Eat Right India Movement
Context: The campaign ‘Eat Right India’ with its new logo and tagline ‘Sahi Bhojan, Behtar Jeevan’ were released by the Health Minister, on the side-lines of the 5-day ‘72nd Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia’.
About the Movement
To improve public health in India and to combat negative nutritional trends to fight lifestyle diseases, FSSAI launched ‘The Eat Right Movement’ on 10th July, 2018. This movement is in line with the flagship public health programmes of the Government such as POSHAN Abhiyaan, Ayushman Bharat Yojana and Swachh Bharat Mission to lead us to the New India by 2022. This campaign along with the ‘Fit India’ Movement’ will help to fight lifestyle diseases like hypertension, obesity and diabetes effectively.
What are the steps taken by the Government?
A limit of 25% for Total Polar Compounds (TPC) in cooking oil has been prescribed by the Government to avoid the harmful effects of reused cooking oil. Standards for 5 fortified staples which includes wheat flour, rice, oil, milk and salt to reduce large-scale deficiencies of vitamins and minerals have also been notified, in addition to standards for health supplements, nutraceuticals, prebiotics and probiotics products. The Government has put in place regulations to reduce trans-fat to less than 2% in all oils, fats and food products to reach the target of Trans-fat Free India by 2022.
What are Total Polar Compounds (TPC)?
These are the compounds which are formed during the frying when oil undergoes degradation due to their exposure to elevated temperatures which result in changes in the physico-chemical, nutritional and sensory properties of the oil. These compounds are highly toxic and cause several diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, Alzhemeimer’s disease liver diseases etc. and hence it is very essential to monitor the quality of vegetable oils during frying. The FSSAI has fixed a limit for Total Polar Compounds at 25% beyond which the vegetable oil shall not be used. Therefore, Vegetable Oils should not be repeatedly used for frying.
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