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CURRENT AFFAIRSTHE HINDU : JULY 2019

Daily Current Affairs : 31st July 2019 : The Hindu News Analysis

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First ever CAG report on GST

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG),  in its first ever audit of the Goods and Services Tax, has pointed that the government had failed to try out the system before its rollout, thus leading to insufficient compliance mechanisms, and lower tax revenues.

The report pointed out that 'the invoice matching system'-the keystone of the tax system-had not yet been put in place even two years after the GST rollout.




It also pointed out that compliance in terms of the number of returns filed had been falling continuously, and that the government had not been following the rules set out for the transfer of revenue to the States.

According to the CAG, there has been a lack of coordination between Department of Revenue, Central Board of Direct Taxes and the GST network. 

The lower number of GSTR1 returns meant that the tax departments did not have the complete invoice level details filed by the supplier, which would have allowed authorities to verify the details provided in the GSTR-3B form.

What are GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B forms?

GSTR – 3B is a monthly summary return filed by a taxpayer by the 20th of the next month. It discloses supplies made during the month along with GST to be paid, input tax credit claimed, purchases on which reverse charge is applicable, etc., and also makes a provision for the payment of taxes, if any, for the relevant month.


GSTR – 1 is a monthly or quarterly return filed by taxpayers to disclose details of their outward supplies for the month – along with their tax liability. Here, invoice-wise details are to be uploaded so that the Government can keep a check on every transaction; this forms the basis for the recipient of supplies to accept the same and take the eligible input tax credit.

Mukhya Mantri Tirth Yatra Yojana




Seven new destinations has been added to the Mukhya Mantri Tirth Yatra Yojana. These includes following round trips Delhi to :
  • Rameshwaram-Madurai,
  • Tirupati,
  • Dwarkadhish-Nageswar,
  • Jagannath
  • Puri-Konark-Bhubaneshwar,
  • Shirdi-Shani Shingnapur,
  • Ujjain-Onkareshwar
  • Bodh GayaSarnath.
  • In addition, in the existing Ajmer-Pushkar tour, Haldi Ghati destination has been added.

Rajasthan introduced Bills against lynching, honour killing

The bills so introduced have been titled as the Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019, and the Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019.

What is the need for introduction of the Bill?

The State has witnessed several incidents of mob lynching since April 2017, when Haryana’s dairy farmer Pehlu Khan was killed allegedly by a mob of cow vigilantes on the Jaipur-Delhi national highway.

Bill mentioned the recommendation of the Supreme Court made in 2018 in the case of Tehseen S. Poonawalla vs. Union of India for enacting a legislation to create a separate offence for lynching.

Punishment under the Bill

The Bill contains provision for life imprisonment and fine up to Rs. 5 lakh for the offence of lynching. It also contains provision for the appointment of a nodal officer of the rank of Inspector-General of Police to prevent lynchings and establishment of relief camps in safe zones for the victims. 

Further, it defines lynching as an act of violence, whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity.


The Bill against honour killing provided for the 'death penalty' or life sentence and fine up to Rs. 5 lakh  for 'killing a couple or either of them on the basis that their marriage had dishonoured or brought disrepute to the caste, community or family.'  

The life sentence for the offence will mean imprisonment for the remainder of the convict's natural life.


National Register of Citizen (NRC) : New orders on Descendants of D-voters

Who is a D-Voter?

A person born in Assam before December 3, 2004 may be included in the National Register of Citizens (NRC) if a parent from whom “legacy is not drawn” is a doubtful or D-voter, declared foreigner or with a case pending in a Foreigners’ Tribunal. 

A D-voter is one who is marked “doubtful or dubious” on the electoral rolls by the election department officials.


The Foreigners’ Tribunal — Assam currently has 100 and 200 more are coming up — declare a person a foreigner after conducting hearings.

An analysis of Foreigners’ Tribunal cases has revealed that '82% of people on trial were declared foreigners, mostly in ex parte or one-sided judgments.'




What is the Eligibility Criteria for the Descendants of D-voters now?

  • For any NRC applications/claimants, if parent/legacy person through whom eligibility is sought to be established is a DV [doubtful voter] or DF [declared foreigner] or PFT [pending in Foreigners’ Tribunal], then such person will not be included in the NRC irrespective of the status of the other parent.
  • For those persons born before December 3, 2004, if the parent through whom legacy is drawn is not a DV or DF or PFT and is found eligible for inclusion in NRC, but the other parent from whom legacy is not drawn is a DV or DF or PFT, then such descendants may be included in NRC.
  • A person born on or after December 3, 2004 will not be included in the NRC if any of the parent is a DV or DF or PFT “even if the parent from whom legacy is drawn is clear from all angles”.


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

The members of the PVTGs, the Chenchus, are in news for their efforts for the conservation of the tigers and their habitat. 

Referred to as ‘Pancha Pandavas’ locally, they work unmindful of treacherous terrain to provide a safe environment for the big cats and other wild animals and generate vast data from the ground for analysis by the NTCA authorities who come out with the tiger census every four years.

Who are PVTGs?

It is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with particularly low development indices.

These groups were formed on the recommendations of the Dhebar Commission (1960-61) which stated that within Scheduled Tribes there existed an inequality in the rate of development. During the fourth Five Year Plan a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups that considered to be at a lower level of development




What are the criteria for the categorization as PVTGs?

The features of such a group include the following :

  • Pre-agricultural system of existence, that is practice of hunting and gathering
  • Zero or negative population growth
  • Extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups.

At the conclusion of the Sixth Five year plan 20 groups were added and 2 more in the Seventh Five year plan, one more group was added in the eighth five-year plan, making a total 75 groups were identified as PVTG. The 75th group recognised as PTG were the Maram in Manipur in 1993-94. No new group was declared as PTG on the basis of the 2001 census.
State-wise distribution of PVTGs :

  • Andhra Pradesh and Telangana (12 groups) : Bodo Gadaba, Bondo Porja, Chenchu, Dongria Khond, Gutob Gadaba, Khond Porja, Kolam, Konda Reddi, Konda Savara, Kutia Khond, Parengi Porja and Thoti.
  • Bihar and Jharkhand (9 groups)  Asur, Birhor, Birjia, Hill Kharia, Korwas, Mal Paharia, Parhaiya, Sauria Paharia and Savar.
  • Gujarat (5 groups) : Kathodi, Kolgha, Kotwalia, Padhar and Siddi.
  • Karnataka (2 groups) : Jenu Kuruba and Koraga and Kurumba. 
  • Madhya Pradesh & Chattisgarh (7 groups) : Abujh Maria, Baiga, Bharia, Birhor, Hill Korwa, Kamar and Saharia.
  • Manipur (1 group) : Maram Naga
  • Maharashtra (3 groups) : Kathodi, Kolam and Maria Gond.
  • Odisha (13 groups) : Birhor, Bondo, Chuktia Bhunjia, Didayi, Dongria Khond, Juang, Kharia, Kutia Khond, Lanjia Saura, Lodha, Mankidia, Paudi Bhuyan and Sauura.
  • Rajasthan (1 group) : Saharia
  • Tamil Nadu (6 groups) : Irular, Kattu Nayakam, Korunga, Kota, Paniyan and Toda.
  • Tripura (1 group) : Riang
  • Uttar Pradesh  & Uttarakhand (2 groups) : Buska and Raji.
  • West Bengal ( 3 groups ) : Birhor, Lodha and Toto.
  • Andaman & Nicobar (5 groups) : Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Onge, Sentinelese and Shom Pen.

QUICK FEEDS

  • Assam's Golden Tea became the highest auctioned tea in the country to be sold at Rs. 50,000 per kilogram. A little less than 6 kg of tea buds went into producing a kilogram of the record-breaking tea that yields a golden hue when brewed. A kilogram of mass-market tea consumes an average of 4.5 kg of tea leaves.
    • Earlier Golden Needles tea from the Donyi Polo Tea Estate in Arunachal Pradesh fetched Rs. 40,000 for a kilogram.

  • Three factors — information obtained through the RTI Act, administrative data and data collected by the statistical machinery of government — are examples of “data as a public good”.
  • China is planning to spend $150 billion on 5G wireless technology in the next six years — a move to jump-start automated manufacturing and enable Beijing to emerge as a world leader in Artificial Intelligence (AI).
    • The report points out that by 2025, 28% of China’s mobile connections will operate on 5G networks, taking up about a third of all 5G connections globally.
Also Read : 30th July, 2019 Current Affairs; 1st Aug, 2019 Current Affairs.

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