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MEASLES AND RUBELLA

MEASLES AND RUBELLA

Context: World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region have resolved to eliminate highly infectious childhood killer diseases measles and rubella by 2023.

The resolution to eliminate the diseases was adopted at the 72nd session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia in which was held in Delhi.

The elimination of Measles and control over Rubella has been a regional flagship priority since 2014. A number of countries including Bhutan, DPR Korea, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste have eliminated measles, while, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste have controlled rubella.

What do you need to know about Measles and Rubella?

Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease which is caused by a virus. It can result in serious health complications, such as pneumonia and encephalitis (swelling of the brain), and can even cause death.

Rubella is again a viral infection that usually affects the unvaccinated children and young adults. If an unvaccinated woman gets exposed to rubella during pregnancy – especially during her first three months – then, it can have critical conditions including miscarriages, fetal deaths, still births, and having infants born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).





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