Daily Current Affairs: 10th September 2019: The Hindu+PIB
National Animal Disease Control Programme
Context: PM Modi is all set to launch National Disease Control Programme in a major effort towards doubling the Farmers Income.
The Programme will help in eradicating the Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock and will be launched from Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.
The Programme will be a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with 100% funding from the Central Government of Rs 12,652 Crores for a period of 5 years till 2024. The major aim of the programme is to vaccinate over 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against the FMD and 36 million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against the Brucellosis disease. The Programme has two major components:
- To control the diseases by 2025.
- To eradicate diseases by 2030.
Kisan Man Dhan Yojana
Context: PM Modi is set to launch Kisan Man Dhan Yojana on 12th September in Ranchi, Jharkhand.
ABOUT THE SCHEME
- The Scheme will provide a security to the lives of about 5 Crore Small and Marginal Farmers.
- It will be providing a minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month, to those who have attained 60 years of age.
- The scheme comprises a total outlay of Rs 10,774 Crores for the next 3 years.
- All the small and marginal farmers currently between the ages of 18 to 40 years are eligible to apply in the Scheme.
- The monthly contribution of farmers can be made from the installments of PM-KISAN or through CSCs.
7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting
Context: Joint Statement of 7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting Held in Bangkok.
This year the Meeting was chaired by Jurin Laksanawisit, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Commerce of Thailand.
The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or RCEP is the proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the 10 member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) i.e., Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and its six FTA partners i.e., China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand. Its negotiations were officially launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
How Big is RCEP?
According to the 2017 data, RCEP member states accounted for a population of 3.4 billion people with a total GDP(PPP) of $49.5 trillion, which was approximately the 39 percent of the world’s GDP, with the combined GDPs of China and India making up more than half that amount. It is the largest economic bloc of the world, which covers nearly half of the global economy. According to an estimate, the GDP(PPP) of RCEP member states is predicted to amount to nearly $250 trillion by 2050, or a quarter of a quadrillion dollars, with the combined GDPs of China and India making up more than 75% of the amount. Also, the RCEP’s share of the global economy could account for half of the estimated $0.5 quadrillion global (GDP, PPP) by 2050.
India Post Payments Bank
Context: India Post Payments Bank announced the rollout of Aadhaar Enabled Payment Services (AEPS). With the launch of AEPS services, India Post Payment Bank has now become the single largest platform in the country that will provide interoperable banking services to the customers of any bank by leveraging the last mile unprecedented reach of the Postal network. The Network of India Post Payment Bank is complimented with the robust interoperable technology platform set up by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)
About India Post Payment Bank
- It was launched by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on September 1, 2018.
- The India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) has been established under the Department of Posts, Ministry of Communication.
- It is established with 100% equity owned by Government of India.
- The fundamental mandate of India Post Payments Bank is to remove barriers for the unbanked & underbanked and reach the last mile leveraging the Postal network which comprises 155,000 Post Offices (135,000 in rural areas) and 300,000 Postal employees.
- The reach and its operating model of Indian Post Payment Bank is built on the key pillars of India Stack – enabling Paperless, Cashless and Presence-less banking in a simple and secure manner at the customers’ doorstep, through a CBS-integrated smartphone and biometric device.
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Context: India & ADB sign $200 million loan agreement to improve rural connectivity in Maharashtra. The project will improve the condition of about 2,100 kilometers of rural roads to all-weather standards, with climate resilience and safety features, connecting rural communities with productive agricultural areas and socioeconomic centers. Along with the loan, there is also a technical assistance grant of $1 million for enhancing the institutional strength of the Maharashtra Rural Road Development Association (MRRDA) in areas such as road asset management, road safety, climate-resilient design and construction and web-based real-time project monitoring.
About Asian Development Bank
ADB is a regional development bank which was established on 19 December 1966. It is headquartered in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines. The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP, formerly the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East or ECAFE) and non-regional developed countries. Starting from 31 members at its establishment, ADB now has a total strength of 68 members. The ADB had been modeled closely on the World Bank, and has weighted voting system like that of World Bank where votes are distributed in proportion with capital subscriptions of the members. ADB releases an annual report that summarizes its operations, budget and other materials for review by the public. It is an official United Nations Observer. As of 31 December 2016, Japan and United States hold the largest proportion of shares at 15.607%. China holds 6.444%, India holds 6.331%, and Australia holds 5.786%.
CONCLUSION : Sixth India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue
Context: The sixth India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) came to a conclusion which was held from held from 7-9 September 2019 in New Delhi comprising of round table meetings of Joint Working Groups on infrastructure, energy, high-tech, resource conservation and policy coordination.
Key Highlights of the Joint Agreements
Working Group on Policy Coordination: The two sides took up in-depth discussions reviewing trade and investment climates. Potential areas of collaboration across innovation and investment focusing on fintech and related technologies were also highlighted. Working Group on Infrastructure: Both the sides focused on the significant progress made in the feasibility study on Chennai-Bangalore-Mysore railway upgradation project and personal training of Indian senior railway management staff in China, both of which have been completed. They also held detailed discussions on taking forward the study project which explores the possibility of Delhi-Agra high speed railway in the pilot section. Working Group on High-Tech: Discussions were held on technological innovation, industrial situation, and mechanism for further strengthening cooperation as well as on India-China digital partnerships, data governance and related industry policy. Working Group on Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection: The two sides discussed and reviewed the progress made in the fields of water management, waste management, construction & demolition waste and resource conservation. They also pressed upon the need for promoting cooperation in emergent areas like Waste to Power, co-processing of Septage with Sewage Sludge, storm water management etc. Working Group on Energy:Both countries identified future areas of collaboration and resolved to work on Renewable Energy space, Clean coal technology sector, Smart Grid & Grid integration and Smart meters & E-mobility sectors. Both sides agreed on cooperation in R&D for developing new technology for manufacturing solar cell from alternate material and improvement of efficiency of solar cells. Both sides also agreed on cooperation in the field of e-mobility and energy storage. Working Group on Pharmaceuticals: The joint working groups noted that both sides should further strengthen communication to promote pragmatic cooperation. It was also decided that both sides should promote pragmatic cooperation, strengthen complementary advantages in pharmaceutical industry and explore cooperation for promoting Indian generic drugs and Chinese APIs. This will benefit the development of pharmaceutical industry in both countries. source PIB
National Survey to measure the Coverage of Iodised Salt
Context: The First-of-its-kind Survey was conducted by Nutrition International in collaboration with the AIIMS and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD).
The survey which covered a total of 21,406 households in 29 States and 7 Union Territories in India, tested the iodine content in samples of cooking salt from households to estimate the coverage of iodised salt.
Key Highlights of the Survey
- Despite being the third biggest producer of salt in the country, Tamil Nadu has the lowest consumption of iodised salt.
- As per the study 76.3% of Indian households consumed adequately iodised salt (salt with at least 15 ppm of iodine).
- The five worst performers were Tamil Nadu (61.9%), Andhra Pradesh (63.9%), Rajasthan (65.5%), Odisha (65.8%) and Jharkhand (68.8%).
- The Survey also noted that among those listed in worst 5 performer categories are among those who produce salt in large quantities. Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the country, followed by Rajasthan at 17% and Tamil Nadu at 11%. The rest of the country accounts for a mere 1% of salt produced.
- The survey also shows that 13 out of 36 States have already achieved Universal Salt Iodisation or have 90% of households with access to adequately iodised salt.
- The study also examined the urinary iodine concentration in samples from pregnant, lactating and non-pregnant, non-lactating women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in order to estimate the iodine status among them.
Importance of Iodine
Iodine is a vital micro-nutrient for optimal mental and physical development of human beings. Its deficiency can result in a range of disabilities and disorders such as goitre, hypothyroidism, cretinism, abortion, still births, mental retardation and psychomotor defects. Children born in iodine deficient areas may have up to 13.5 IQ points less than those born in iodine sufficient areas.
Thessaloniki International Fair
Context: An Indian delegation led by Minister of State (MoS) for Commerce and Industry, recently participated in the 84th Thessaloniki International Fair (TIF) in Greece. India is the honoured country at the 84th TIF. The TIF September 2019 fair was attended by officials from the various Ministries of Indian Government like the Ministries of Commerce and Industry, Electronics & Information Technology, and Tourism, and officers of Embassy of India in Greece, International Trade Promotion Organisation, India Brand Equity Foundationand Confederation of Indian Industry as well as prominent Indian entrepreneurs.
ANGAN (Augmenting Nature by Green Affordable New-habitat)
It is an international conference which is focused on Energy Efficiency in Building Sector. It is being organized by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Ministry of Power, Government of India in collaboration with GIZ under the Indo German Technical Cooperation. It is estimated that an investment of Rs. 2000 billion in Building energy efficiency activities would lead to a cumulative savings of 388 Billion units of electricity for the next 10 years with payback of about 2 years. About BEE
- It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India. The Government of India has set up Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) on 1st March 2002 under the provision of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001
- It assists in developing policies and strategies with its primary objective to reduce the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
- It coordinates with the designated consumers, agencies, and various other organizations to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in order to perform the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act 2001.
Automobile sales still in free fall
The automobile sales in the country further declined by 23.55% in August 2019 which is the worst drop in monthly sales since the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) started recording wholesale vehicle sales data in 1997-98. This decline in automobile sales follows the steepest decline in sales of 18.71% in nearly 19 years in July 2019. According to the data released, the domestic passenger vehicle sales, i.e., cars, utility vehicles and vans, contracted to about 1.96 lakh units down 31.6% from about 2.87 lakh units in August 2018. Similarly, the sales of light commercial vehicles stood at 36,324 units, down 28.21% from 50,595 units a year ago, while sales of heavy commercial vehicle declined by 54.30% to 15,573 units. Motorcycle sales, which largely reflect the demand slump in the rural market, declined by 22.33% to about 9.37 lakh units, while scooter sales were down 22.19% to about 5.20 lakh units.
UNHRC asks India to end lockdown in J&K
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet have noted the situation in Kashmir and Assam, where lakhs of people have been excluded from the National Register of Citizens, and has urged the Indian government to respect civil rights. The official referred to an entire range of issues across the world but problems of human rights violation from India and Myanmar found greater attention. About UNHRC It is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. It has 47 members which are elected for a 3-year term on a regional group basis. UNHRC has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. It works closely with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and engages the UN’s special procedures. It investigates allegations of breaches of human rights among the UN member states, and further addresses important thematic human rights issues involving:
- Freedom of association and assembly
- Freedom of expression
- Freedom of belief and religion
- Women’s rights
- LGBT rights
- The rights of racial and ethnic minorities