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Daily Current Affairs: 24th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB

Daily Current Affairs: 24th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB

The following compilation has been made keeping in mind the need of the UPSC IAS exam. Each and every topic which has been included in this compilation is taken from very authentic and relevant source including The Hindu, The Indian Express, Business Standard, Press Information Bureau, etc.

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As per the evolving pattern of the UPSC IAS prelims and mains exam each and every topic has been handpicked keeping in mind the syllabus of the exam.


Context: According to a new study, the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Current is being helped by the Indian Ocean.

AMOC, Daily Current Affairs

What is Atlantic Meridional Overturning Current?

It is a very large system of ocean currents that operates in the Atlantic ocean, which aids in circulation of water between the north and the south. It is characterised by a northward flow of warm, salty water in the upper layer of the Atlantic, and a southward flow of colder, deep waters that are part of the thermoholine circulation.

How AMOC works?

The AMOC is a subsequently large system of ocean currents,  similar to a conveyor belt, and is dependent on the differences in temperature and salt content – the water’s density.

Now, if the warm water flows northwards it cools and leads to some evaporation, which leads to an increase in amount of salt. A Lower water temperature and a higher salt content of water makes it denser, and hence this water sinks deep into the ocean. This cold, dense water slowly and steadily spreads southwards, several kilometres below the surface. 

Eventually, it gets warmed in a process called "upwelling", after being pulled back to the surface and thus the circulation gets completed.

As the process defines in itself, AMOC makes sure that the world’s oceans are continually mixed, and that heat and energy are distributed around the earth. 

Why it has been studied ?

For the past 15 years, scientists have been worried by the signs that this overturning current i.e., AMOC may be slowing, which could have very severe consequences on global climate.


Context: A national workshop on Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is being organized by National Institute of Disaster Management.

The study has been conducted for developing a scientific tool on PDNA, under the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP).
Key points to remember
The PDNA exercise is led by the government with a support by UN agencies, the World Bank, and the European Union. UNDG coordinates on behalf of the UN system.

Developed by UNDG, the World Bank and the European Union, PDNA is formed as one of the key commitments of their 2008 agreement to develop and use common assessment and recovery planning approaches in post-crisis settings.

These assessments are generally carried out in the aftermath of earthquakes, cyclones, floods and droughts. These assessments have formed the basis for the governments and other stakeholders to develop recovery plans and allocate required resources.
The main objective of PDNA Exercise is to assess the full extent of a disaster's impact, define the needs for recovery, and in so doing, serve as the basis for designing a recovery strategy and guide donor's funding.

‘UMMID’ initiative

Context: The Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Health & Family Welfare launched UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) initiative.

The UMMID initiative is designed on the concept of ‘Prevention is better than Cure’.
The major objectives of UMMID initiative includes :
  • To establish NIDAN Kendras to provide counselling, prenatal testing and diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals wherein the influx of patients is more,
  • To produce skilled clinicians in Human Genetics, 
  • To undertake screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic diseases in hospitals at aspirational districts.
As a part of this initiative, 5 NIDAN Kendras have been established  in the first phase to provide comprehensive clinical care.

As part of the initiative, training centres at Madras Medical Mission- Chennai; SGPGIMS- Lucknow; CDFD – Hyderabad; AIIMS- New Delhi; MAMC- New Delhi; NIIH- Mumbai and CMC Vellore have been supported to provide training in Biochemical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics, and Clinical Genetics to the clinicians from government hospitals.
UMMID initiative will be working towards achieving wellness by promoting prevention of genetic diseases.

UN Report on Climate Change

Context: A UN report compiled by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), states that the 5-year ending 2019 are set to be the hottest ever.

The report also states that the world is falling badly behind in the race to avert climate disaster.

Key Highlights of the Report
According to the report, average global temperature between 2005-2019 is on track to be the hottest of any 5-year period on record.

The report states that the period is currently estimated to be 1.1 degree Celsius above the pre-industrial (1850-1900) times and 0.2 degree Celsius warmer than the 2011-2015.

As noted in the report, the level of carbon dioxide grew 2% in 2018 instead of falling, and reached a record high of 37 billion tonnes.

Also the point of peak emission is nowhere to be found, though these are growing at the same rate as the global economy.

It was also found that the Arctic summer sea ice has declined at a rate of 12% per decade over the last 40 years, with 4 lowest values in the last 5 years.

Overall, the amount of ice lost from the Antarctic ice sheet has increased by a factor of 6 each year between 1979 and 2017, while glacier loss for 2015-19 is also the highest for any 5-year period on record.


Context: Union Home Minister laid the Foundation Stone for the construction of Janganana Bhawan - a new building of the Registrar General of India (RGI) that conducts census- in New Delhi.

As a part of its major initiatives, it was announced that the 2021 census exercise would be carried out digitally and a suggestion for 1 card for all utilities in future was also given.

The decennial census exercise will be undertaken in 2021 and for the first time, move from paper to digital format. A proposal for spending Rs 12,000 crore for the preparation of National Population Register (NPR) and census was also announced.

The upcoming digital census has the potential of bringing all the cards such as Aadhar card, passport, bank account, and driving license on a single platform.

What is National Population Register?

It is a register which links biometric and demographic details of any ordinary resident, thus making it a comprehensive database of residents. This exercise is different from the census and is not linked to the NRC.

For the purpose of the NPR, an ordinary resident is defined as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.


Context: Ministry of Steel has organized the Chintan Shivir: Towards a Vibrant, Efficient and Globally Competitive Indian Steel Sector.

The event aims to bring all stakeholders under a single banner to deliberate on a roadmap to make Indian Steel Sector more vibrant, efficient and globally competitive. 

A new logo of Steel Ministry - "ISPATI IRADA" - has also been launched which aims to increase the appropriate usage of steel in the country and bring more strength to society.

The brand "ISPATI IRADA" will be allowed to be used by entities working on this theme.
About Steel industry of India

During 2014 through 2016, India was the second largest producer of raw steel and the largest producer of sponge iron in the world. The industry produced 82.68 million tons of total finished steel and 9.7 million tons of raw iron. 

Policy for the steel sector is governed by the Indian Ministry of Steel, which is concerned with coordinating and planning the growth and development of the iron and steel industry, both in the public and private sectors.

Most of the PSUs market their steel through the Steel Authority of India (SAIL). The Indian steel industry was de-licensed and de-controlled in 1991 and 1992 respectively.


Mochi Swabhimaan Initiative

The initiative is being lauched by the Union Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and is a nationwide effort in which Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC) will support the cobbler community who provide leather-based services, with CSR funds.

This will ensure that they work in a dignified manner by bringing respect to their skills by giving them better working environment in the form of kiosks/umbrellas.
Shondol Dance
In a remarkable feat, Ladakhi Shondol dance has created history by breaking into the Guiness book of World Records as the largest Ladakhi dance.
Shondol, which is known as the royal dance of Ladakh, is performed by the Takshoma or women dancers to praise the King of Ladakh on special occassions.

The upgradation work of the railway link was inaugurated to connect West Bengal with Bangladesh. This is a 7.5 km long railway track and will help in providing connectivity from West Bengal into Assam via Bangladesh.

On completion, this will prove to be a big boost to trade, tourism and travel between the two nations.

The Haldibari-Chilati railway track was part of the broad guage main route from Kolkata to Siliguri during British undivided Trains from Bangladesh to Darjeeling via Siliguri operated till 1965 which stopped functioning after the 1965 Indo-Pak war. 

KIRIBATI ended relations with Taiwan

Second in a week, Kiribati has also ended relations with Taiwan as a diplomatic ally and has moved towards the mainland China. This drop in diplomatic relations comes after Solomon Islands' Government voted to recognise mainland China over Taiwan.

The number of countries who have diplomatic relations with Taiwan - officially the Republic of China - rather than the mainland Chinese government has shrunk rapidly since 2016.

Present countries who have relations with Taiwan includes Belize, Eswatini, Guatemala, Haiti,  Honduras, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, Nicaragua, Palau, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Tuvalu. 

23rd September 2019 Current Affairs
22nd September 2019 Current Affairs

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