Daily Current Affairs: 25th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB
The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.
As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.
National Service Scheme
Context: President of India Ram Nath Kovind recently facilitated individuals under the National Service Scheme Awards 2017-18.
These awards are conferred every year by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Department of Youth Affairs to recognise and reward outstanding contributions towards voluntary community service made by the Universities/Senior Secondary (+2) Councils, NSS Units/ Programme Officers and NSS Volunteers.
2019 is the Golden Jubilee year of NSS.
About National Service Scheme It is a Central Sector Scheme of Government of India, Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports. It provides opportunity to the student youth of 11th & 12th Class of schools at +2 Board level and student youth of Technical Institution, Graduate & Post Graduate at colleges and University level of India to participate in various government led community service activities & programmes. The major aim of the NSS is to provide hands on experience to young students in delivering community service. Since its inception in 1969, the number of students strength increased from 40,000 to over 3.8 million up to the end of March 2018 students in various universities, colleges and Institutions of higher learning have volunteered to take part in various community service programmes. The motto of National Service Scheme is NOT ME BUT YOU.
INDIA TOURISM MART 2019
Context: The Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge), inaugurated the exhibition of India Tourism Mart (ITM) 2019 in New Delhi.
India Tourism Mart 2019 has been jointly organized by the Ministry of Tourism and the Federation of Associations in Indian Tourism and Hospitality (FAITH). The major objective of organizing the Mart is positioning the tourism destinations and products of the country in international source markets. This is the 2nd edition of the Mart being organized on lines of major international travel marts held annually in countries across the world. The Mart will provide a platform at the national level for trade and hospitality service providers in the country to interact and conduct business with their counterparts from overseas.
India International Science Festival 2019
Context: The 5th edition of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 will be held at Kolkata from 5th to 8th November, 2019.
“IISF 2019” will play a crucial role in promoting awareness about science among students by bringing science outside the lab.
Theme for 2019 is “RISEN India – Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation.“ The IISF 2019 is the 5th edition since its inception in 2015. The 1st and 2nd IISF were held in New Delhi, the 3rd edition was held in Chennai and the 4th IISF was held in Lucknow. About India International Science Festival 2019 IISF 2019 is an annual event which is jointly organized by the S&T related Ministries and Departments of the GoI and Vijnana Bharati (Vibha), 2019. It is a festival that celebrates the achievements of India’s scientific and technological advancements with students, innovators, craftsmen, farmers, scientists and technocrats from India and abroad. Biswa Bangla Convention Centre and Science City in Kolkata would be the prime sites for the events at IISF 2019.
16th Global SME Business Summit
Context: Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Road Transport & Highways has recently inaugurated the 16th Global SME Business Summit 2019 in New Delhi.
Every year the Summit is organized by Ministry of MSME and Confederation of Indian Industries (CII). Theme 2019: “Making Indian MSMEs Globally Competitive“ Highlights of the Summit
- More than 500 delegates from more than 15 countries attended the Summit.
- The Country sessions with South Korea and Saudi Arabia along with panel discussion on ‘Can MSME’s Contribute 50 percent to Indian’s GDP?’ were also organized.
- Theme paper of the Summit ‘Making Indian SMEs Globally Competitive’ was also released during the Summit.
- During the Summit, it was highlighted that the Government’s target is to increase MSME’s share of 29% of GDP to 50% in next 5 years and raise its export contribution from 49% to 60% . In order to achieve these targets logistics, power and capital cost are planned to be reduced.
- Ministry will be launching a new E-Commerce website ‘Bharat Mart’ soon, to enable MSMEs to sell their products in local as well as international markets.
- Also, it was pointed during the Summit that the Ministry is in the process of developing a digital MSME portal which will work as a virtual meeting place for all stakeholders of the sector.
Importance of MSME Sector Based on the Planning Commission Report of 2012, The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises occupies a very strategic importance in terms of:
- Output (about 45% of manufacturing output);
- Exports (about 40% of the total exports);
- Employment (about 69 million persons in over 29 million units throughout the country).
6th India Water Week – 2019
Context: President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, recently inaugurated 6th India Water Week – 2019.
The Theme for 2019 is “Water cooperation: Coping with 21st Century Challenges.”
India has forged and strengthened international cooperation with 14 countries like Israel, Canada, Japan, Germany and UK in this regard. Japan and European Union have been associated as partner countries for this mega event.
The Ministry of Jal Shakti has come up with Jal Shakti Abhiyan, which is a collaborative effort of the Central and State Governments that aims at accelerating progress on water conservation activities in the most water stressed blocks and districts of India. Under this campaign, the entire Government of India machinery of over 1000 senior Central Government officers have joined the States promoting focused interventions for water collection and conservation, including restoration and renovation of traditional water bodies. About India Water Week India Water Week has been organized by Ministry of Jal Shakti since 2012 as an international event focusing on water related issues. Till now, 5 editions of India Water Week have been organized so far. About 1500 delegates from India and abroad has been participating in this event, which includes about 63 delegates from 28 countries. The 2019 Event has been divided into 15 Seminars, 4 Brainstorming Sessions, 12 Panel Discussions and 6 Special Session.
Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
Context: Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi announced a global Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), at the UN Climate Action Summit 2019 which was held in New York City, USA.
This partnership of national governments, UN agencies and programmes, multilateral development banks, financing mechanisms, private sector, and knowledge institutions will be aimed at promoting the resilience of new and existing infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks to ensure sustainable development. About CDRI Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) is established as a platform to generate and exchange knowledge, and to conduct country-specific and global activities. It will provide technical support and capacity development, research and knowledge management, and advocacy and partnerships to member countries in order to facilitate and encourage investment in disaster resilient infrastructure systems. It is developed through consultations with more than 35 countries with an objective of enabling measurable reduction in infrastructure losses from disasters, including extreme climate events. It aims to enable the achievement of objectives enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals, along with working at the intersection of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Paris Climate Agreement. In its initial stage, CDRI will have its focus on developing resilience in ecological infrastructure, social infrastructure along with a concerted emphasis on health and education, and economic infrastructure with special attention to transportation, telecommunications, energy, and water. In a span of 2-3 years, the coalition further aims to have a 3-fold impact of achieving considerable changes in member countries’:
- Policy frameworks,
- Future infrastructure investments
- High reduction in economic losses from climate-related events and natural disasters across sectors.
It will uphold the UN Agenda 2030 principle of leaving no one, no place, and no ecosystem behind, focusing on the most vulnerable regions and populations, apart from enabling inclusive and deliberative processes to recognize national and local efforts as primal.
Low-Carbon Economy: Climate Action Summit 2019
Context: A brand new initiative was launched at the UN Climate Action Summit that will help guide the world’s heaviest greenhouse gas emitting industries toward the low-carbon economy.
India and Sweden together with Argentina, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, South Korea and the UK, as well as a group of companies announced a new Leadership Group for Industry Transition that will bring about transformation in hard-to-decarbonize and energy-intensive sectors.
This global initiative will have the support from the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Energy Transitions Commission, Mission Innovation, Stockholm Environment Institute, and the European Climate Foundation. Industry sector emissions, including those from hard-to-abate and energy-intensive sectors like steel, cement, aluminum, aviation and shipping are expected to be responsible for 15.7Gt by 2050. About The Climate Action Summit The Climate Action Summit in being held in New York ahead of the UN General Assembly. During the Summit the UN Secretary-General called on all leaders – governments, the private sector, civil society, local authorities and other international organizations – to come with concrete, realistic plans that will boost ambition and rapidly accelerate action to implement the Paris Agreement. The Climate Action Summit focuses on 9 interdependent tracks, led by 19 countries in total and are supported by international organizations in order to implement the Paris Agreement. India along with Sweden, supported by World Economic Forum is leading the ‘Industry Transition’ track meeting.
DADASAHEB PHALKE AWARD
AMITABH BACHCHAN will be honoured with the country’s highest film award, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, this year. This year marks the golden jubilee of Mr. Bachchan in cinema. The Award is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, which is an organization set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It consists of a golden lotus, a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakh and a shawl. It was awarded for the first time in 1969 to actress Devika Rani – “THE FIRST LADY OF INDIAN CINEMA” The award was constituted in the memory of Dadasaheb Phalke, who was an Indian Film-maker and the director of India’s first full-length feature film, Raja Harishchandra (1913). He is regarded as the “Father of Indian Cinema.” CANE AND BAMBOO TECHNOLOGY PARK Union Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) has inaugurated the Cane and Bamboo Technology Park at Burnihat, Assam. It is a Park-cum-Office Premises of Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (CBTC). It has been developed to exclusively deal with Bamboo & Cane, catering to the needs of the industries, entrepreneurs, designers, rural people, crafts persons, policy makers, teachers, technologists and technicians. Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (CBTC) was established in Guwahati as a centre for “Cane and Bamboo Technological Upgradation and Networking Project.” The Department of Science, GoI and the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) were the main stakeholders. WORLD’S FIRST CAMEL HOSPITAL The world’s first camel hospital at DUBAI is built at an estimated cost of 40 million Dirhams, and has opened avenues in 2017 to meet the demands in UAE for an advanced medical facility dedicated to treating camels. KRISHI KISAN APP Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched two mobile Apps – ‘CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging’ in New Delhi. The Krishi Kisan App will provide farmers with information of best demonstration of high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area. The app will also aid in geo-tagging and geo-fencing of crop and give weather forecast message to farmers. With the help of CHC Farm Machinery App, farmers can select and order the required machinery at the rates which are feasible for them from the Custom Hiring Centers located in the radius of 50 Kms. WORLD’S FIRST EMISSION TRADING SCHEME GUJARAT has launched the world’s first market for trading in Particulate Matter (PM) emissions. Launched in Surat, the ETS is a regulatory tool aimed at reducing the pollution load in an area and at the same time aims to minimise the cost of compliance for the industry. It is a market in which the traded commodity is particulate matter emissions. The Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) sets a cap on the total emission load from all industries. As part of the Scheme, various industries can buy and sell the ability to emit particulate matter, by trading permits (in kg) under this cap. It is for the same reason that the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is also called a cap-and-trade market.