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CURRENT AFFAIRSEDITORIAL BRIEFSTHE HINDU : JULY 2019

The Hindu Editorial Brief : The Competition of Naga Identity

Nagaland was inaugurated as India's 16th State on 1st December, 1963 following the "16-point Agreement" between Government of India and the Naga People's Convention on July 26, 1960.

Recently, the Nagaland Government set to compile a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN). On June 29, Nagaland Government notified that RIIN "will be the master-list of all indigenous inhabitants of state". All those to be included will be issued 'barcode' and numbered indigenous inhabitant certificate.

It is different from the Assam NRC as exclusion or inclusion in RIIN is not going to determine the Indian Citizenship of anyone in Nagaland.

Condition for the Inclusion in RIIN :

  • Person settled permanently in Nagaland prior to December 1, 1963.
  • His/her parents or legitimate guardian were paying house tax to this cut-off date.
  • The applicant or his/her parents or legitimate guardian acquired property and a patta (land certificate) prior to this cut-off date.
The compilation of RIIN also involves the complexities of deciding claims in respect of children of non-Naga fathers as well as non-Naga children adopted by Naga parents.

If the Nagaland government goes ahead with this cutoff date, then all  Naga people who have migrated to State from neighboring States of Assam,  Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and elsewhere in India after this day will have to be excluded.

A report prepared by the Government, in collaboration with the UNDP in 2009, gave information on migration pattern in Nagaland. 

The report was titled as 'Rural -Urban Migration : A Thematic Report'. 
According to the report, in 2001, ASSAM had the highest number of migrants to Nagaland (around 19176 people), followed by Bihar (7,249 People) and Manipur (4,569 people). A large section of people migrated for better employment and business people.

Though the sole purpose of the introduction is same as that of NRC but it does not hampers the citizenship of an individual and hence, can be thought of as an effective measure.


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