The Seminar would be held at the BPR&D headquarters in New Delhi and the demonstrations at BSF Campus, Bhondsi, Haryana on 27th September 2019.
Objectives of the Seminar The major objective of the seminar cum exhibition and demonstration is to make sure that the Police officers from all States, Union Territories, CAPFs, CPOs have updated information about Anti- Drone Technology and to explore the best comprehensive and compatible solution to control rogue drones. Seminar Highlights Three sessions would be covered under the Seminar. These are:
- ‘Threat Perspective— Border — Oil/Gas — Critical Infrastructure — Civil Aviation — Terrorism — Law enforcement’ would be covered by distinguished panellists from States Police, CAPFs, IAF, Industry and ONGC to highlight threats from rogue drones.
- ‘Understanding Anti-Drone Detection, Identification, Tracking, Mitigation of Rogue Drones would be covered by distinguished panellists from the industry so that the participants are familiarised with the latest Anti-Drone technologies/equipment available.
- ‘Policy Framework for Anti-Drone Technology’ would be covered by distinguished panellists from DGCA, Bureau of Civil Aviation, Airport Authority of India and Industry.
‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’ Campaign
Context: The new TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign, along with the National TB Prevalence Survey was recently launched by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare.
Multi-stakeholder and community participation shall form the pivot of the countrywide campaign.
The new TB campaign aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country, by 2022. This includes preventive and promotive approaches, and proposes potentially transformative interventions such as engagement with private sector health care providers, inter-ministerial partnerships, corporate sector engagement, latent TB infection management, and community engagement. The three most important and strong pillars of the campaign include clinical approach, public health component and active community participation. Other supporting elements of the campaign comprise private sector engagement, patient support, and political and administrative commitment at all levels. Other initiatives released during the campaign includes:
- TB India Report (2019);
- Work Place Policy Framework for TB;
- Operational Guideline for Employer Led Model on TB;
- Training module for transforming TB survivor to TB champion;
- Elected Representative’s Handbook on TB
Apart from the above initiatives, the Union Health Minister also launched an all oral regimen kit for multi-drug resistant TB (MDR TB) patients which does not include injections which are painful and can have side effects. Further, a partnership with the World Bank which is providing a $400 million credit for accelerating TB response in 9 states through private sector engagement was also announced. Awards for tackling TB In addition to above campaigns, states were awarded for their excellent performance in tackling TB.
- Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat comes out to be best performers among states with a population greater than 50 lakhs.
- Tripura and Sikkim were awarded among states with medium population (i.e., less than 50 lakhs).
- Puducherry and Daman and Diu were the best performers among Union Territories.
Status of TB related initiatives in India A number of important policy initiatives has been taken up by the government in the past few years which resulted in an increase in the number of cases reported to the government. There has been an increase of 17% in one year with number of TB cases increasing from 18 lakhs in 2017 to 21.5 lakh in 2018. Further, the notifications from private sector health care providers reached 5.4 lakhs, an increase of 40%, contributing to 25% of all TB notifications. The GoI has also partnered with the Global Fund to launch JEET (Joint Effort for Elimination of TB), a private sector engagement program operating in 45 cities across the country. In April 2018, the government launched the Nikshay Poshan Yojana, which is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme to provide nutritional support to TB patients. Under the scheme, TB patients have been receiving Rs. 500 per month for the entire duration of treatment. Since the inception of the scheme, a total amount of Rs. 427 crore has been paid to over 26 lakhs beneficiaries through direct transfers to their bank accounts.
Exercise MALABAR 2019 The 23rd edition of the Trilateral Maritime Exercise MALABAR, has been scheduled between the navies of India, Japan and USA from 26 Sep to 04 Oct 19 off the coast of Japan. The Exercise was originally begun in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the United States, Japan became a permanent partner in 2015. Past non-permanent participants are Australia and Singapore. Representations includes –
- INDIA : Stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, AsW corvette INS Kiltan and a Boeing P-8I Neptune aircraft.
- JAPAN : Helicopter destroyer JS Kaga, guided missile destroyers JS Samidare and JS Choukai, and a P1 aircraft.
- USA : USS McCampbell and a Boeing P-8A Poseidon aircraft.
ICGS ‘Varaha’ To further strengthen the coastal security, Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh commissions Indian Coast Guard Ship ‘Varaha’. The ship has been built by Larsen & Toubro (L&T). ICGS ‘Varaha’, the state-of-the-art offshore patrol vessel, was commissioned into the Coast Guard fleet. It is the 4th among the series of 7 ships to be delivered by L&T with features like ultra-advanced navigation, communication sensors and machinery. It will be operating from the port of New Mangalore on the West Coast covering Exclusive Economic Zone up to Kanyakumari. ICGS ‘Varaha’ is capable of operating the indigenously-developed Advanced Light Helicopter by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The ship is well equipped with high speed boats, medical facilities and modern surveillance systems. HURUN INDIA RICH LIST 2019 The Hurun report is a luxury publishing and events group set up in London in 1998 with a very stron presence in China. The list has been released by the Hurun Report India and IIFL Wealth. The report noticed that the richest Indian saw their average wealth decline by 11% over the past years. The list collected data on 953 individuals across 41 industries in 2019 and kept the cutoff at a minimum wealth of Rs 1,000 crore. For the 8th consecutive year, Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has topped the list of richest Indians with a net worth of Rs 3,80,700 crore. The Second position is secured by the London-based SP Hinduja & family, with assests worth Rs 1,86,500 crore followed by Wipro founder Azim Premji at the 3rd place with a total worth of Rs 1,17,100 crore. According to the report, the number of Indians having a net worth greater than Rs. 1000 crore has grown to 953 in 2019 from 831 in 2018 whereas, the number of billionaires in terms of USD has reduced from 141 to 138. Further, it was noted that the combined wealth of top 25 equates to 10% of GDP of India. The report noted that the average wealth decline by 11% while the cumulative wealth has shown an increase of 2% compared to last year.