National Sports and Adventure Awards 2019
Context: On the occasion of National Sports Day i.e., 29th August 2019, The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, presented the National Sports and Adventure Awards 2019. Major sports award in India includes :
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: It is conferred to memorize the Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. It is considered as the highest rank National Sports Award in India. It was started in the year 1991, and is presented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports to the players for their exceptional performance in sports in India.
- The first recipient of the award was Vishwanathan Anand in 1991-1992.
- Till 2004, the recipients of the award were given a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs, which was enhanced to Rs. 7.5 lakhs in the 2005 along with a medal and citation.
- Arjuna Awards: It is also conferred by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, and is the oldest National Sports award in India instituted in 1961. The award is given to a person who has been consistent and has exhibited outstanding performance for 4 years in national and international games (including Olympics, Asian Games, and Commonwealth Games).
- The Award was first presented to 6 people in 1961 namely Saleem Durrani (Cricket), Gurucharan Singh Randhawa (Athletics), Sarabjeet Singh (Basketball), Manuel Aaron (Chess), Nandu Natekar (Badminton), and LB D’souza (Boxing).
- Meena Shah (Badminton) was the first woman to get this award in 1962.
- Krishna Das was the first recipient of Arjuna Award in the field of Archery in 1961.
- Awardees are given a bronze statue of Arjuna and a scroll along with 5 lakh rupees cash prize.
- Dronacharya Award: This Award is usually given to coaches who have produced medal winners at prestigious national and international sports events.
- The awardees are presented a certificate along with a cash prize of 5 lakh rupees, a statue of Dronacharya, and a ceremonial dress.
- Dhyanchand Awards 2019: It is officially known as Dhyan Chand Award for Lifetime Achievement in Sports and Games and is considered as the highest award for lifetime achievement in the field of sports.
- This award is named after Major Dhyanchand who was not only a soldier in the Indian Army but was also an Indian field hockey player who scored more than 1000 goals in a career span of 20 years.
- The awardees are given a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs along with a medal and certificate.
Click here to get the complete list of awardees : Sports and Adventure Awards 2019
Context: Department of Telecommunication allocates 2 additional dedicated frequencies for running Community Radio – 89.6 and 90.0 MHz What are these? Community radio is basically a short-range, not-for-profit radio station/channel that looks for the information needs of people living in a particular locality, in the languages and formats that are most adapted to the local context. These stations can be mobilized for campaigns, such as by hosting talk shows with campaigners, announcing campaign events, or playing the campaign radio jingle and songs. How are they helpful? These are helpful in many ways as follows:
- Being run by volunteers using low-cost technology, it tends to be easy to obtain free or inexpensive air time.
- It offers a golden opportunity for contributions by people whose voice is nowhere to be heard on national radio.
- It reaches a large section of the locality it covers, as listeners tend to be interested in local issues.
- It is also deemed to be an excellent way to communicate with communities whose main language is not the official national language.
Russia set to offer submarines during Modi-Putin summit
Context: Russia is likely to offer India its conventional submarines on the G2G route under the Navy’s Project-75I at the summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin. The following changes are likely to occur during the summit:
- The deal to manufacture 200 Ka-226T Utility Helicopters for Indian Army and Indian Air Force is likely to get a boost.
- The two leaders are also likely to discuss and review the setting of manufacturing plant in India for Ak-203 Assault rifles.
- Russia is likely to offer its conventional submarine for the Navy’s P-75I tender.
- Russia might consider an offer of Su-57 Russian Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft to India.
T.N.’s Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree
Context: Two well-known products from Tamil Nadu — Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree — have been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by The Geographical Indications Registry in Chennai.
- The Dindigul locks are well known throughout the globe for their superior quality and durability, They are so famous that even the city is called Lock City. Government institutions such as prisons, godowns, hospitals, and even temples use these locks instead of other machine-made ones.
- They are concentrated in Nagelnagar, Nallampatti, Kodaiparailpatti, Kamalapatti and Yagappanpatti.
- The Kandangi sarees are manufactured in the entire Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district. They are characterised by large contrast borders and some are known to have borders covers as much as 2/3rd of the saree which is usually approximately 5.10 m-5.60 m in length. These cotton sarees are usually worn in summer.
Clues about Human Evolution
Context: A “remarkably complete” 3.8-million-year-old skull of an early human has been unearthed in ETHIOPIA.
The skull which is named as MRD, belongs to the species Australopithecus anamensis and was discovered not far from the younger Lucy (the ancient ancestor of modern humans) and shows that the two species may have co-existed for about 100,000 years.
- Toumai (species Sahelanthropus tchadensis) which was discovered in Chad in 2001, is around 7 million years old and is considered by some palaeontologists to be the first representative of the human lineage.
- Ardi (for Ardipithecus ramidus, another species of hominid) is believed to be around 4.5 million years old and was found in Ethiopia in 1994.
- Lucy, the famous Australopithecus afarensis, was discovered in Ethiopia in 1974, is 3.2 million years old. Australopithecus afarensis is one of the longest-lived and most studied early human species.
Two New Species of Eel discovered
Context: Two new species of marine eel were discovered at Gopalpur-on-sea in Odisha.
‘Gymnothorax andamanensesis’, one of the two species is a short brown un-patterned moray eel. Similarly, a new white-spotted moray eel, which is now named ‘Gymnothorax smithi’ has also been identified by the Gopalpur ZSI’s scientists.
Till now, 10 species of short brown un-patterned moray eels have been discovered around the world, out of which 2 were found in Indian waters and with this new discovery, the number of short brown un-patterned moray eels discovered from the Indian coast has increased to three.
Marine eels are often found in shallow waters but some of them live offshore in sandy or clayey bottoms ranging up to 500 metres. Till now, 49 species of moray eel from 10 genera had been reported from Indian waters, and their species numbers have increased to 50 with the new addition.
E-Course on Vulnerability Atlas of India
Context: The e-Course has been launched by the Union Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs.
The course will be offered by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in collaboration with School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), New Delhi and Building materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC).
The major objective of this course is to create awareness and understanding about the natural hazards and help in identification of regions which are highly vulnerable to earthquakes, and landslides.
The e-course would act as a tool for effective and efficient disaster management and mitigation in the field of architecture, civil engineering, urban and regional planning, housing and infrastructure planning, construction engineering.
- Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi launches nation-wide “Fit India Movement.“ The nation-wide movement aims to motivate every Indian to incorporate simple, easy ways of staying fit in their everyday life.
- UN has warned of rising seas and storm surges following the fourth 900-page scientific assessment is in less than a year, with others focused on a 1.5-Celsius cap on global warming, the state of biodiversity, and how to manage forests and the global food system.
- According to the report, by 2050, many low-lying megacities and small island nations will experience “extreme sea level events” every year.
- It also noted that even if the world manages to cap global warming at 2 degrees Celsius, the global ocean waterline will rise enough to displace more 250 million people.
- ‘ANGIKAAR CAMPAIGN’ for change management has been launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and will be rolled out in all Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana(Urban) cities.
- It will be initiated in all target cities on 2nd October 2019 and will culminate on the occasion of Human Rights Day, 10th December, 2019.
- The campaign has been launched for social behaviour change, focusing on the issues such as water and energy conservation, waste management, health, tree plantation, sanitation and hygiene for beneficiaries of completed houses under PMAY(U), through community mobilization.
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