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Global Innovation Index 2019
Who releases the Index?

The index has been released by : 
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); 
  • Cornell University; 
  • INSEAD; and 
  • The 2019 Global Innovation Index partners, 
    • The Confederation of Indian Industries;
    • Dassault Systems - the 3DEXPERIENCE Company; and 
    • National Confederation of Industries (CNI) - Brazil and Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Systems.

What is the theme for 2019?
  • The GII 2019 theme is “Creating Healthy Lives – The Future of Medical Innovation.”

What is so special this time?
  • For the first time, the GII launch is being hosted by the Government of India, which uses the GII in creative ways to strengthen its policy framework for innovation at both the national and regional levels.

Key Findings :
  • Switzerland is the world’s most-innovative country followed by Sweden, the United States of America (U.S.), the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (U.K.).
  • Middle-income economies, particularly in Asia, are increasingly contributing towards the global R&D and international patenting rates via WIPO's International Patenting System.
  • The 2019 Index shows that public R&D expenditures – particularly in some high-income economies – are growing slowly or not at all. 
Global Innovation Index 2019

  • An increased protectionism is indicating towards a risk which if left unchecked would lead to a slowdown of the growth in innovation productivity.
  • Most top science and technology clusters are in the U.S., China, and Germany, while Brazil, India, Iran, the Russian Federation, and Turkey also made it to the top 100 list. 
  • The top five clusters : 
    • Tokyo-Yokohama (Japan); 
    • Shenzhen-Hong Kong, China (China); 
    • Seoul (Republic of Korea); 
    • Beijing (China); 
    • San Jose-San Francisco (U.S.).
  • Position of India : 
    • India maintains its top place in the Central and Southern Asia region as the  52nd ranked economy this year's GII.
    • From 81 in 2015, India’s 29-place move up the Index represents the biggest jump by any major economy. Thanks to its high-quality scientific publications and universities, India remains 2nd among middle-income economies in the quality of innovation. 
    • It maintains top ranks in a number of important indicators such as productivity growth and exports of services related to information and communication technologies
    • This year India reaches the 15th spot in global companies’ R&D expenditures.
    • It also features in the GII ranking on the world’s top science and technology clusters, with Bengaluru, Mumbai and New Delhi included in the global top 100 clusters.

What do you need to know about the Global Innovation Index?
  • It is published annually since 2007 and is now a leading benchmarking tool for business executives, policy makers and others seeking insight into the state of innovation around the world.
  • The core of the GII Report consists of a ranking of world economies’ innovation capabilities and results.
  • The GII 2019 is calculated as the average of two sub-indices :
    • The Innovation Input Sub-Index gauges elements of the national economy which embody innovative activities grouped in five pillars: 
      • Institutions, 
      • Human capital and research, 
      • Infrastructure, 
      • Market sophistication, and 
      • Business sophistication. 
    • The Innovation Output Sub-Index captures actual evidence of innovation results, divided in two pillars: 
      • Knowledge and technology outputs  
      • Creative outputs.

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