Daily Current Affairs: 14th September 2019: The Hindu + PIB
COP 14 UNCCD : TRIFED-GIZ
Context: Union Minister for Tribal Affairs launched the Biggest Tribal movement in order to promote tribal enterprise through Bamboonomics in the country which will be a beacon for the rest of the world. The movement was launched for combating desertification and the climate change at “The Indian Perspective through Bamboonomics” session at ‘COP 14 UNCCD : TRIFED-GIZ’ organized at Greater Noida Expo. Apart from above, the TRIFED also launched “The 4P1000 Initiative: The Tribal Perspective through Bamboonomics”
4P1000 Initiative: The Tribal Perspective through Bamboonomics
The initiative has been launched as a side event of the COP 14 UNCCD : TRIFED-GIZ. The global initiative “4 per 1000”, was launched by France on 1 December 2015 at the COP 21, and it consists of federating all voluntary stakeholders of the public and private sectors. TRIFED is planning to integrate its Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojna (PMVDY) with this new global environmental intervention termed as TICD (TRIFED’s Initiative to Combat Desertification).
MoU signed between Indian Railways and Confederation of Indian Industries (CII)
Context: An MoU was signed between Ministry of Railways and Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) for facilitation of green initiatives in Indian Railways.
3 Coffee Table Publications – one each on Energy Efficiency, GreenCo Rating and Green Buildings (including railway stations) were also released for wide circulation as part of MoU.
What are the key objectives of MoU?
It focuses on energy efficiency in manufacturing facilities and railway workshops. It aims at Greening of Railway properties. It envisages for the adoption of Demonstrative pilots of ‘net-zero energy buildings/ railway stations’. It lays emphasis on the capacity and skill development by continuous sharing of best practices on energy and environment through training programmes. It also focuses on the development of Green procurement policy, waste management policy, solid waste disposal, carbon neutrality, phytoremediation.
What is GreenCo Rating System?
The GreenCo rating system which is developed by Confederation of Indian Industries focuses on evaluation of the green initiative and the rate of performance of industrial units who are pursuing environmentally sustainable practice and also certifies green building, green campus and green schools etc.
Community Radio Stations
Context: 118 new Community Radio Stations are planned to be set up by the Government of India.
The approved list of applicants includes 16 from Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected districts, 6 from most LWE affected districts, 25 from coastal districts, 17 from Aspirational Districts, 3 from North-East and 2 from Jammu and Kashmir.
Also the applications from NGOs, Educational Institutions (both private and public), and Krishi Vigyan Kendras have been granted approvals.
About Community Radio Stations
These are basically small (low power) FM radio stations which has a coverage area of around 10-15 km radius, depending on the geography of the area. These stations play a important role in spreading of agriculture related information, government schemes which are specifically designed for people’s welfare, weather forecast etc. These Stations are expected to produce at least 50% of their programmes locally, most possibly in local languages or dialects. More than 260 Community Radio Stations across India, broadcasting in various languages including local dialects, provides backward and marginalised communities a good platform to make their voice heard along with an opportunity to express their views.
Maritime Communication Services
Context: Union Minister for Communications, Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice has launched the maritime communication services at Mumbai.
This Maritime Communication Service will enable high-end support to those the in sea by providing access to Voice, Data and Video services while traveling on sailing vessels, cruise liners, ships in India, with the help of satellite technology. NELCO, India’s leading VSAT solutions provider is the first Indian company that will now provide quality broadband services to the maritime sector.
It was in December 2018, that the Government of India announced the licenses for In-flight and Maritime Communications (IFMC) that allows voice and internet services while flying over the Indian skies and sailing in Indian waters, both for international and Indian aircrafts and vessels. The IFMC license is a major initiative of the Telecom Ministry, a move to liberalise satellite communication services in India.
Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
Context: The project named as Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) system has been undertaken by the Department of Telecommunication (DoT) for addressing security, theft and other related concerns including reprogramming of mobile handsets.
What are the major objective of the Project?
The project envisages to following major objectives:
- To block lost/stolen mobile phones across mobile networks in order to curb the theft of mobile phones.
- To facilitate tracing of such reported lost/stolen mobile phones.
- To prevent mobile devices with duplicate and fake IMEIs in the network.
- To curtail the use of fraud imitation of mobile devices.
- To help reduce health risks to the users with the control of use of counterfeit mobile phones.
- To improve QoS and reduce call drops with reduction in use of counterfeit mobile devices.
What is IMEI? How does it work?
International Mobile Equipment Identity or IMEI acts as a unique identity of a mobile phone device. Generally, the number of IMEI number associated with the phone device depends upon the number of SIM slots provided in the phone. Being programmable in nature, the IMEI number can be reprogrammed by some miscreants, which results in cloning of IMEI leading to multiple phone devices with same IMEI number. If such an IMEI is blocked, a large number of genuine mobile phones with the same IMEI number will also get blocked thus causing inconvenience to many genuine customers. Thus, the Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) system has been taken up by the Department of Telecommunication to eliminate duplicate/fake IMEI mobile phones from the network.
POST MILITANCY ‘ADVERSE LIST’
Context: At least 312 Indian-origin Sikhs who are living in foreign countries have been removed from a “adverse list” of Ministry of Home Affairs, thus enabling them to apply for Indian visa and visit the country.
What is the story behind the ‘Adverse List’?
In the 1980s, when Sikh militancy was at its peak, many members of the Sikh community in India and abroad were influenced by anti-India propaganda. In order to escape the authorities, some Sikhs fled India to acquire foreign nationality and took asylum outside the country. Since then, they were placed in the adverse list till 2016, thus making restricting them to avail visa services to visit India. It is to be noted that the list prepared by the intelligence agencies after the 1984 Sikh Riots was available with all Indian missions and it has been a major roadblock for persons who seeks visa even for their family members who were not on the list.
What is the situation now?
Now, Sikhs mentioned in the list could eventually apply for registration, in future, as Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) after they have applied for and held normal visa for a period of 2 years. The list that initially contained 314 entries now have only 2 after the removal of 312 individuals from the list. Now, all Indian missions have been advised to grant appropriate visa to all categories of asylees and derivative asylees (family members) whose names do not appear in the Central Adverse List, in line with the procedure followed for other categories of applicants of that nationality,
Jan Soochna Portal-2019
The first-ever public information portal, Jan Soochna Portal-2019 was launched in Rajasthan on which promises to provide information about government authorities and departments to the public in the true spirit of the Right To Information Act. The portal has been formed by the state government in collaboration with the civil society groups initially giving information pertaining to 13 departments on a single platform. The portal would ensure compliance with Section 4(2) of the RTI Act which mandates the public authorities to disclose information in the public domain, so that the people need not file applications under the law to obtain information.
Interpol Red Notice
The Interpol has issued a Red Notice against Nehal Modi, stepbrother of fugitive diamond trader Nirav Modi, in connection with the Rs 13,578 crore PNB fraud case. It is to be kept in mind that Nehal Modi is a Belgian national. A Red Notice is a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action. It contains 2 types of information:
- Information to identify the wanted person, such as their name, date of birth, nationality, hair and eye colour, photographs and fingerprints if available.
- Information related to the crime they are wanted for, which can typically be murder, rape, child abuse or armed robbery.
These Red Notices are published by INTERPOL at the request of a member country, and must comply with INTERPOL’s Constitution and Rules. However, a Red Notice is not an international arrest warrant.
HANS CHRISTIAN JOACHIM GRAM
166th birth anniversary of microbiologist Hans Christian Joachim Gram was celebrated recently with a doodle.
Hans Christian Joachim Gram was born in 1853, in Copenhagen, Denmark. He is best known for pioneering the method of the Gram stain to identify bacteria, which is still widely used. Gram Staining Method It is a differential staining technique that differentiates bacteria into two groups: gram-positives and gram-negatives. The procedure is based on the ability of microorganisms to retain colour of the stains. Gram-negative bacteria are decolorized by the alcohol, losing the colour of the primary stain, purple. Gram-positive bacteria are not decolorized by alcohol and will remain as purple. The Gram stain is a very important preliminary step in the initial characterization and classification of bacteria. It also enables the bacteria to be examined using a light microscope.
JEEVAN KAUSHAL : CURRICULUM FOR LIFE SKILLS
Union Minister of HRD launched Curriculum for Life Skills designed by University Grant Commission (UGC). It is being designed to impart and strengthen the knowledge, skills and dispositions believed to be the best requisites of the current Industry and thereby empower the talent inherent in each learner. Life skills like communication skills, interpersonal skills, time management, problem solving ability, decision making capacity, leadership ability and integrity play a crucial role in boosting the employability of the students.