REPORT on Cardiovascular Diseases in India
Context: A study looking into the “Cardiovascular Diseases risk factors in middle-aged adults in 21 countries” has recently been published by the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) in the Lancet and the European Society of Cardiology 2019.
Key Highlights of the Report
- According to the study, CVDs remains the major cause of mortality among the middle aged adults globally. Of the 55 million deaths across the globe in 2017, approximately 17-7 million were due to the CVD.
- Looking at the high income countries, death from cancer is twice that of CVD, but in low income countries, including India also, death from CVD was three times that of cancer.
- CVDs in India are a mostly a result of Household air pollution. This is a greater risk factor for cardiac arrests than for diabetes, tobacco use, low physical activities and poor diet.
- For cooking and heating, at least 65% of the homes in India use biomass fuel, which is a leading cause for household air pollution. But, in case of urban areas, the use of mosquito coils, dhoop sticks and agarbattis contribute to the high household air pollution.
- The High Income Countries involved in the study were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and United Arab Emirates whereas Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Columbia, Iran, Malaysia, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Turkey and South Africa made up the Middle Income countries.
- The Low Income Countries were Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
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